Nippon Budokan (, often shortened to simply 日本武道館, Nippon Budōkan) Budokan, is an indoor arena located in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan. Budokan was originally built for the judo competition in the 1964 Summer Olympics, hence its name, which translates in English as Martial Arts Hall. Its primary purpose is to host martial arts contests and for a time was a popular venue for Japanese professional wrestling. It has hosted numerous other sporting events such as the 1967 Women's Volleyball World Championship and other events such as musical concerts.
A number of famous
rock music acts have played at Budokan. The Beatles were the first rock group to play there, in a series of concerts held between June 30 and July 2, 1966. Another big act to enter the stage at Budokan were ABBA. They ended their last tour there, ABBA: The Tour. Their final show, on March 27, 1980, also came to be the last live concert they did together. Several live albums were recorded at Budokan, including releases by Bryan Adams, Bob Dylan, Eric Clapton, Cheap Trick, Dream Theater, John Hiatt, Kiss, Mr. Big, Ozzy Osbourne, Judas Priest, Journey and Deep Purple.
Location [ ]
The Nippon Budokan is located in
Kitanomaru Park in the center of Tokyo, two minutes' walking distance from Kudanshita Subway Station, and near the Imperial Palace and Yasukuni Shrine. The 42 m (140 ft) high octagonal structure holds 14,471 people (arena seats: 2,946, 1st floor seats: 3,199, 2nd floor seats: 7,846, standee: 480). The building is modeled after  Yumedono (Hall of Dreams) in Hōryū-ji in Nara.
Venue history [ ]
Martial arts [ ]
The 57th Japan National
Championship (November 3, 2009)
The Nippon Budokan during the cherry blossom season
Although it also functions as a venue for big musical events, its primary purpose is for Japanese
martial arts. The national championships of the different branches of the martial arts ( judo, kendo, karate, aikido, etc.) are held annually at the Budokan. The Budokan has also been associated with professional wrestling's big shows, typically from All Japan Pro Wrestling and Pro Wrestling Noah. However, due to declining business following the death of Mitsuharu Misawa and the retirement of Kenta Kobashi, professional wrestling has ceased running regular shows in the Budokan. During Wrestle Kingdom 12, New Japan Pro Wrestling announced that its yearly G1 Climax tournament's finals would be held at the Budokan.
Muhammad Ali vs. Antonio Inoki hybrid rules fight held at the Budokan in 1976 is seen as a forerunner to mixed martial arts. K-1, Shooto and Pride Fighting Championships have all held events at the arena.
Music [ ]
A concert stage at Budokan
The Beatles were the first rock group to perform at Budokan in a series of five shows held between June 30 and July 2, 1966. Their appearances were met with opposition from those who felt the appearance of a western pop group would defile the martial arts arena. 
In July 1973 Japanese television recorded the
Santana performance at Budokan.
The Budokan gained worldwide fame when American artists
Cheap Trick and Bob Dylan used the arena to record their performances, (1978) and Cheap Trick at Budokan (1979). The venue is popular for recording live albums because it has good acoustics, is relatively large and Japanese audiences are known for being highly appreciative when appropriate but quiet during performances Bob Dylan at Budokan .  Eric Clapton described the Tokyo audience as "almost overappreciative" in interviews promoting (1980), his own live album recorded at the Budokan.
Just One Night
The record for the most Budokan music concerts is held by
Eikichi Yazawa, 142 times as of December 19, 2017.
Artists that have released live recordings from the venue include:
1970s [ ]
Led Zeppelin; September 23 and 24, 1971 and October 2 and 3, 1972.
Chicago; June 8, 1972.
Uriah Heep; 1973, (Live concert filmed on 16mm for television. DVD versions available ) 
Deep Purple; 1972; for the last of the three concerts making up their live album. Made in Japan
The Moody Blues; January 18, 1974
The Carpenters; June 7–9, 1974; Live in Japan
Queen; 1975, 1976, and 1979.
