Phags-pa (Unicode block)

Phags-pa
RangeU+A840..U+A87F
(64 code points)
PlaneBMP
ScriptsPhags Pa
Major alphabetsMongolian
Chinese
Assigned56 code points
Unused8 reserved code points
Unicode version history
5.056 (+56)
Note: [1][2]

Phags-pa is a Unicode block containing characters from the 'Phags-pa script promulgated as a national script by Kublai Khan. It was used primarily in writing Mongolian and Chinese, although it was intended for the use of all languages of the Mongol Empire.

Block[]

Phags-pa[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+A84x
U+A85x
U+A86x
U+A87x
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 13.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

The block has six variation sequences defined for standardized variants.[3] They use U+FE00 VARIATION SELECTOR-1 (VS01):

Variation sequences for reversed shaping
U+ A856 A85C A85E A85F A860 A868
base code point
base + VS01 ꡖ︀ ꡜ︀ ꡞ︀ ꡟ︀ ꡠ︀ ꡨ︀

Note that four vowel letters have positional variants:

Positional forms of I, U, E, and O
Character Orientation Isolate Initial Medial Final
U+A85E PHAGS-PA LETTER I regular ꡞ‍ ‍ꡞ‍ ‍ꡞ
reversed ꡞ︀ ꡞ︀‍ ‍ꡞ︀‍ ‍ꡞ︀
U+A85F PHAGS-PA LETTER U regular ꡟ‍ ‍ꡟ‍ ‍ꡟ
reversed ꡟ︀ ꡟ︀‍ ‍ꡟ︀‍ ‍ꡟ︀
U+A860 PHAGS-PA LETTER E regular ꡠ‍ ‍ꡠ‍ ‍ꡠ
reversed ꡠ︀ ꡠ︀‍ ‍ꡠ︀‍ ‍ꡠ︀
U+A861 PHAGS-PA LETTER O regular ꡡ‍ ‍ꡡ‍ ‍ꡡ

History[]

The following Unicode-related documents record the purpose and process of defining specific characters in the Phags-pa block:

Version Final code points[a] Count L2 ID WG2 ID Document
5.0 U+A840..A877 56 L2/00-055 N2163 (pdf, doc) Sato, T. K. (2000-01-06), Soyombo and Pagba (old Mongol scripts)
L2/03-224 Baxter, William H. (2003-07-10), Email on 'Phags-pa
L2/03-246 Quejingzhabu; West, Andrew (2003-08-12), Letter commenting on Phags-pa encoding
L2/03-269 West, Andrew; Fynn, Christopher (2003-08-16), E-mail questions and answers on Phags-pa encoding
L2/03-229R3 N2622 West, Andrew (2003-09-18), Proposal to encode the Phags-pa script
L2/03-366 N2666 Principles on Encoding Phags-pa Script, 2003-10-20
L2/03-374 West, Andrew (2003-10-22), Response to N2666 (Principles on Encoding Phags-pa Script)
N2912 Constable, Peter (2004-01-22), Open Issues on Phags-pa Encoding
L2/04-085 N2706 Summary of Voting on ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 2 N 3696 : Project Subdivision Proposal for ISO/IEC 10646: 2003/Amendment 1, 2004-02-03
L2/04-112 N2719 West, Andrew (2004-03-10), Response to Comments on Phags-pa Proposal in N2706
L2/04-134 N2745 HPhags-pa script encoding, 2004-04-02
L2/04-174 N2771 West, Andrew (2004-06-01), Comments on Chinese-Mongolian joint proposal to encode the Hphags-pa script (N2475)
L2/04-275 N2829 Chen, Zhuang; Jia La, Sen; He Xi Ge Du, Ren; Tumurtogoo, Domi; Everson, Michael; Sekiguchi; Constable, Peter; Whistler, Ken; Freytag, Asmus (2004-06-22), Consensus on the encoding of the Phags-pa script in the PDAM code chart
L2/04-414 N2870 Summary of the Revised User's Agreement Related to Phags-pa Script, 2004-10-25
L2/04-412 N2869 Proposal to Encode the Phags-Pa Script, 2004-11-17
L2/04-413 N2869c Cover letter to Updated proposal to encode the Phags-pa Script, 2004-11-17
L2/04-415 N2871 Some Problems on the Encoding of the Phags-pa Script, 2004-11-17
L2/05-036 N2922 Consensus on Encoding Phags-pa Script, 2005-01-25
L2/05-059 Whistler, Ken (2005-02-03), "1. Phags-pa", WG2 Consent Docket, Part 2: Unicode 5.0 Issues
L2/05-026 Moore, Lisa (2005-05-16), "WG2 - Unicode 5.0 Consent Docket (B.1.16)", UTC #102 Minutes
L2/05-219 N2964 A User’s Agreement Related to Phags-pa Script, 2005-08-05
L2/05-255 N2972 West, Andrew (2005-08-17), Glyph Forms for PHAGS-PA LETTER YA and PHAGS-PA LETTER ALTERNATE YA
L2/05-257 N2979 West, Andrew (2005-09-01), Phags-pa Glyphs
L2/05-270 Whistler, Ken (2005-09-21), "F. Phags-pa Glyphs", WG2 Consent Docket (Sophia Antipolis)
L2/05-279 Moore, Lisa (2005-11-10), "Consensus 105-C29", UTC #105 Minutes
N2953 (pdf, doc) Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2006-02-16), "7.2.1", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 47, Sophia Antipolis, France; 2005-09-12/15
L2/12-360 Esfahbod, Behdad; Pournader, Roozbeh (2012-11-05), Mongolian and 'Phags-Pa Shaping
L2/12-343R2 Moore, Lisa (2012-12-04), "B.14.5 Mongolian Shaping", UTC #133 Minutes
L2/13-146 N4435 Suignard, Michel (2013-05-27), Presentation of vertical scripts
L2/13-132 Moore, Lisa (2013-07-29), "B.1.7 Presentation of vertical scripts", UTC #136 Minutes
N4403 (pdf, doc) Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2014-01-28), "11.1.2 Presentation of Vertical scripts (Mongolian and Phags-pa)", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 61, Holiday Inn, Vilnius, Lithuania; 2013-06-10/14
L2/18-278 Dyi-Yuaan, Lo (2018-08-30), A Glyph Error of 'Phags-pa Alternate YA (U+A86D)
L2/18-280 N5012 West, Andrew (2018-08-30), Discussion of 'Glyph Error of 'Phags-pa Alternate YA'
L2/18-272 Moore, Lisa (2018-10-29), "C.5.1 A Glyph Error of 'Phags-pa Alternate YA (U+A86D)", UTC #157 Minutes
  1. ^ Proposed code points and characters names may differ from final code points and names

References[]

  1. ^ "Unicode character database". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
  2. ^ "Enumerated Versions of The Unicode Standard". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
  3. ^ "Unicode Character Database: Standardized Variation Sequences". The Unicode Consortium.