Portal:Anarchism


THE Anarchic a-white.svgNARCHISM PORTAL

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Anarchism is a political philosophy and movement that is skeptical of authority and rejects all involuntary, coercive forms of hierarchy. Anarchism calls for the abolition of the state, which it holds to be unnecessary, undesirable, and harmful. As a historically left-wing movement, placed on the farthest left of the political spectrum, it is usually described alongside communalism and libertarian Marxism as the libertarian wing (libertarian socialism) of the socialist movement, and has a strong historical association with anti-capitalism and socialism.

Humans lived in societies without formal hierarchies long before the establishment of formal states, realms, or empires. With the rise of organised hierarchical bodies, scepticism toward authority also rose. Although traces of anarchist thought are found throughout history, modern anarchism emerged from the Enlightenment. During the latter half of the 19th and the first decades of the 20th century, the anarchist movement flourished in most parts of the world and had a significant role in workers' struggles for emancipation. Various anarchist schools of thought formed during this period. Anarchists have taken part in several revolutions, most notably in the Paris Commune, the Russian Civil War and the Spanish Civil War, whose end marked the end of the classical era of anarchism. In the last decades of the 20th and into the 21st century, the anarchist movement has been resurgent once more. (Full article...)


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A cover of El Productor commemorating the Haymarket Martyrs.
Anarchism as a social movement in Cuba held great influence with the working classes during the 19th and early 20th century. The movement was particularly strong following the abolition of slavery in 1886, until it was disected first in 1925 by President Gerardo Machado, and finally by Fidel Castro's Marxist government following the Cuban Revolution in the late 1950s. Cuban anarchism mainly took the form of Bakuninist anarcho-collectivism and, later, anarcho-syndicalism. The Latin American labor and by extension the Cuban labor movement itself was at first more influenced by anarchism than Marxism. (read more...)

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Katie Sierra in the Land of the Free by Carlos Latuff
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Katie Sierra in the Land of the Free by political cartoonist Carlos Latuff. The Katie Sierra suspension controversy occurred in 2001 when anarcho-pacifist Sierra faced harassment for opposing the 2001 War in Afghanistan; anarcho-pacifists reject violence and militarism, and seek non-violent social revolution.

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Nestor Makhno
Nestor Makhno, The ABC of The Revolutionary Anarchist, 1932.

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