Min Aung Hlaing

Min Aung Hlaing
Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Myanmar
Assumed office
30 March 2011
President Thein Sein
Htin Kyaw
State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi
Deputy Soe Win
Preceded by Than Shwe
Personal details
Born (1956-07-03) 3 July 1956 (age 61)
Tavoy, Burma
(now Dawei)
Nationality Burmese
Spouse(s) Kyu Kyu Hla
Military service
Allegiance Myanmar
Service/branch Myanmar Army
Years of service 1974–present
Rank Senior General.gif Senior General

Senior General Min Aung Hlaing (Burmese: မင်းအောင်လှိုင်; born 3 July 1956[1]) is the current commander-in-chief of the Myanmar Armed Forces, appointed in 2011.[2]

Early life and career[]

Min Aung Hlaing born in 3 July 1956 in Tavoy, Tenasserim Division, Min Aung Hlaing passed Matriculation class in 1972 at BEHS 1 Latha.[3] He attended and studied Law at the Rangoon Arts and Science University from 1973 to 1974 before he joined the Defense Services Academy 19th Intake in 1974. He was reportedly shunned by classmates because of his reserved personality.

1972-March / Rangoon Arts and Science University (Law) 1974- University Training Corps (1971-74 / sergeant) 1974-January / Defence Services Academy 1977-December / second lieutenant in Burma Army.

Min Aung Hlaing's father name is U Thaung Hlaing. U Thaung Hlaing, a civil engineer, worked at the Ministry of Construction.[1] Following graduation, Min Aung Hlaing went on to command positions in Mon State and in 2002, he was promoted to Commander of the Triangle Regional Command and was a central figure in negotiations with two rebel groups, the United Wa State Army (UWSA) and the National Democratic Alliance Army (NDAA).[1]

Command appointments[]

He rose to prominence in 2009 after leading an offensive against the insurgent Myanmar Nationalities Democratic Alliance Army in Kokang.[2]

In June 2010, Min Aung Hlaing replaced General Shwe Mann as Joint Chief of Staff of the Army, Navy, and Air Force.[1] On 30 March 2011 he became the new Commander-in-Chief of the Myanmar Armed Forces, replacing the outgoing head of state and junta chief, Senior General Than Shwe.[4]

In November 2011, according to the online newsmagazine The Irrawaddy, it was "widely believed" that following Min Aung Hlaing's meetings with Chinese military officials that month and his leadership in creating a bilateral agreement on defense cooperation with the Chinese, he had also held talks with Chinese Vice-President Xi Jinping regarding cooperation from China with respect to the Kachin Conflict.[2]

On March 27, 2012, during a speech in Naypyidaw, Min Aung Hlaing defended the military’s continued role in national politics.[2][5]

On April 3, 2012, the Government of Myanmar announced that Min Aung Hlaing had been promoted to vice-senior general, the second highest rank in the Myanmar Armed Forces.[2] He was promoted to senior general in March 2013.


The UNHRC reported that Min Aung Hlaing’s soldiers have been deliberately targeting civilians in Northern states of Myanmar and have been doing "systemic discrimination” and human rights violations against minority communities in Rakhine State.[6] In particular, he has been accused of ethnic cleansing against the Rohingya people.[7] These human rights violations could amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity.[8]


  1. ^ a b c d Vice-Senior General Min Aung Hlaing, Tatmadaw Commander-in-Chief, Alternative Asean Network on Burma, http://www.altsean.org/Research/Regime%20Watch/Executive/CIC.php
  2. ^ a b c d e David Paquette, "Min Aung Hlaing Appointed Vice-Senior General", The Irrawaddy, April 3, 2012.
  3. ^ မင်းအောင်လှိုင်, ဗိုလ်ချုပ်မှူးကြီး (2 April 2011). "တပ်မတော်ကာကွယ်ရေးဦးစီးချုပ်သစ်နှင့် အမေရိကန် မြန်မာ တပ်မတော်နှစ်ရပ် ဆက်ဆံရေး - အပိုင်း (၁)". VOA news Burmese. 
  4. ^ "New commander in chief of defence services: General Min Aung Hlaing", Mizzima, March 30, 2011.
  5. ^ Aye Aye Win, "Myanmar general defends military's political role", Associated Press, March 27, 2012.
  6. ^ Section, United Nations News Service (2016-06-20). "UN News - Myanmar must address 'serious' human rights violations against minorities – UN rights chief". UN News Service Section. Retrieved 2017-10-08. 
  7. ^ Farmaner, Mark (13 September 2017). "Only One Person Can Stop Ethnic Cleansing In Myanmar, And It Isn't Aung San Suu Kyi". Huffington Post. 
  8. ^ https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/03/30/burmas-military-milestone