Nurul Izzah Anwar
|نور العزة أنوار|
|Vice President of the People's Justice Party|
|Assumed office |
20 July 2022
28 November 2010 – 17 December 2018
|President||Wan Azizah Wan Ismail |
|Chairwoman of the Consideration of Bills Select Committee|
4 December 2018 – 18 July 2019
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Ramkarpal Singh|
|Member of the Malaysian Parliament|
for Permatang Pauh
|Assumed office |
9 May 2018
|Preceded by||Wan Azizah Wan Ismail |
|Member of the Malaysian Parliament|
for Lembah Pantai
8 March 2008 – 9 May 2018
|Preceded by||Shahrizat Abdul Jalil |
|Succeeded by||Fahmi Fadzil |
|Majority||2,895 (2008) |
|Faction represented in Dewan Rakyat|
|2008–2018||People's Justice Party|
Nurul Izzah binti Anwar
19 November 1980
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
|Political party||People's Justice Party (PKR)|
|Pakatan Harapan (PH) |
Pakatan Rakyat (PR)
Raja Ahmad Shahrir Iskandar Raja Salim
(m. 2003; div. 2015)
Yin Shao Loong
|Parent(s)||Anwar Ibrahim (father) |
Wan Azizah Wan Ismail (mother)
|Residence(s)||Bandar Sungai Long, Selangor|
|Alma mater||University Tenaga Nasional (BE)|
Johns Hopkins University (MA)
|Nickname(s)||Princess of Reformasi (Puteri Reformasi)|
Nurul Izzah binti Anwar (Jawi: نور العزة بنت أنوار; born 19 November 1980), nicknamed Princess of Reformasi, is a Malaysian politician who has served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Permatang Pauh since May 2018 and for Lembah Pantai from March 2008 to May 2018. A member of the People's Justice Party (PKR), a component party of the Pakatan Harapan (PH) and formerly Pakatan Rakyat (PR) opposition coalitions. She has also served as the Vice President of PKR from November 2010 to her resignation in December 2018 and again since July 2022. She also served as Chairwoman of the Consideration of Bills Select Committee from December 2018 to July 2019. She is the daughter of Leader of the Opposition, President of PKR and Port Dickson MP Anwar Ibrahim and Chairwoman of the PKR Advisory Body and Pandan MP Wan Azizah Wan Ismail who are also both the former deputy prime ministers.
Nurul Izzah is the daughter of Anwar Ibrahim, former Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia and current President of PKR. Her mother, Wan Azizah Wan Ismail, was the outgoing President of the party and former Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia and also former Minister of Women, Family and Community Development.
Prior to being an MP, Nurul Izzah was and still is a strong proponent of human and civil rights with a special interest in prisoners of religious prejudice. Prior to entering politics, Nurul Izzah earned her master's degree from the School for Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University studying International Relations specializing in Southeast Asia Studies. Her bachelor's degree was in Electrical and Electronic Engineering from the Universiti Tenaga Nasional where she graduated from in 2003, two days after her father, Anwar Ibrahim, was released from six years imprisonment.
Nurul Izzah's political career began with the creation of the People's Justice Party (KEADILAN or PKR) in 1999 where she played a vital role in its establishment and, up until December 2018, was on her second term as highest ranking Vice President Elect, as well as the party's Election Director – a post she holds jointly with Saifuddin Nasution Ismail (former Party Secretary-General).
Nurul Izzah is the founding member for the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement Caucus; and Women's Caucus respectively. She also holds the position of Honorary Treasurer on behalf of the Inter-Parliamentary Union Malaysia. She has also moved the Parliamentary Bill in Malaysia's Parliament to Revoke Emergency Declarations in the country, including the eventual abolishment of the Internal Security Act – all of which were adopted by the Prime Minister six months later. Granted, other laws were then re-introduced, in line with Malaysia's semi-autocratic regime.
Nurul Izzah is also a Board of Director for the Centre of Reform, Democracy and Social Initiatives and has founded Akademi Manusiawi, a training centre for future activists and politicians.
Nurul Izzah has worked with a number of agencies and institutes on advocacy work, among them are the Muslim Youth Movement of Malaysia (ABIM), Suara Rakyat Malaysia (SUARAM), Women Leaders International Forum (WLIF) and Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES). She has in the past advocated on behalf of Malaysian political prisoners and Malaysian human rights movements at the international level, most noted being an intervention in the main session at the 55th Commission on Human Rights, Geneva.
On 20 July 2022, 3 days after the PKR party elections officially ended, she was appointed to the PKR vice presidency along with two new officeholders Putatan MP Awang Husaini Sahari and Saraswathy Kandasamy which she resigned nearly 4 years prior on 17 December 2018.
In the 2008 general election, Nurul Izzah contested the seat of Lembah Pantai in Kuala Lumpur. There was speculation that she ran for the seat with the intention of handing it over to her father, who was disqualified from running for office until April 2008, though she quickly rejected such claims. The seat was defended by three-term incumbent Shahrizat Abdul Jalil, who was Minister for Women, Family and Community Development in the Barisan Nasional government. Initial reports suggested that Shahrizat would retain the seat, as she had been a popular minister, and in the 2004 election retained her seat with a majority of 15,288. However, on polling day, Nurul Izzah won 21,728 votes to Shahrizat's 18,833, and was elected as the new MP for Lembah Pantai. The defeat of the powerful three-term incumbent by a new face was one of the many surprises in the 2008 election, which saw significant losses of parliamentary seats by the ruling party. When her father returned to electoral politics he did so by replacing his wife and Nurul Izzah's mother, Wan Azizah, in a by-election for the Penang-based seat of Permatang Pauh.
In November 2010, Nurul Izzah was elected one of the vice-presidents of Parti Keadilan Rakyat. She was narrowly returned to Parliament in the 2013 election. The governing Barisan Nasional coalition had targeted her by fielding the incumbent Federal Territories Minister Raja Nong Chik Zainal Abidin as its candidate against her in a high-profile campaign.
In November 2015, Princess Jacel Kiram and Nurul Izzah posted a photo demanding Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak to free opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim which was received negatively in the media, prompting Nurul Izzah to apologize.
Nurul Izzah married Raja Ahmad Shahrir on 9 May 2003, and has two children together, namely Raja Safiyah and Raja Harith. They were officially divorced by the Syariah High Court in January 2015.
She later remarried Yin Shao Loong, on the 5 August 2022.
|2008||P121 Lembah Pantai,
|Nurul Izzah Anwar
|21,728||52.62%||Shahrizat Abdul Jalil (UMNO)||18,833||45.61%||41,289||2,895||72.88%|
|Periasamy Nagarathnam (IND)||489||1.18%|
|2013||Nurul Izzah Anwar
|31,008||51.39%||Raja Nong Chik Zainal Abidin (UMNO)||29,161||48.33%||61,048||1,847||84.30%|
|Rosli Baba (IND)||167||0.28%|
|2018||P44 Permatang Pauh,
|Nurul Izzah Anwar
|35,534||50.89%||Zaidi Mohd Said (UMNO)||19,866||28.45%||69,828||15,668||86.18%|
|Afnan Hamimi Taib Azamudden (PAS)||14,428||20.66%|