Ngoya language

Native toAngola
Regionnortheast Cuanza Sul Province
Native speakers
100,000 (2013)[1]
Official status
Recognised minority
language in
Language codes
ISO 639-3None (mis)

Ngoya, also known as Pala (Kibala, Ipala), is a newly recognized language of Angola that since ca. 2010 has been used for national radio broadcasts. It had previously been considered a dialect of Kimbundu without any linguistic evidence, and appears to be transitional between Kimbundu and Umbundu.[citation needed]

Nyoya is spoken in Cuanza Sul between Songo to the north and Umbundu to the south.

The name "Ngoya" is an Umbundu word meaning "savage". The endonym is Pala, which with the noun-class-7 prefix is Íipàlà. It is frequently rendered as Kibala, which is the Kimbundu form.[1]


  1. ^ a b Angenot et al. (2013) "Comparison between the Ipala-Ngoya, Kimbundu and Umbundu tone-class systems", Revista Língua Viva vol. 3, no. 1.
  2. ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online