Moulin Rouge

Moulin Rouge
Cheret MoulinRouge ParisCancan.jpg
Poster by Jules Chéret, 1890
Address82 Boulevard de Clichy
Coordinates48°53′03″N 2°19′57″E / 48.88417°N 2.33250°E / 48.88417; 2.33250Coordinates: 48°53′03″N 2°19′57″E / 48.88417°N 2.33250°E / 48.88417; 2.33250
Opened6 October 1889
ArchitectAdolphe Willette and Édouard-Jean Niermans

Moulin Rouge[1] (/ˌmlæ̃ ˈrʒ/, French: [mulɛ̃ ʁuʒ]; lit. '"Red Mill"') is a cabaret in Paris, France.

The original house, which burned down in 1915, was co-founded in 1889 by Charles Zidler and Joseph Oller, who also owned the Paris Olympia. Close to Montmartre in the Paris district of Pigalle on Boulevard de Clichy in the 18th arrondissement, it is marked by the red windmill on its roof. The closest métro station is Blanche.

Moulin Rouge is best known as the birthplace of the modern form of the can-can dance. Originally introduced as a seductive dance by the courtesans who operated from the site, the can-can dance revue evolved into a form of entertainment of its own and led to the introduction of cabarets across Europe. Today, the Moulin Rouge is a tourist attraction, offering musical dance entertainment for visitors from around the world. The club's decor still contains much of the romance of fin de siècle France.


Creation and early success[]

The Moulin Rouge in 1900

The Belle Époque was a period of peace and optimism marked by industrial progress, and a particularly rich cultural exuberance was about at the opening of the Moulin Rouge. The Expositions Universelles of 1889 and 1900 are symbols of this period. The Eiffel Tower was also constructed in 1889, epitomising the spirit of progress along with the culturally transgressive cabaret.[2] Japonism, an artistic movement inspired by the Orient, with Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec as its most brilliant disciple, was also at its height. Montmartre, which, at the heart of an increasingly vast and impersonal Paris, retained a bucolic village atmosphere; festivities and artists mixed, with pleasure and beauty as their values. On 6 October 1889, the Moulin Rouge opened in the Jardin de Paris, at the foot of the Montmartre hill. Its creator Joseph Oller and his Manager Charles Zidler were formidable businessmen who understood the public's tastes. The aim was to allow the very rich to come and 'slum it' in a fashionable district, Montmartre. The extravagant setting – the garden was adorned with a gigantic elephant – allowed people from all walks of life to mix. Workers, residents of the Place Blanche, artists, the middle classes, businessmen, elegant women, and foreigners passing through Paris rubbed shoulders. Nicknamed "The First Palace of Women" by Oller and Zidler, the cabaret quickly became a great success.

The Moulin Rouge in Autochrome Lumière color, 1914, before the 1915 fire

The ingredients for its success:[1]

Toulouse-Lautrec and Mr Tremolada, Zidler's assistant and Moulin-Rouge manager, Paris, 1892.

Greatest moments[]

Operetta and grand shows[]

Priority ticket for the S.A. du Théatre-Concert du Moulin-Rouge, issued 15 February 1904

Mistinguett years[]

Mistinguett at the Moulin Rouge

After Mistinguett[]

Vu (magazine) N°77 Adelaide Hall star of Blackbirds at the Moulin Rouge
The shows went on during the German occupation.


The Moulin Rouge at midnight
The Moulin Rouge at midday




Illustrated books[]

About Moulin Rouge and its characters[]



The Moulin Rouge in Paris was a source of inspiration for:



Stage adaptations[]

See also[]

Notes and references[]

  1. ^ a b "Histoire du Moulin Rouge".
  2. ^ "Moulin Rouge® Official website".
  3. ^ "Big Times and Big Names at the Moulin Rouge," article on
  4. ^ Chapters 10 & 11, Underneath A Harlem Moon ... the Harlem to Paris Years of Adelaide Hall by Iain Cameron Williams. Continuum Int. Publishing, ISBN 0826458939.
  5. ^ Jaques Habas, Les secrets du moulin rouge, 2010
  6. ^ Emotion in Motion: Tourism, Affect and Transformation, Dr David Picard, Professor Mike Robinson, Ashgate Publishing, 28 November 2012
  7. ^ Compare 'Für Volk and Führer: The Memoir of a Veteran of the 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler, Erwin Bartmann, Helion and Company, 19 October 2013'
  8. ^ Paris under the occupation[Gilles Perrault & Pierre Azema], Gilles Perrault; Jean-Pierre Azéma London : Deutsch, 1989.
  9. ^ a b c "Jacki Clerico". The Daily Telegraph. 18 January 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
  10. ^ Jacques Pessis et Jacques Crépineau, The Moulin Rouge, October 2002
  11. ^ "Doris Haug, maîtresse de ballet du Moulin Rouge, est morte". 13 August 2014 – via Le Monde.

External links[]