NGC 2403

NGC 2403
NGC 2403HST.jpg
A Hubble Space Telescope (HST) image of NGC 2403
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
Right ascension 07h 36m 51.4s[1]
Declination+65° 36′ 09″[1]
Redshift131 ± 3 km/s[1]
Distance8 Mly (2.5 Mpc)[2]
Apparent magnitude (V)8.9[1]
Apparent size (V)21′.9 × 12′.3[1]
Other designations
UGC 3918,[1] PGC 21396,[1] Caldwell 7
See also: Galaxy, List of galaxies

Coordinates: Sky map 07h 36m 51.4s, +65° 36′ 09″

NGC 2403 (also known as Caldwell 7) is an intermediate spiral galaxy in the constellation Camelopardalis. NGC 2403 is an outlying member of the M81 Group,[2] and is approximately 8 million light-years distant. It bears a striking similarity to M33, being about 50,000 light years in diameter and containing numerous star-forming H II regions.[3] The northern spiral arm connects it to the star forming region NGC 2404.[2] NGC 2403 can be observed using 10×50 binoculars.[2]

RGB image of the galaxy NGC 2403 from the Liverpool Telescope


As of late 2004, there had been two reported supernovae in the galaxy: SN 1954J, which attained a magnitude of 16 at its brightest, and SN 2004dj.



The galaxy was discovered by William Herschel in 1788. Allan Sandage detected Cepheid variables in NGC 2403 using the Hale telescope, giving it the distinction of being the first galaxy beyond the Local Group within which a Cepheid was discovered.[2] He derived a distance of a mere 8 thousand light years.[2] Today, it is thought to be a thousand times further away at about 8 million light years (2.5 Mpc).

See also[]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for NGC 2403. Retrieved 2006-11-21.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Kepple, George Robert; Glen W. Sanner (1998). The Night Sky Observer's Guide. 1. Willmann-Bell, Inc. p. 73. ISBN 978-0-943396-58-3.
  3. ^ Ho, Luis C.; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Sargent, Wallace L. W. (October 1997). "A Search for "Dwarf" Seyfert Nuclei. III. Spectroscopic Parameters and Properties of the Host Galaxies". Astrophysical Journal Supplement. 112 (2): 315–390. arXiv:astro-ph/9704107. Bibcode:1997ApJS..112..315H. doi:10.1086/313041.

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