Rainbow; December 16, 1976; Rainbow performed here both afternoon and evening shows at 3:00 pm and 6:00 p.m. On Stage
Aerosmith; 1977 (Jan-Feb); see the Japanese record Rocks Budokan (label Calm&Storm).
Fleetwood Mac; December 5, 1977 and February 3, 4th and 5, 1980
Bay City Rollers; 1977; released as Rollerworld: Live at the Budokan 1977 in 2001.
Pink Lady; 1977 ( ) and 1979 ( Bye Bye Carnival ). Live in Budokan
Kiss; 1977 and 1978.
Cheap Trick; April 27, 28 and 30, 1978; (and the later-released 1998 album Cheap Trick at Budokan at Budokan: The Complete Concert).
Ian Gillan Band; 1977–1978; (Vols. 1-2). Live at the Budokan
Eric Clapton; December 1979; . Just One Night
Diana Ross; 1977; "An Evening with Diana Ross" concert was videotaped during her 1977 tour.
Coloratura Soprano Julie Andrews; 1977 "An Evening with Julie Andrews" concert was part of a highly acclaimed sold out national tour of Japan by Julie Andrews
Eikichi Yazawa; 1977; Super Live Nippon Budokan, recorded his Budokan concerts of 1977.
Gregg Allman Band and Cher ; June 29, 1977
Bob Dylan; 1979; , recorded during his 1978 world tour. Bob Dylan at Budokan Earth, Wind & Fire; 1979.
1980s [ ]
Sadao Watanabe; 1980; How's Everything.
Momoe Yamaguchi; 1980; Budokan at Last
Yellow Magic Orchestra; 1980; Live at Budokan 1980, recorded 1980, released 1993.
The Police; 1981; Budokan Radio On, released 1988.
Michael Schenker Group; 1981; , released in 1982, deluxe ion released in 2009 One Night at Budokan
Quincy Jones; 1981; Quincy Jones Live at the Budokan.
Journey; 1982; "Escape Tour". 1983; "Frontiers Tour".
Toto; 1982; Live at Budokan 1982, Toto IV Tour.
Spinal Tap; 1982; ‘’Smell The Glove Tour’’.
Dave Grusin; 1983; Dave Grusin and the NY-LA Dream Band.
Michael Schenker Group; 1982; . One Night at Budokan
Asia; 1983; , Live at Budokan . Asia in Asia
Gary Moore; 1984; We Want Moore! during the Victims of the Future tour in 1984, remastered 2002 (Budokan was one of the 4 or 5 different venues where this album was recorded)
Frank Sinatra; 1985; Live at the Budokan Hall, Tokyo
Queen; 1981 and 1985.
Judas Priest; 1986; "Fuel for Life Tour"
Iron Maiden; 1987, "Somewhere on tour"
Dead or Alive; 1987 video Rip It Up Live (VHS/Laserdisc)
Kiss; 1988; "Crazy Nights Tour" Stryper 1989; “In God we trust tour“ BURNING FLAME RECORDING
1990s [ ]
2000s [ ]
Bryan Adams; 2000; . Live at the Budokan
Morning Musume; 2000; DVD Morning Musume First Live at Budōkan: Dancing Love Site 2000 Haru (Also Sayaka Ichii's graduation from the group)
Malice Mizer; 2-night stint at the Budokan in support of , which yielded their live video Bara no Seidou Bara ni Irodorareta Akui to Higeki no Makuake.
Bay City Rollers; 2001; Rollerworld, Live at the Budokan 1977, released as Rollerworld: Live at the Budokan 1977 in 2001.
Ozzy Osbourne; 2002; filmed CD/DVD combination . Live at Budokan
Pearl Jam; 2003; recorded an official bootleg at Budokan during their Riot Act Tour (for further information see: Pearl Jam#). Riot Act: 2002–2005
Duran Duran; July 11 + 12, 2003; played at Budokan; shows recorded live  
Mariah Carey; 2003; performed three concert shows, part of her Charmbracelet World Tour on July 6, 8 and 10.
