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|President of the Republic of Cuba
Presidente de la República de Cuba
|Council of State|
|Style||Mr. President (Informal) |
His Excellency (In international correspondence)
|Status||Head of state|
Head of government
|Member of||Council of Ministers|
|Residence||Palacio de la Revolución|
|Appointer||National Assembly of People's Power|
|Term length||Five years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Tomás Estrada Palma (1902) |
Fidel Castro (1976 Constitution)
|Deputy||First Vice President of the Council of State|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The President of the Republic of Cuba (Spanish: Presidente de la República de Cuba), officially called President of the Council of State (Spanish: Presidente del Consejo de Estado de Cuba) between 1976 and 2019, is the head of the Council of State of Cuba. The office in its current form was established under the Constitution of 2019. The president is the second most powerful position, after the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba.
Under the 1901 constitution, Cuba had a presidential system based on that of the United States.
On 2 December 1976, the executive was reformed again by a new national constitution, this time in emulation of the Soviet Union. The presidential office was abolished and replaced by a collective head of state, the Council of State, elected by the National Assembly of People's Power. However, unlike the USSR's arrangements, where the Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet and the Council of Ministers were distinct posts, the Chairman of the Council of State also chaired the Council of Ministers.
Furthermore, unlike English and Russian, Spanish does not distinguish between the terms "chairman/председатель" and "president/президент", translating both as "presidente". Thus, when back-translated into English, the term used was not "Chairman" (on the precedent of similar institutions in countries whose languages have a chairman/president distinction, such as the USSR and East Germany), but rather "President", from the shared etymology with the Spanish "presidente".
On February 24, 2019, another constitution – Cuba's current – was adopted in a referendum. Under it, the government was again re-organized, and the posts of President and Prime Minister were restored. This reorganization, however, has yet to enter into effect.
In cases of the absence, illness or death of the President of the Council of State, a vice president assumes the President’s duties.
The current president is Miguel Díaz-Canel.
The President of Cuba has the power to:
"I confirm to this assembly that Raul Castro, as first secretary of the Communist Party, will lead the decisions about the future of the country," Diaz-Canel said.