Okutama, Tokyo

Okutama

奥多摩町
Okutama Town Hall
Okutama Town Hall
Flag of Okutama
Flag
Official seal of Okutama
Seal
Location of Okutama in Tokyo
Location of Okutama in Tokyo
Okutama is located in Japan
Okutama
Okutama
 
Coordinates: 35°48′34.4″N 139°5′46.3″E / 35.809556°N 139.096194°E / 35.809556; 139.096194Coordinates: 35°48′34.4″N 139°5′46.3″E / 35.809556°N 139.096194°E / 35.809556; 139.096194
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureTokyo
DistrictNishitama
Area
 • Total225.53 km2 (87.08 sq mi)
Population
 (February 2016)
 • Total5,177
 • Density23/km2 (60/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• TreeCryptomeria
• FlowerAzalea
• BirdCopper pheasant
Phone number042-557-0501
Address215-6 Hikawa, Okutama-machi, Nishitama-gun, Tokyo 198-0212
Websitewww.town.okutama.tokyo.jp
Fishing is popular in Okutama.

Okutama (奥多摩町, Oku-Tama-machi) is a town located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 February 2016, the town had an estimated population of 5,177, and a population density of 23 persons per km2. Its total area is 225.53 square kilometres (87.08 sq mi)[1].

Geography[]

Okutama is located in the Okutama Mountains of far western Tokyo. It is geographically the largest municipality in Tokyo. Mount Kumotori, Tokyo's highest peak at 2017 m, divides Okutama from the Okuchichibu region of the neighboring Saitama and Yamanashi Prefectures. Tokyo's northernmost and westernmost points lie in Okutama, as does Lake Okutama, an important source of water for Tokyo, situated above the Ogōchi Dam in the town.[2]

Mountains[]

Rivers[]

Lakes[]

Surrounding municipalities[]

Climate[]

Climate data for Lake Okutama (1981 - 2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.8
(64.0)
20.9
(69.6)
22.5
(72.5)
30.6
(87.1)
33.0
(91.4)
34.3
(93.7)
35.8
(96.4)
36.4
(97.5)
35.0
(95.0)
29.1
(84.4)
23.8
(74.8)
22.1
(71.8)
36.4
(97.5)
Average high °C (°F) 6.7
(44.1)
7.1
(44.8)
10.3
(50.5)
16.3
(61.3)
20.5
(68.9)
23.0
(73.4)
26.8
(80.2)
28.2
(82.8)
23.9
(75.0)
18.4
(65.1)
13.8
(56.8)
9.3
(48.7)
17.1
(62.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.3
(34.3)
1.8
(35.2)
5.0
(41.0)
10.6
(51.1)
15.1
(59.2)
18.5
(65.3)
22.0
(71.6)
23.2
(73.8)
19.5
(67.1)
13.8
(56.8)
8.5
(47.3)
3.8
(38.8)
11.9
(53.4)
Average low °C (°F) −2.7
(27.1)
−2.3
(27.9)
0.6
(33.1)
5.6
(42.1)
10.5
(50.9)
14.8
(58.6)
18.7
(65.7)
19.7
(67.5)
16.3
(61.3)
10.3
(50.5)
4.6
(40.3)
−0.1
(31.8)
8.19
(46.74)
Record low °C (°F) −9.3
(15.3)
−11.6
(11.1)
−8.1
(17.4)
−3.8
(25.2)
0.7
(33.3)
8.8
(47.8)
12.4
(54.3)
14.2
(57.6)
6.2
(43.2)
1.0
(33.8)
−2.1
(28.2)
−6.2
(20.8)
−11.6
(11.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 44.1
(1.74)
50.0
(1.97)
92.5
(3.64)
109.6
(4.31)
120.3
(4.74)
155.7
(6.13)
195.4
(7.69)
280.6
(11.05)
271.3
(10.68)
172.4
(6.79)
76.7
(3.02)
39.9
(1.57)
1,623.5
(63.92)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 4.8 5.9 10.6 10.2 11.2 13.8 15.4 12.5 13.9 10.6 6.9 4.0 119.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 147.1 127.7 132.2 161.8 154.9 109.8 127.6 148.3 99.1 94.5 122.1 145.6 1,570.7
Source #1: 気象庁
Source #2: 観測史上1〜10位の値(年間を通じての値)

History[]

Prehistory[]

People began settling in Okutama from before the Jōmon Period and many archaeological sites have been found with ancient pottery. During the Yayoi period, rice cultivation began in the flatter lands of present-day Okutama, but most of the area remained covered by forests and only small flat lands existed.[7]

Premodern period[]

During the Edo period, the area included in present-day Okutama was divided into 16 villages within Musashi Province. In each village, there was one person who served as the mayor, another who served as the leader of a particular group, and another who served as a representative for the farmers. Also, entering Mount Takanosu was forbidden for people of low rank during this time. This was because the people of high rank (government officials and such) hunted with hawks at the mountain, and the officials wanted to keep the hunting grounds for themselves.[7]

Modern Times[]

With the start of the Meiji period, the area of Okutama became part of Nirayama Prefecture except for Kotaba village, which was merged into Maebashi Domain, which then became part of Gunma Prefecture. While Kotaba village was turned into part of Maebashi city, the Okutama area was divided into three villages of Hikawa, Kori, and Ogouchi with the establishment of the municipalities system on April 1, 1889. In 1940, Hikawa was elevated to town status. In 1955, Hikawa town, Ogouchi village and Kori village were united, forming the town of Okutama.[7]

Economy[]

Seasonal tourism, forestry and charcoal production are mainstays of the local economy.

Education[]

Okutama has two elementary and two middle schools. The town does not have a high school.

Transportation[]

Okutama Station

Railway[]

The East Japan Railway Company serves the town. The Ōme line, which connects the town with Tachikawa, terminates at Okutama Station.

Bus[]

The Nishi Tokyo Bus Co. carries passengers to Lake Okutama, the Nippara Limestone Cave, Tabayama village and Kosuge village (both in Yamanashi Prefecture) from Okutama Station.

Highway[]

Sister city relations[]

Local attractions[]

A forest in the Okuchichibu Mountains

All of the town is located in Chichibu-Tama-Kai National Park.

View of Mount Kumotori from Mount Nanatsuishi

References[]

  1. ^ 東京都奥多摩町ホームページ
  2. ^ 考える社会科地図 Kangaeru Shakaika Chizu. 四谷大塚出版 Yotsuya-Ōtsuka Shuppan. 2005. p. 113.
  3. ^ 奥多摩町観光案内-奥多摩トレッキングコース-雲取山
  4. ^ 奥多摩町観光案内-奥多摩トレッキングコース-御前山・三頭山 Archived 2007-11-15 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ 奥多摩町観光案内-奥多摩トレッキングコース-大岳山・御岳山
  6. ^ 奥多摩町観光案内-奥多摩トレッキングコース-川苔山
  7. ^ a b c Introduction to Okutama Archived 2007-08-24 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ 楽しく学ぶ小学生の地図帳 Tanoshiku Manabu Shogakusei no Chizucho. 帝国書院 Teikoku-Shoin. 2004. p. 37.
  9. ^ http://ridgelineimages.com/sightseeing/10-lesser-known-places-visit-near-tokyo/

External links[]