The star Yoonir
, symbol of the Universe.
The Serer religion, or a ƭat Roog ("the way of the Divine"), is the original religious beliefs, practices, and teachings of the Serer people of Senegal in West Africa. The Serer religion believes in a universal supreme deity called Roog (or Rog). In the Cangin languages, Roog is referred to as Koox (or Kooh), Kopé Tiatie Cac, Kokh Kox, etc.
The Serer people are found throughout the Senegambia region. In the 20th century, around 85% of the Serer converted to Islam (Sufism), but some are Christians or follow their traditional religion. Traditional Serer religious practices encompass ancient chants and poems, veneration of and offerings to deities as well as spirits (pangool), astronomy, initiation rites, medicine, cosmology and Serer history.
Serer cosmogony. A representation of the universe. The three worlds: the invisible world, the terrestrial world and the nocturnal world.
Yoonir, symbol of the Universe.
Serer final resting place with Serer grave diggers. The top points are directed towards the gods. (1821)
Festivals & Events
There are several Serer religious festivals some of which are listed below :
' Daqaar mboob - Diouck - Gamo - Jobai - Khanghere - Mindisse - Mbosseh - Mboudaye - Randou Rande - Raan (held at Tukar, see also Saltigue) - Sam Southieh - The consultation at Ngalagne - The massacre of Cadde - The royal struggle - The session struggle at Ndiaye-Ndiaye - The session struggle Jiloor (Jijaak) - Tobaski - Tourou Peithie - Xoy (main Xoy held at Fatick)
More about religious festivals...
||African religion, seen through the Sereer religion, has most of the traits of a religious trend: it has a theory, latent, but coherent, oriented toward sacred transcendence as source of life, communication and participation. An ethics proposed by the old tradition, with a sense of right and wrong. A popular cult. Places of worship. A corpus of prayers. A mystical life, reserved for initiates. A well-prepared staff, from Pangool [ancestors’ spirits] priests, seers, healers and leaders of religious worship, the Saltigi, not to mention a multitude of celebrants dedicated to family and local cults. A whole life based on the religious experience. It is a true religious path, whose central theme could be formulated as follows: "the divine in man.
Babacar Sédikh Diouf
Source: Diouf, Babacar Sédikh, "Le Sérère, Paganism Polythéiste ou Religion Monothéiste" [in] Camara, Fatou Kiné (PhD) & Seck, Abdourahmane (PhD), "Secularity and Freedom of Religion in Senegal: Between a Constitutional Rock and a Hard Reality", p 860-61 (PDF - p. 2-3) 
Lamane Jegan Joof was a Serer lamane who according to Serer tradition founded the Serer village of Tukar now part of present-day Senegal. The Raan Festival, a major event in the Serer religious calendar takes place each year at Tukar, two weeks after the appearance of the new moon in April. He is reported to have been accompanied by a group of Pangool when he migrated from Lambaye with his brother Ndik following a disagreement with his relative the king of Lambaye. In his epic and the epic of Tukar, he is reported to have canonised the pangool Lunguñ Joof (Serer proper : Lunguñ Juuf).
More about Lamane Jegan Joof...
Did you know...
- ...that the Serer creator god (Roog) created the universe and everything in it using his feminine principles according to the Serer creation narrative, and the first human couple were called YAAB and YOP (female and male respectively)?
- ...that Tiurakh is the god of wealth and success and is normally worshiped and invoked for materialistic reasons?
- ...that The Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune is the proper name for "The Battle of Somb", and although the battle was mainly religious, it also had a political and economic dimension?
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