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Anarchism is a political philosophy and movement that is sceptical of authority and rejects all involuntary, coercive forms of hierarchy. Anarchism calls for the abolition of the state, which it holds to be undesirable, unnecessary, and harmful. It is usually described alongside libertarian Marxism as the libertarian wing (libertarian socialism) of the socialist movement and as having a historical association with anti-capitalism and socialism.

The history of anarchism goes back to prehistory, when humans arguably lived in anarchistic societies long before the establishment of formal states, realms or empires. With the rise of organised hierarchical bodies, scepticism toward authority also rose, but it was not until the 19th century that a self-conscious political movement emerged. During the latter half of the 19th and the first decades of the 20th century, the anarchist movement flourished in most parts of the world and had a significant role in workers' struggles for emancipation. Various anarchist schools of thought formed during this period. Anarchists have taken part in several revolutions, most notably in the Spanish Civil War, whose end marked the end of the classical era of anarchism. In the last decades of the 20th and into the 21st century, the anarchist movement has been resurgent once more. (Full article...)

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Pável Dimítrievich Turchanínov (died September 21, 1921), known by the pseudonym Lev Chernyi, was a Russian anarchist theorist, activist and poet, and a leading figure of the Third Russian Revolution. His early thought was individualist, rejecting anarcho-communism as a threat to individual liberty. In 1917, Chernyi was released from his political imprisonment by the Imperial Russian regime, and swiftly became one of the leading figures in Russian anarchism. After strongly denouncing the new Bolshevik government in various anarchist publications and joining several underground resistance movements, Chernyi was arrested by the Cheka on a charge of counterfeiting and in 1921 was executed without trial. (read more...)

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Members of the anti-fascist Maquis in La Tresorerie, 14 September 1944, Boulogne, France.
Cr: Donald I. Grant

Members of the anti-fascist Maquis in La Tresorerie, 14 September 1944, Boulogne, France. The Maquis resisted Nazi and Francoist rule in Europe in the mid-20th century; In south-west France, some Maqui cells were composed entirely of veterans of the Spanish Civil War, many of whom were anarchists.

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Henry David Thoreau

Anniversaries for March 4

  • 1918 - The Bureau of Investigation of the United States Department of Justice ordered copies of all correspondence to & from Emma Goldman sent to its office in Washington, D.C.
  • 1937 - The Spanish newspaper La Noche carried an announcement introducing the aims, characteristics & membership conditions of the anarchist Friends of Durruti Group.
  • 1939 - Har Dayal died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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