Närke

Närke
Coat of arms of Närke
Coat of arms
Sverigekarta-Landskap Närke.svg
CountrySweden
LandSvealand
CountiesÖrebro County
Västmanland County
Södermanland County
Area
 • Total4,122 km2 (1,592 sq mi)
Population (2016)[1]
 • Total208,376
 • Density51/km2 (130/sq mi)
Ethnicity
 • LanguageSwedish
Sveamål
Culture
 • FlowerCowslip
 • AnimalHazel dormouse
 • BirdYellow bunting
 • FishPike
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)

Närke (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈnærkɛ] (About this sound listen)) is a Swedish traditional province, or landskap, situated in Svealand in south central Sweden. It is bordered by Västmanland to the north, Södermanland to the east, Östergötland to the southeast, Västergötland to the southwest, and Värmland to the northwest. Närke has a surface area of 4,126 km² and a total population of 208,376.[1]

Name[]

The name of the province (Neeric 1165-81) comes from an old word när (narrow) which refers to the narrow ridge where the church of Norrbyås (Nerboahs 1275) is situated. What the rest of the name means is not clear.[2] In English sometimes also Nerike (an archaic spelling of the province) and Nericia (the Latin name) is used for the province.

Riseberga Abbey Ruin in Lekeberg
View over the surroundings of Örebro, Närke

Administration[]

The traditional provinces of Sweden serve no administrative or political purposes, but are historical and cultural entities. In the case of Närke, the province makes up the southern part of Örebro County.

Heraldry[]

Arms granted in 1560, and revised a decade or so later with the current one. The arms is represented with a ducal coronet. At the centre there are two crossbow bolts was - the crossbow being the favourite weapon of the peasants. Blazon: "Gules between four Roses Argent two Arrows in saltire Or points upward pointed Argent." The Närke arms is one of the components of the coat of arms for Örebro County, granted in 1944.

Geography[]

The oldest city in Närke was Örebro, receiving its privileges around 1200. After that, Askersund was chartered in 1643 and Kumla in 1942. City status in Sweden was discontinued as of 1971, so these are historical titles.

History[]

Prehistory[]

Norse mythology mentions three kings of Närke, Nidud, Olof the Sharp-sighted and Sporsnjall. Nidud was a villainous king in the lay of Wayland the smith, Olaf aided the Norwegian king Vikar in battle, and Sporsnjall was burnt to death by Ingjald Ill-ruler together with five other petty kings.

History[]

Närke was renowned for its warlike peasants and when coat-of-arms for the province was granted for the funeral of King Gustav Vasa in 1560 two crossbow darts was the central symbol - the crossbow being the favourite weapon of the peasants.

In Närke there are also a number of ancient castles. The most important and best preserved one is located in Tarsta at Sköllersta.

Dukes of Närke[]

Since 1772, Swedish Princes have been created Dukes of various provinces. This is solely a nominal title.

Culture[]

The province of Närke has 5,200 ancient remains.

Historical subdivisions[]

The old subdivisions of provinces were the Hundreds of Sweden. In Närke, the hundreds were:

Sports[]

Football in the province is administered by Örebro Läns Fotbollförbund. Ice hockey is also popular, with Örebro HK, and bandy with Örebro SK.

References[]

Footnotes[]

  1. ^ a b "Folkmängd i landskapen den 31 december 2016" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 21 March 2017. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
  2. ^ Karin Calissendorff and Anna Larsson: Ortnamn i Närke, p. 47. Högskolan i Örebro / AWE/Gebers 1998
  3. ^ Eivor Martinus in Barndrottningen Filippa, ISBN 978-91-7331-663-7, pp 115, 164 & 167

Coordinates: 59°14′35″N 15°16′16″E / 59.243°N 15.271°E / 59.243; 15.271