Incubus; March 3, 2004; performed at Budokan and show recorded as CD on June 1, 2004 Live in Japan 2004
Dream Theater; 2004; 2DVD/3CD . Live at Budokan
Hikaru Utada; July 28, 2004; video . Utada Hikaru in Budokan 2004: Hikaru no 5
Judas Priest; 2005; DVD . Rising in the East
Nana Mizuki; 2005; DVD . Nana Mizuki Live Rainbow at Budokan
Avril Lavigne; 2005; DVD , Live at Budokan: Bonez Tour . Bonez Tour
Hikaru Utada; 2006; video ( Utada United 2006 Hikaru Utada discography#Video Releases)
Nana Mizuki; 2006; DVD . Nana Mizuki Livedom -Birth- at Budokan
MUCC; 2006; DVD World Tour Final Nippon Budokan 666
Morning Musume; 2006; DVD Morning Musume Concert Tour 2006 Aki: Odore! Morning Curry
The Gazette; 2006; DVD Standing Live Tour 2006 [Nameless Liberty. Six Guns...] Tour Final at Nippon Budokan.
TM Network; 2007; video TM Network -Remaster- at Nippon Budokan 2007.
TVXQ; 2007; Tohoshinki 2nd Live Tour 2007: Five in the Black.
Perfume; 2008; "Budokaaaaaaaaaan!!!!!".
Joe Hisaishi; 2008; Joe Hisaishi in Budokan – 25 years with the Animations of Hayao Miyazaki.
Flow; 2008; Flow Live Tour 2007–2008 'Isle' Final at Nippon Budokan
Chatmonchy; 2008; [Restaurant Main Dish] Live at : Budokan 2008.
Nana Mizuki; 2009; Blu-ray/DVD . Nana Mizuki Live Diamond x Fever
MUCC; 2009; DVD -MUCC Live Chronicle 3 "Kyutai" in Nippon Budokan-
Mr. Big; 2009; live CD/DVD . Back to Budokan
AKB48; 2009; AKB104 Senbatsu Members Sokaku Matsuri The Pillows; 2009; live DVD . Lostman Go to Budokan
2010s [ ]
Dir En Grey; January 9-10, 2010; live DVD Uroboros: With the Proof in the Name of Living... At Nippon Budokan.
Backstreet Boys; February 18, 2010; recorded live DVD on the Backstreet Boys: This Is Us Japan Tour 2010 . This Is Us Tour
Nico Touches the Walls; March 12, 2010; "Walls is Auroras" LIVE.
Polysics; March 14, 2010; Budokan or Die!!!! 2010.3.14
One Ok Rock; 2010; live DVD This Is My Budokan?!. 
Morning Musume; 2011; Ai Takahashi's graduation concert "Ai Believe ~Takahashi Ai Graduation Memory Special~.
F.T. Island; 2011; Live in Budokan 'Summer Mesengger Tour'.
MUCC; 2011; live DVD Chemical Parade
Judas Priest; February 16 & 17, 2012; Epitaph World Tour
2PM; 2012; 2PM Six Beautiful Day Live in Budokan
Milky Holmes; 2012; Milky Holmes Live in Budokan
Lee Seung-gi; 2012; First Japan Live in Budokan Kidou (Hope). 
T-ara; 2012; Live in Budokan, recording of a concert performed as part of their Jewelry Box tour
Dream Morning Musume; March 10, 2012; Dream Morning Musume Special Live 2012 Nippon Budokan~Dai 1 Shou Shuumaku 'Yuusha tachi, Shuugou seyo'
U-KISS; 2012; live DVD . U-KISS Live in Budokan
Morning Musume; 2012; Risa Niigaki and Aika Mitsui's graduation concert Ultra Smart.
Scandal; March 28, 2012; Japan Title Match Live 2012: Scandal vs Budokan Sonar Pocket; August 3, 2012;
Sonapokeizm Special - Natsu no Jin - in Nippon Budokan
Acid Black Cherry; 2012; "Live DVD Acid Black Cherry Tour 『2012』".
Spyair; December 18, 2012;
Morning Musume; 2013; Reina Tanaka's graduation concert, Michishige☆Eleven Soul.
