Mongolian nobility

A Khalkha Mongol noblewoman (c. 1908)

The Mongolian nobility (Mongolian: ᠢᠵᠠᠭᠤᠷᠲᠠᠨ; yazgurtan; ᠰᠤᠷᠪᠤᠯᠵᠢᠲᠠᠨ survaljtan) arose between the 10th and 12th centuries, became prominent in the 13th century, and essentially governed Mongolia until the early 20th century.

The Mongolian word for nobility, Yazgurtan, derives from the Mongol word yazgur, meaning "root".

Mongol Empire (1206–1368) and Yuan dynasty (1271–1368)[]

A Mongol ruler on his way through the empire. Illustration of Rashid al-Din's Jami' al-tawarikh.

Nobility titles[]

Military ranks[]

Female titles[]

Northern Yuan dynasty (1368–1635)[]

Nobility titles[]

Female titles[]

Qing dynasty (1691–1911) and Bogd Khaganate (1911–1924)[]

Ladies at court Bogd Khan.

Nobility titles[]

The following six titles were the same as those used by members of the Manchu nobility. (See here for details.) These titles were usually herary, and were decorated with styles to form a longer title (e.g. Khorchin Jasagh Darhan Chin-Wang 科爾沁扎薩克達爾罕親王) to indicate which hoshun the noble was from.

A Mongolian noble child in 1914

Generic titles[]

Apart from the above ranks, the nobles were also divided into two types:

Other titles used to refer to Mongolian nobles include:

Non-noble titles[]

See also[]