Palacio de La Moncloa
Main facade of La Moncloa Palace
|Former names||Palace of the Counts of Moncloa|
|Alternative names||La Moncloa|
|Address||Avenida Puerta de Hierro, s/n|
|Town or city||Madrid|
|Current tenants||Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez and his family.|
|Construction started||1947 (reconstruction of the 17th century original)|
|Owner||Government of Spain|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Isidro González Velázquez|
Joaquín Ezquerra del Bayo
José de Azpiroz y Azpiroz
The Palace of Moncloa or Moncloa Palace (Spanish: Palacio de La Moncloa) is the official residence and workplace of the Prime Minister of Spain. It is located in Puerta de Hierro Avenue, in the Moncloa-Aravaca district in Madrid. It has been the official residence of the Prime Minister of Spain since 1977, when Adolfo Suárez moved the residence from the Palace of Villamejor.
The Moncloa Complex includes 16 buildings, a bunker and a hospital. The Ministry of the Presidency, the Deputy Prime Minister's Office, the Chief of Staff's Office and the Press Office are located in this complex. The weekly meetings of the Council of Ministers are also held at La Moncloa.
In Spain 'Moncloa' is sometimes used as a metonym for the central government, especially when contrasting with the governments of the Autonomous Communities.
The Moncloa Palace was originally a farm for agricultural use, which, due to its good situation, later became a palace-house. In 1660 it was bought by Gaspar de Haro y Guzmán, Marquis of Carpio and Eliche, owner of the neighboring orchard of La Moncloa, a name that came from its former owners, the Counts of Monclova, which later gave rise to Moncloa, as know today.
When the two gardens were joined, Gaspar de Haro had a palace built on the highest part of the land, known first as Eliche's Palace and also as Painted House, in reference to the frescoes that adorned the exterior walls, and later as Palace of La Moncloa.
The Palace passed through different owners until reaching María del Pilar Teresa Cayetana de Silva Álvarez de Toledo, 13th Duchess of Alba de Tormes. To his death without descendants in 1802, Charles IV acquired the mansion and the orchard and added it to the Royal Site of La Florida, which was then called Royal Site of La Moncloa. In 1816, Ferdinand VII ordered the restoration of the palace.
Thirty years later, Isabella II ceded the property of La Moncloa to the State, which became part of the Ministry of Development. The palace was restored again in 1929, when it was reopened as a museum.
A decade after its destruction, the architect Diego Méndez built, between 1949 and 1953, the present building following the model of the Casa del Labrador of Aranjuez. Then it was destined to official residence of heads of State in visit to Spain and high personalities.
By law of July 15, 1954, the Moncloa Palace and its gardens, with an area of 58,293.81 square meters and adjoining the four cardinal points with land of the University City of Madrid, was integrated into the National Heritage. The new design was adapted to the new functions assigned to the palace, which was inaugurated by Francisco Franco in 1953. On June 3, 1954, arrived the palace's first foreign head of state, Rafael Leonidas Trujillo. On November 28, 1976, the last one, Carlos Andrés Pérez.
In 1977, Prime Minister Adolfo Suárez moved the headquarters of the Presidency of the Government, located until then in the central Villamejor Palace, to La Moncloa. The change occurred, fundamentally, and given the remote location of the palace, away from the center of Madrid, for security reasons, in the face of concern that an attack against the young prime minister, newly appointed by King Juan Carlos I. With the new palace was also established on it the official residence for the Prime Minister and his family.
Since 1977, the reforms and expansions of the Complex has been constant prime minister after prime minister. Adolfo Suarez ordered the build of a tennis court and the reform of the pool. He also ordered the old main courtyard covered, which is now the famous Hall of Columns.
Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo was a short prime minister but he had enough time to enable more rooms on the third floor (he had eight children) and also a music room to install a piano. Felipe González arrived in 1982 and cultivated a small orchard of bonsais although the major work he did in the complex was the construction of an underground bunker. In his mind, there was a memory of the coup d'état attempt of February 23, 1981. He also built a new building close to the presidential residence to carry out the Council of Ministers, releasing in this way the main building of some work, and dedicating it more to the private residence of the prime minister.
José María Aznar, Ana Botella, his three sons and two cocker dogs turned the Moncloa into his house between 1996 and 2004. Prime Minsiter Aznar was responsible for the construction of a game room for his three children, as well as a paddle tennis court to practice his favorite sport. Sonsoles Espinosa, wife of the Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, decided to also give a radical change to the private rooms. She bet on the minimalist style: painted the rooms with light colors, changed classic furniture for other design ones (but respecting some like the table of General Narváez, gift of Juan Carlos I to Adolfo Suárez located in the Prime Minister's Office) and hung pictures of contemporary authors on the walls. Mariano Rajoy and his wife did not make many changes that are known, beyond changing the vases of the flowers.
Before September 19, 2018, the entrance to the palace by the public were not allowed. Only accred personnel like journalists or public servants were allowed to enter along with universities, high schools and primary schools students. These latter usually make a short tour to know the gardens and the Press Center.
Since september 2018, the new PM Pedro Sánchez allow the public to visit the Complex, not only the Press Room and the Council of Minister's Room but the main builidings of the Complex, including the Deputy PM's Office, the Ministry of the Presidency building and the Prime Minister Chief of Staff's Office. 
The requirements to visit the governmental complex is to be a Spanish citizen or to live in Spain, ask for a date, show the guards the ID and leave in the entrance all electronic devices.
The security of the complex is carried out by the Department of Security of the Presidency of the Government, a government body responsible for the protection of the Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister, Government's Ministers and former Prime Ministers, along with their families. It also gives protection to the Moncloa Complex and the private and public residences of the members of the Government.
The Prime Minister's Office lies within the Moncloa Palace. It is staffed by a mix of career Civil Servants and Advisers. The highest ranking of the Office is the Chief of Staff which is a political appointment on which the rest of the Office officials depend.
|Position||Current holder||Term started|
|Moncloa Chief of Staff||Iván Redondo||8 June 2018|
|Spokesperson of the Government||Isabel Celaá||7 June 2018|
|Secretary of State of Press||Miguel Ángel Oliver||8 June 2018|
|Deputy Chief of Staff||Andrea Gavela Llopis||27 June 2018|
|Secretary General of the Prime Minister's Office||Félix Bolaños García||9 June 2018|
|Secretary General for International Affairs, European Union, G20 and Global Security||José Manuel Albares Bueno||19 June 2018|
|Director of the Homeland Security Department||Miguel Ángel Ballesteros||19 June 2018|
|Director for Analysis and Studies||Francisco José Salazar Rodríguez||19 June 2018|
|Director of the Protocol Department||Andrés Costilludo Gómez||12 July 2014|
|Director of the Security Department||María Marcos Salvador||14 September 2018|
|High Commissioner for the fight against child poverty||Pau Vicent Marí Klose||14 September 2018|
|High Commissioner for the 2030 Agenda||Cristina Gallach||7 July 2018|