°C-ute; 2013; Queen of J-Pop ~Tadoritsuita Onna Senshi~.
AKB48; 2013; AKB48 Group Rinji Soukai "Shirokuro tsukeyou janai ka!"
T-ara; 2013; . T-ara Japan Tour 2013: Treasure Box
Morning Musume; 2013; ~Chance!~
Berryz Kobo; 2013; Berryz Koubou 10 Shuunen Kinen Budokan Special Live ~Yappari Anata Nashi de wa Ikite Yukenai~
AKB48 Group Research Students; 2013; AKB48 Group Kenkyuusei Concert ~Oshimen Hayai Mono Gachi~
Super Junior KRY; 2013; Special Japan tour Super Junior K.R.Y. Special Winter Concert
Mamoru Miyano; October 4, 2013; MAMORU MIYANO SPECIAL LIVE 2013 ～TRAVELING!～ first male voice actor to uphold a one man show in Budokan 
LiSA; January 3, 2014; Live Is Smile Always - Kyo mo Ii Hi Da - In Nippon Budokan 
Avril Lavigne; February 4 and 5, 2014: The Avril Lavigne Tour
Babymetal; March 1 and 2, 2014 ; Live at Budokan: Red Night & Black Night Apocalypse
Dir En Grey; March 8–9, 2014; Dum Spiro Spero at Nippon Budokan
S/mileage; July 15, 2014; S/mileage Live 2014 Natsu Full Charge ~715 Nippon Budokan~
Junho (from 2PM); August 12 and 13, 2014; "Feel" Solo Tour in Japan 2014
Dish; January 1, 2015
LiSA; January 10 and 12, 2015; LiVE is Smile Always - PiNK & BLACK - in Nippon Budokan 
Silent Siren; January 17, 2015; Silent Siren Live Tour 2014–2015 Fuyu ~Budokan e Go! Siren Go!~ at Budokan
Oldcodex; February 11, 2015; "Capture" in Budokan
Mamoru Miyano; 2015; MAMORU MIYANO LIVE TOUR 2015 ～AMAZING!～ final at Budokan 
Kalafina; February 28, 2015; Kalafina Live Best 2015 "Red Day". March 1, 2015; Kalafina Live Best 2015 "Blue Day"
The Gazette; March 3, 2015; 13th Anniversary Nippon Budokan
Judas Priest; March 11, 2015; Redeemer of Souls Tour
Kana-Boon; March 31, 2015
Morning Musume; May 27, 2015; ~Gradation~. 己龍 (Kiryu); July 31, 2015
Hatsune Miku; September 4–5, 2015; Magical Mirai.
Eir Aoi; November 2, 2015; Eir Aoi Special Live 2015 World of Blue at Nippon Budokan
Angerme; November 29, 2015, Angerme First Concert Tour 2015 Aki "Hyakka Ryouran" ~Fukuda Kanon Sotsugyou Special~
Morning Musume; December 7–8, 2015; ~Prism~.
Dish; January 1–2, 2016; 4 Monkey Magic.
Wagakki Band; January 6, 2016; Dai Shinnenkai 2016 Nippon Budokan -Akatsuki no Utage-.
