Portal:Islam

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Introduction

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Islam (/ˈɪslɑːm/; Arabic: الإسلام, romanizedal-’Islām [ɪsˈlaːm] (listen), transl. "Submission [to God]") is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion centred primarily around the Quran, a religious text that is considered by Muslims to be the direct word of God (or Allah) as it was revealed to Muhammad, the main and final Islamic prophet. It is the world's second-largest religion behind Christianity, with more than two billion followers comprising around 25 percent of the global population. Islam teaches that God is merciful, all-powerful, and unique, and has guided humanity through various prophets, revealed scriptures, and natural signs, with the Quran serving as the final, universal revelation and Muhammad serving as the "Seal of the Prophets" (the last prophet of God). The teachings and practices of Muhammad (sunnah) documented in traditional collected accounts (hadith) provide a secondary constitutional model for Muslims to follow after the Quran.

Muslims believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed many times through earlier prophets such as Adam, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, among others; these earlier revelations are attributed to Judaism and Christianity, which are regarded in Islam as spiritual predecessor faiths. They also consider the Quran, when preserved in Classical Arabic, to be the unaltered and final revelation of God to humanity. Like other Abrahamic religions, Islam also teaches a Final Judgement wherein the righteous will be rewarded in paradise (Jannah) and the unrighteous will be punished in hell (Jahannam). Religious concepts and practices include the Five Pillars of Islam, which are considered to be obligatory acts of worship, as well as following Islamic law (sharia), which touches on virtually every aspect of life and society from banking and finance and welfare to women's roles and the environment. The cities of Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalem are home to the three holiest sites in Islam, in descending order: Masjid al-Haram, Al-Masjid an-Nabawi, and Al-Aqsa Mosque.

From a historical point of view, Islam originated in the early 7th century CE in the Arabian Peninsula, near Mecca. Through various caliphates, the religion later spread outside of Arabia shortly after Muhammad's death, and by the 8th century, the Umayyad Caliphate had imposed Islamic rule from the Iberian Peninsula in the west to the Indus Valley in the east. The Islamic Golden Age refers to the period traditionally dated from the 8th century to the 13th century, during the reign of the Abbasid Caliphate, when much of the Muslim world was experiencing a scientific, economic, and cultural flourishing. The expansion of the Muslim world involved various states and caliphates such as the Ottoman Empire, extensive trade, and religious conversion as a result of Islamic missionary activities (dawah). (Full article...)

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In this month

Fruit of Islam

Islam in the news

29 June 2022 – 2022 Muhammad remarks controversy
Protests and arson incidents occur in Udaipur, Rajasthan, India, after a Hindu man is murdered and beheaded in his shop by two Islamic extremists for supporting controversial remarks by a politician about the prophet Muhammad. (BBC News)
29 June 2022 – Israeli–Palestinian conflict
A Palestinian Islamic Jihad member is killed during clashes with Israeli soldiers in Jenin, in the occupied West Bank. (Reuters)
25 June 2022 – Islamic terrorism in Europe
2022 Oslo shootings
Two people are killed and 21 others injured during mass shootings at three separate sites in central Oslo, Norway, including a gay nightclub. An Iranian-Norwegian man is arrested and charged with murder, attempted murder, and terrorism. The motive is suspected to be Islamic extremism. (BBC News) (NRK)
21 June 2022 –
Rioters attack an International Day of Yoga celebration in Malé, the Maldives, proclaiming that yoga is against the tenets of Islam. (Reuters)
20 June 2022 – Mali War
Islamist insurgents kill 132 civilians over the weekend in a series of attacks on three villages in the Bankass Cercle of Mali's Mopti Region, including Segue. (AP)

Selected biography

Abū Yūsuf Yaʻqūb ibn Isḥāq al-Kindī (c. 801–873 CE), also known to the West by the Latinized version of his name Alkindus, was an Arab polymath: an Islamic philosopher, scientist, astrologer, astronomer, cosmologist, chemist, logician, mathematician, musician, physician, physicist, psychologist, and meteorologist. Al-Kindi was the first of the Muslim Peripatetic philosophers, and is known for his efforts to introduce Greek and Hellenistic philosophy to the Arab world, and as a pioneer in chemistry, cryptography, medicine, music theory, physics, psychology, and the philosophy of science. Al-Kindi was a descendant of the Kinda tribe. He was born and educated in Kufa, before pursuing further studies in Baghdad. Al-Kindi became a prominent figure in the House of Wisdom, and a number of Abbasid Caliphs appointed him to oversee the translation of Greek scientific and philosophical texts into the Arabic language. This contact with "the philosophy of the ancients" (as Greek and Hellenistic philosophy was often referred to by Muslim scholars) had a profound effect on his intellectual development, and led him to write original treatises on subjects ranging from Islamic ethics and metaphysics to Islamic mathematics and pharmacology.

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AhmadiyyaShi'a IslamSunni IslamHadithSalafMuslim scholarsIslam and ControversyMuslim historyMosquesLinks Cleanup

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Mūsā al-Kādhim, along with his grandson Muhammad at-Taqī are buried within the al-Kādhimiya Mosque in Baghdad, Iraq
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