Portal:Hong Kong

The Hong Kong Portal

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Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated regions in the world and famous for its energetic metropolitan area. Hong Kong is a special administrative region of China. The modern city was a British overseas territory from 1842 to 1997. It has a population of seven million and has been continuously occupied for over five millennia.

Despite its high population density, only about 17% of its land is built up, and greenery is everywhere. It is a place of contrasts - frenetically urban adjacent to pristine greenery; extremely rich next to poor; Western culture and Chinese culture. Victoria Harbour is world famous for its splendid nightview from the Peak. The central business district is heavily urbanised with skyscrapers all around, but the country parks and beaches are just kilometres away. Traditional towns and villages, as well as natural reserves, are common in the suburban and rural New Territories, including the outlying islands. Public transport is very efficient, convenient, comfortable and reliable.

Under the Basic Law, its constitution, Hong Kong's government, judicial system, stamps, passports, customs policy, immigration control and currency are to greater or lesser degrees independent of the People's Republic of China's. The rule of the road is different from the rest of China, and it sends its own delegates to various international organisations and sporting events.

The official languages of Hong Kong are English and Chinese, with English widely used in business and education. Most residents speak Cantonese as their mother tongue, followed in significance by English, Mandarin and other Chinese languages, as well as other Asian languages. The popular culture of Hong Kong is best represented by its cuisine, pop music and films. Atheism, Taoism, Buddhism, Christianity & Islam all co-exist in a state of general harmony. Focusing on trade, tourism, banking and finance, Hong Kong is one of the wealthiest economies in the world.

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Democracy protesters on 13 January 2008 demanding universal suffrage by 2012

Democratic development in Hong Kong has been a major issue since its transfer of sovereignty to the People's Republic of China in 1997. The one country, two systems principle allows Hong Kong to enjoy high autonomy in all areas besides foreign relations and defence, which are responsibilites of the central government. Hong Kong's Basic Law, also adopted after the 1997 handover, allowed residents to vote for local district councillors and directly elect about half of the region's legislators at the time. Many Hongkongers became concerned, however, after the first Chief Executive, Tung Chee-hwa, appeared to have mishandled this issue, while human rights and universal suffrage have also become focal points for the pro-democracy camp.

Historically, Hong Kong has never been an electoral democracy. Later attempts to bring Hongkongers to the negotiating table by the British during the Sino-Anglo discussions were rejected by Beijing in the late 1980s. Chris Patten, the last governor of Hong Kong as a colony, also faced a great deal of opposition in changing its political system prior to the 1997 handover. (Full article...)
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Sir Sze-yuen Chung, GBM, GBE, FREng, JP (Chinese: 鍾士元; 3 November 1917 – 14 November 2018) was a Hong Kong politician who served as a Senior Member of the Executive and Legislative Councils during the 1970s and 1980s in the colonial period and the first Non-official Convenor of the Executive Council in the SAR period. For his seniority in the Hong Kong political arena, he was nicknamed the "Great Sir" and "Godfather of Hong Kong politics".

An-engineer-turned-politician, Chung was appointed to various public positions by the colonial government including the chairman of the Federation of Hong Kong Industries (FHKI) in the 1960s before he was an Unofficial Member of the Legislative and Executive Councils. As a Senior Member of the Executive Council, Chung was involved heavily in the Sino-British negotiations on the Hong Kong sovereignty in the early 1980s, in which he sought to voice the concerns on the behalf of the Hong Kong people between the Chinese and British governments. After his retirement from the colonial positions in 1988, he began to take Beijing appointments of pre-handover posts. In 1997, he was invited by Chief Executive Tung Chee-hwa to become the first Convenor of the Non-official Members of the SAR Executive Council until his second retirement in 1999. (Full article...)

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Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception (Hong Kong)

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