Scandal; January 12–13, 2016; SCANDAL ARENA TOUR 2015–2016 「PERFECT WORLD」
Mamoru Miyano; 2016; MAMORU MIYANO LIVE TOUR 2015-16 ～GENERATING!～ final at Budokan 
Dir En Grey; February 5–6, 2016; Arche at Nippon Budokan
iKon; February 15–16, 2016; iKoncert 2016: Showtime Tour
Symphogear; February 27–28, 2016; Symphogear Live 2016
YuiKaori; March 12, 2016; RAINBOW CANARY!! ～Brightest Stage～
Shouta Aoi; March 13, 2016; Wonder Lab. ~Bokutachi no Sign~
Aya Uchida; August 13, 2016; AYA UCHIDA Complete LIVE 〜COLORS〜 in Nippon Budokan
Kalafina; September 16–17, 2016; Kalafina Arena LIVE 2016
Queen + Adam Lambert; September 21–23; Queen + Adam Lambert 2016 Summer Festival Tour
Suzuko Mimori; October 27–28, 2016; Mimori Suzuko Live Tour 2016 "Grand Revue" Final at Nippon Budokan
Eir Aoi; November 4–5, 2016; Eir Aoi 5th Anniversary Special Live 2016 ～Last Blue～ at Nippon Budokan
My First Story; November 18, 2016; We're Just Waiting 4 You Tour 2016 Final at Budokan
Journey; February 7, 2017; recorded live CD/DVD Live in Japan 2017
ClariS; February 10, 2017; ClariS 1st Budōkan Concert ~Futatsu no Kamen to Ushinawareta Taiyō~ (ClariS 1st Budōkan Concert: Two Masks and the Lost Sun)
Versailles; February 14, 2017; Chateau de Versailles at Nippon Budokan
The Oral Cigarettes; June 16, 2017; Unofficial Dining Tour 2017 at Nippon Budokan
Taemin; July 1–2, 2017; TAEMIN The 1st Stage Nippon Budokan
Blackpink; July 20, 2017, Japanese Debut Showcase After the Rain; August 9–10, 2017;
AtR -Clockwise / Anti-Clockwise-
BanG Dream!; August 21, 2017; BanG Dream! 4th☆LIVE Miracle PARTY 2017!
Aimer; August 29, 2017; Live in Budokan "blanc et noir"
Dream Theater; September 11, 2017; Back to Budokan 2017
Nana Mizuki; January 11–21, 2018; NANA MIZUKI LIVE GATE 2018
Kalafina; January 23, 2018; Kalafina 10th Anniversary LIVE 2018 at Nippon Budokan
coldrain; February 6, 2018; FATELESS JAPAN TOUR 2017
Winner; April 28, 2018; WINNER Japan Tour 2018 ~We'll always be young~
Mariah Carey; October 31 and November 1, 2018; #1's Tour (Two sold-out shows)
Maaya Uchida; January 1, 2019; UCHIDA MAAYA New Year LIVE 2019「take you take me BUDOKAN!!」 (Sold out concert)  
Ensemble Stars!; January 13, 2019; Ensemble Stars! Starry Stage 2nd ～in Nippon Budokan～ 
Milky Holmes; January 28, 2019; Milky Holmes Final Live Q.E.D.
Janet Jackson; February 10 and February 11, 2019; State of the World Tour (Two sold-out shows) 
BanG Dream!; February 21–23, 2019; BanG Dream! 7th☆LIVE Inori Minase; June 28–29, 2019; Inori Minase LIVE TOUR 2019 Catch the Rainbow! 
crossover thrash band Stormtroopers of Death released a live album titled (1992), though the title was in jest and the album was recorded at famed New York City venue Live at Budokan The Ritz.
The original Beatles concert is heavily bootlegged on audio and video;
the first night's concert video was officially released by  Apple Records in Japan only as Beatles Concert at Budokan 1966, and excerpts are shown in , while the The Beatles Anthology second included the first show's performances of " Anthology album Rock and Roll Music" and " She's A Woman". The venue is one of the stages in video game. The Beatles: Rock Band  Chatmonchy currently holds the record for the largest crowd at Budokan.
South Korean girl group
T-ara was the first Korean female artist to perform in Nippon Budokan in 2012 and the only Korean female artist to perform there twice in 2013. In 2017, Blackpink became the second such group to perform at the venue.
Other events [ ]
National Memorial Service for War Dead is held with the attendance of the Prime Minister, the Emperor and the Empress annually in Budokan on August 15, the day of Japan's surrender.
As well as holding the Live Concert in appreciation of the Popular Anime series
Lucky Star: Live in Budokan (Anata No Tame Dakara).
A concert was held in honor of
Studio Ghibli's 25th anniversary at the Budokan, hosted by Joe Hisaishi. It included repertoire from most of the films Hisaishi composed for Hayao Miyazaki's Studio Ghibli filmography.
Diana Ross performed and taped her "Here and Now" television special in 1991 to a sold-out audience.
