Order of the Elephant

Order of the Elephant
Elefantordenen
Badge of the Order of the Elephant (heraldry).svg
Badge of the Order of the Elephant.
Awarded by
Royal coat of arms of Denmark.svg
Sovereign of Denmark
TypeChivalric order in one class
MottoMagnanimi Pretium
(Latin: The prize of greatness)
Awarded forAt the Monarch's pleasure
StatusCurrently constituted
SovereignSovereign of Denmark
GradesR.E.(Ridder af Elefantordenen)
Statistics
First induction1768 Denmark Frederick VI of Denmark
Last induction2018 France President Macron of France
Precedence
Next (higher)None (Highest)
Next (lower)Order of the Dannebrog
Orderelefant ribbon.png
Order of the Elephant ribbon
Collar of the Order of the Elephant.
The Blome family coat of arms with the Order's collar on gravestone in Heiligenstedten

The Order of the Elephant (Danish: Elefantordenen) is a Danish order of chivalry and is Denmark's highest-ranked honour. It has origins in the 15th century, but has officially existed since 1693, and since the establishment of constitutional monarchy in 1849, is now almost exclusively used to honour royalty and heads of state.[1]

History[]

A Danish religious confraternity called the Fellowship of the Mother of God, limited to about fifty members of the Danish aristocracy, was founded during the reign of Christian I during the 15th century. The badge of the confraternity showed the Virgin Mary holding her Son within a crescent moon and surrounded with the rays of the sun, and was hung from a collar of links in the form of elephants much like the present collar of the Order. After the Reformation in 1536 the confraternity died out, but a badge in the form of an elephant with his profile on its right side was still awarded by Frederick II.[2] This latter badge may have been inspired by the badge of office of the chaplain of the confraternity which is known to have been in the form of an elephant. The order was instituted in its current form on 1 December 1693 by King Christian V as having only one class consisting of only 30 noble knights in addition to the Grand Master (i.e., the king) and his sons.[3] The statutes of the order were amended in 1958 by a Royal Ordinance so that both men and women could be members of the order.

The elephant and castle design derives from an elephant carrying a howdah, the familiar castle replacing the unfamiliar howdah, and finds use elsewhere in European iconography, as discussed at howdah.

Composition[]

The Danish monarch is the head of the order. The members of the royal family are members of the order, and foreign heads of state are also inducted. In very exceptional circumstances a commoner may also be admitted. The most recent member of the order who was neither a current or former head of state nor royal was Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller, a leading industrialist and philanthropist.

The order of the Elephant has one class: Knight of the Order of the Elephant (Ridder af Elefantordenen, usually abbreviated as R.E. in letters et cetera). Knights of the order are granted a place in the 1st Class of the Danish order of precedence.

Insignia and habits[]

Coat of arms of Frederick IV of Denmark and Norway surrounded by the collars of the Order of the Elephant and the Order of the Dannebrog

Upon the death of a Knight of the Order of the Elephant, the insignia of the order must be returned. There are a few exceptions known.

Current knights and officers[]

Sovereign of the Royal Danish Orders of Chivalry[]

Current Knights of the Elephant listed by date of appointment[]

Officers of the Chapter of the Royal Danish Orders of Chivalry[]

Other notable knights[]

Previous knights have included:[10]

Fictional Members[]

See also[]

Order of the Elephant [19] and Order of the Elephant Star.
Order of the Elephant of Frederik II.
Order of the Elephant of Christian IV.
Order of the Elephant of Christian V, miniature.
Order of the Elephant of Frederik VII, miniature.
Order of Dannebrog and Order of Dannebrog Star.
Ordre de l'Union Parfaite.[20]

References[]

  1. ^ "The Royal Orders of Chivalry". The Danish Monarchy. 14 January 2011. Archived from the original on 9 March 2011. Retrieved 1 March 2011.
  2. ^ Rosenborg Slot - Objects[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ The knights of the Order were often called the Blue Knights (in reference to the color of their ribbon), as opposed to the White Knights (again, in reference to the color of their ribbon) of the junior Danish order of chivalry, the Order of the Dannebrog, also instituted by Christian V.
  4. ^ In an article entitled "Has anyone seen our elephant?" The July 1, 2004 issue of the Copenhagen Post reported that the original mold for the elephant badge had been stolen from the court jeweler, Georg Jensen.
  5. ^ Originally this cross was formed of six brilliant cut diamonds, but at present it is formed of six small hemispherical silver beads.
  6. ^ i.e., at Danish coronations.
  7. ^ "Photobucket".
  8. ^ Official List of Knights of the Order of the Elephant Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine.. (in Danish)
  9. ^ http://www.gettyimages.pt/detail/fotografia-de-notícias/prince-henrik-of-denmark-president-enrique-pena-fotografia-de-notícias/520931602 Getty Images].(in Danish)
  10. ^ Jørgen Pedersen (2009). Riddere af Elefantordenen, 1559-2009 (in Danish). Syddansk Universitetsforlag. ISBN 978-87-7674-434-2.
  11. ^ Salmonsens Konversationsleksikon, entry "Tycho Brahe" (in Danish)
  12. ^ Salmonsens Konversationsleksikon, entry "Heinrich Rantzau" (in Danish)
  13. ^ Journal of the Royal Armoury (in Danish). Aktiebolaget Thule. 1970. p. 170.
  14. ^ Jørgen Pedersen (2009). Riddere af Elefantordenen, 1559–2009 (in Danish). Syddansk Universitetsforlag. p. 470. ISBN 978-87-7674-434-2.
  15. ^ a b c Birger A. Andersen (20 April 2012). "Nu vil Margrethe have Mærsks Elefantorden tilbage". www.bt.dk.
  16. ^ a b Rick Steves (25 June 2013). Rick Steves' Snapshot Copenhagen & the Best of Denmark. Avalon Travel. pp. 104–. ISBN 1-59880-632-7.
  17. ^ a b Slater, Stephen (2013). The Illustrated Book of Heraldry. Wigston, Leicestershire: Lorenz Books. p. 225. ISBN 978-0-7548-2659-0.
  18. ^ Jan Körner (2 February 2011). "Folkets fjender... Margrethes venner". ekstrabladet.dk.
  19. ^ "Order of the Elephant". Retrieved 2015-12-17.
  20. ^ "Ordre de l'Union Parfaite". Retrieved 2015-12-17.

External links[]

Media related to Order of the Elephant at Wikimedia Commons