President of Nigeria

President of the
Federal Republic of Nigeria
Seal of the President of Nigeria.svg
Presidential Standard of Nigeria.svg
Muhammadu Buhari, President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Muhammadu Buhari

since May 29, 2015
Executive Branch of the Federal Government
StyleMr. President
His Excellency
Member ofFederal Executive Council
National Security Council
ResidenceAso Villa
SeatAbuja, F.C.T.
AppointerDirect popular election
Term lengthFour years, renewable once
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Nigeria
Inaugural holderNnamdi Azikiwe
FormationOctober 1, 1963
(56 years ago)
 (1963-10-01)
DeputyVice President of Nigeria
Salary14,000,000 annually[1]
Websitewww.statehouse.gov.ng
Former standard of the President
Flag of the President as Commander in Chief of the Nigerian Armed Forces
Coat of arms of Nigeria.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Nigeria
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The president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is the head of state and head of government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The president of Nigeria is also the commander-in-chief of the Nigerian Armed Forces[citation needed]. The president is elected in national elections which take place every four years[citation needed]. The offices, powers, and titles of the head of state and the head of government were officially merged into the office of the presidency under the 1979 Constitution of Nigeria[citation needed]. The current president, Muhammadu Buhari, took office on May 29, 2015, as the 15th president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.[2]

History[]

On October 1, 1960, Nigeria gained independence from Britain. An all-Nigerian Executive Council was headed by a prime minister, Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa[citation needed]. On November 16, 1960, Nnamdi Azikiwe became the first governor-general of a federation of three regions of the north, east and west, with Lagos as the Federal Capital[citation needed]. Each of the regions was headed by a premier with a governor as ceremonial head[citation needed]. On October 1, 1963, Nigeria became a Federal Republic and severed whatever ties were left with the British monarchy, but remained a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.[citation needed]An amendment to the 1960 Independence Constitution replaced the office of the governor-general with that of the president. Nnamdi Azikwe was sworn into that office on October 1, 1963.[3] The office at that time was primarily ceremonial, and the main duties of the president were on such things as receiving foreign dignitaries and opening Parliament.[citation needed]In a January 1966 failed coup d'état, a group of army officers, led by Major Chukwuma Nzeogwu, overthrew the central and regional governments, killed the prime minister, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa and tried to take control of the government[citation needed]. Nzeogwu was countered, captured and imprisoned by General Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi. General Aguiyi-Ironsi was named Military Head of State.[citation needed]

In July 1966, a group of northern army officers revolted against the government, killed General Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi, and appointed the army chief of staff, General Yakubu Gowon as the head of the new military government[citation needed]

.

In 1975, General Yakubu Gowon was deposed and General Murtala Mohammed was the head of the Federal Military Government of Nigeria until his assassination in 1976[citation needed]. On his death, the chief-of-staff, Supreme Headquarters (equivalent to a vice-president) general Olusegun Obasanjo assumed office of head of state in a meeting of the Supreme Military Council, keeping the chain of command established by Murtala Muhammed in place[citation needed]. Gen. Obasanjo was responsible for completing the democratic transition begun by his predecessor, which culminated in an election in August 1979[citation needed].

In 1979, Nigeria adopted a federal presidential constitution. The presidency became an executive post, with powers similar to those of his American counterpart. The legislature was a bicameral National Assembly, comprising a Senate and House of Representatives[citation needed].

In October 1979, after more than 13 years of military rule, Nigeria returned to democratic rule. The National Party of Nigeria emerged victorious in the presidential election and Alhaji Shehu Shagari became the first democratically elected president[citation needed].[citation needed]On December 31, 1983, the military overthrew the Second Republic. Major General Muhammadu Buhari emerged as the chairman of the Supreme Military Council (SMC), the new head of state.

In August 1985, General Buhari's government was peacefully overthrown by the Army chief of staff, Major General Ibrahim Babangida[citation needed]. Babangida became the president and chairman of the Armed Forces Ruling Council.

In August 1993, General Babangida stepped down and chose an interim government to replace him[citation needed]. Ernest Shonekan was named as interim president. General Sani Abacha seized power from Shonekan in November 1993 and became the president and chairman of the Provisional Ruling Council.

On 8 June 1998, General Abacha died at the presidential villa in the Nigerian capital, Abuja.[4][5][6][7] [8][9] Major General Abdulsalami Abubakar became the new president and chairman of the Provisional Ruling Council.[10][11][9][12]

On 29 May, 1999 Major General Abdulsalami Abubakar stepped down,[13] and the former military head of state, Olusegun Obasanjo, became the civilian president. Obasanjo served two terms in office.