Japan Record Awards took place in the arena from 1985 to 1993 where all of the artists from around the country receive these awards.
Muhammad Ali won a unanimous decision over Mac Foster in their 1972 heavyweight boxing match.
On February 13, 1975, a religious gathering was held to hear Rev.
Sun Myung Moon speak.
On August 27, 2011, Japan's three biggest professional wrestling promotions;
All Japan Pro Wrestling, New Japan Pro Wrestling and Pro Wrestling Noah came together to produce a charity event titled All Together at the arena. On August 10, 11 and 12, 2018 New Japan Pro Wrestling held the final 3 days of the G1 Climax in the Budokan, which marked the first time in 15 years that New Japan has promoted an event there. New Japan once again returned to the arena for the final 3 days of the 2019 G1 Climax.
Professional wrestler and legend in Japan
Kenta Kobashi wrestled his final match in Budokan on May 11, 2013, at an event titled Final Burning in Budokan. Kobashi is synonymous with the arena along with fellow wrestlers Toshiaki Kawada and the late Mitsuharu Misawa.
In November, the Budokan is a two day-venue for the annual
Japan Self-Defense Forces Marching Festival, a yearly tradition and the nation's military tattoo first held here in the fall of 1963. Aside from JSDF bands, foreign armed forces military bands are also invited to join the event.
Other uses [ ]
A fictional concert hall based on Nippon Budokan appeared in the
music video game (2007) under the name " Guitar Hero III: Legends of Rock Kaiju Megadome". The Beatles' appearance at Nippon Budokan was featured in (2009).
The Beatles: Rock Band
Another fictional hall based on the Nippon Budokan appeared in the Japanese pro-wrestling video game
Virtual Pro Wrestling 2: Ōdō Keishō
References [ ]
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"A stacked lineup of shows announced for NJPW in 2018, including a return to the legendary Budokan Hall! | NEW JAPAN PRO-WRESTLING". NJPW.
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"Japan keeps Lennon's memory alive". BBC News. December 8, 2008 . Retrieved . April 7, 2010
(in Japanese). Sponichi Annex 矢沢永吉、今年もヨロシク武道館 止まらない最多更新１４２回へ . Retrieved . July 7, 2017
^ Personal memoir, Todd Fischer
"Janet Jackson The Velvet Rope Tour (1998-1999)". Jackson Source. January 1, 2010 . Retrieved . February 10, 2019
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"see 'other. Archived from '" the original on May 29, 2010.
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"[LiSA]LiVE is Smile Always～PiNK & BLACK～ in 日本武道館「いちごドーナツ」&「ちょこドーナツ」ライブ映像を4週連続で配信スタート☆". www.sma.co.jp.
"MAMORU MIYANO LIVE TOUR 2015 ～AMAZING!～ / 宮野真守". 宮野真守 OFFICIAL WEB SITE.
"MAMORU MIYANO LIVE TOUR 2015-16 ～GENERATING!～ / 宮野真守". 宮野真守 OFFICIAL WEB SITE.
制作者. "2019年1月1日、日本武道館でのライブが決定！ | 内田真礼オフィシャルサイト". 2019年1月1日、日本武道館でのライブが決定！ | 内田真礼オフィシャルサイト (in Japanese) . Retrieved . November 2, 2018
"内田真礼 Official STAFF on Twitter". Twitter . Retrieved . November 24, 2018
"キャストライブ『あんさんぶるスターズ！Starry Stage 2nd 〜in 日本武道館〜』｜スタステ2nd特設サイト". キャストライブ『あんさんぶるスターズ！Starry Stage 2nd 〜in 日本武道館〜』｜スタステ2nd特設サイト (in Japanese) . Retrieved . February 25, 2019
"Janet Jackson State of the World Tour 2019". Creativeman Productions. December 21, 2018 . Retrieved . February 10, 2019
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Unterberger, Richie (2006). The Unreleased Beatles: Music & Film. Hal Leonard Corporation. pp. 321–322. ISBN . 978-0-87930-892-6
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External links [ ]