In May 2007, Alhaji Umaru Yar'Adua was sworn in as President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, the 13th head of state of Nigeria.[14][15][16] Yar'Adua died on 5 May, 2010 in the presidential villa, in Abuja, Nigeria.[17][18][19][20][21][22][23]

On 6 May, 2010 Vice President Goodluck Jonathan was sworn in as President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the 14th head of state.[24][25][26][27][28][29]

On 29 May, 2015 Muhammadu Buhari was sworn in as President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the 15th head of state after winning the general election.[30][31][32][33][34][35]

Functions of the president of Nigeria[]

The president has the powers entrusted by the Constitution and legislation, including those necessary to perform the functions of head of state and head of the national executive.[36]

The president of Nigeria is responsible for[citation needed]:

Eligibility[]

Chapter VI, Part I, Section 131 of the constitution states that a person may be qualified for election of the office of the president if:[37]

A person who meets the above qualifications is still disqualified from holding the office of the president if:[citation needed]

Oath of office[]

The Constitution of Nigeria specifies an oath of office for the president of the federation. The oath is administered by the chief justice of the Supreme Court of Nigeria or the person for the time being appointed to exercise the functions of that office:[38]

I do solemnly swear/affirm that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to the Federal Republic of Nigeria; that as President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, I will discharge my duties to the best of my ability, faithfully and in accordance with the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the law, and always in the interest of the sovereignty, integrity, solidarity, well-being and prosperity of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; that I will strive to preserve the Fundamental Objectives and Directive Principles of State Policy contained in the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; that I will not allow my personal interest to influence my official conduct or my official decisions; that I will to the best of my ability preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; that I will abide by the Code of Conduct contained in the Fifth Schedule to the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; that in all circumstances, I will do right to all manner of people, according to law, without fear or favour, affection or ill-will; that I will not directly or indirectly communicate or reveal to any person any matter which shall be brought under my consideration or shall become known to me as President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, except as may be required for the due discharge of my duties as President; and that I will devote myself to the service and well-being of the people of Nigeria. So help me God.

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ Ibeh, Nnenna (30 May 2015). "Buhari to earn N14 million as annual salary, allowances". Premium Times. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
  2. ^ admin. "President, Muhammadu Buhari | Consulate of Nigeria, Atlanta". Retrieved 2020-05-25.
  3. ^ "bookreader demo". credo.library.umass.edu. Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  4. ^ Kaufman, Michael T. (1998-06-09). "NEW CHAPTER IN NIGERIA: THE OBITUARY; Sani Abacha, 54, a Beacon of Brutality In an Era When Brutality Was Standard". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  5. ^ Rupert, James (1998-06-09). "GEN. SANI ABACHA DIES". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  6. ^ Orr, David. "Diplomat claims that disaffected soldiers poisoned Sani Abacha". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  7. ^ "Sani Abacha: Timeline of the late Nigerian dictator's life". BBC News. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  8. ^ "The day Sani Abacha died!". TheCable. 2018-06-08. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  9. ^ a b Opejobi, Seun (2017-06-19). "Details of how Abacha died in 1998 – Al-Mustapha". Daily Post Nigeria. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  10. ^ "NIGERIA: Dictator dies; successor chosen". products.kitsapsun.com. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
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  12. ^ ""My Transition Agenda for Development" [Text of Speech to the Nigerian Nation, July 20, 1998] by General Abdulsalam Abubakar". www.waado.org. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  13. ^ Onishi, Norimitsu (1999-05-30). "Nigeria's Military Turns Over Power to Elected Leader". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  14. ^ "Yar'Adua Inauguration Marks Key Point for Nigeria". NPR.org. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  15. ^ "Umaru Musa Yar'adua took the piss". Sahara Reporters. 2010-02-07. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
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  17. ^ "Nigeria's president Yar'Adua dies". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  18. ^ Whiteman, Kaye (2010-05-05). "Umaru Yar'Adua obituary". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  19. ^ "Obituary: President Yar'Adua". 2010-05-06. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
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  23. ^ "Nigerian president Umaru Yar'Adua dies after months of illness". Daily Telegraph. 2010-05-06. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  24. ^ "Jonathan Sworn in as New Nigerian President | Voice of America - English". www.voanews.com. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  25. ^ "Nigeria swears in new president". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
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  27. ^ "Timeline: Goodluck Jonathan sworn in as Nigeria's president". Reuters. 2010-05-06. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  28. ^ "Goodluck Jonathan is sworn in as president". France 24. 2010-05-06. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  29. ^ Smith, David; agencies (2010-05-06). "Goodluck Jonathan sworn in as Nigerian president". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
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  31. ^ "Buhari sworn in as Nigeria's president after historic win". France 24. 2015-05-29. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
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  34. ^ Laing, Aislinn (2015-05-29). "Nigeria's president Goodluck Jonathan hands over to former dictator Muhammadu Buhari". Daily Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  35. ^ Ross, Will (2015-05-29). "Handing over the reins of power in Nigeria". BBC News. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
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