Mexican presidential election, 2018

Mexican general election, 2018

← 2012 1 July 2018 2024 →
Turnout 63.43% (Increase 0.35%)

 
Lenín Moreno con el líder mexicano López Obrador (cropped).png
Ricardo Anaya (cropped).jpg
Candidate Andrés Manuel López Obrador Ricardo Anaya
Party MORENA PAN
Alliance Juntos Haremos Historia Por México al Frente
Home state Tabasco Querétaro
Popular vote 30,113,483 12,610,120
Percentage 53.19% 22.28%

 
Mexican Foreign Minister José Antonio Meade (16295258100) (cropped).jpg
Reunión con el Gobernador Electo de Nuevo León, Jaime Rodríguez. (cropped).jpg
Candidate José Antonio Meade Jaime Rodríguez Calderón
Party PRI Independent
Alliance Todos por México None
Home state Mexico City Nuevo León
Popular vote 9,289,853 2,961,732
Percentage 16.41% 5.23%

Mexico general election 2018.svg
States won by López Obrador in red, Anaya in blue.

President before election

Enrique Peña Nieto
PRI

Elected President

Andrés Manuel López Obrador
MORENA

Seal of the Government of Mexico.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Mexico
Foreign relations

General elections were held in Mexico on 1 July 2018.[1] Voters elected a new President of Mexico to serve a term of five years and ten months (reduced by two months from the constitutional mandate due to a change in the inauguration date as of 2014),[2] 128 members of the Senate for a period of six years and 500 members of the Chamber of Deputies for a period of three years. It was one of the largest election days in Mexican history, with most of the nation's states holding state and local elections on the same day, including nine governorships, with over 3,400 positions subject to elections all levels of government.[3] It has been the most violent campaign Mexico has experienced in recent history, with 130 political figures killed since September 2017.[3]

The incumbent president Enrique Peña Nieto was not constitutionally eligible for a second term. Incumbent members of the legislature are term-limited, thus all members of Congress will be newly elected. As a consequence of the political reform of 2014, the members of the legislature elected in this election will be the first allowed to run for reelection in subsequent elections. The National Electoral Institute (INE) officially declared the new process underway on 8 September 2017.

The presidential election was won by Andrés Manuel López Obrador of the National Regeneration Movement (MORENA), running as the candidate of the Juntos Haremos Historia alliance.[4] This is the first time a candidate won an outright majority (according to official vote counts) since 1988.[5]

Electoral system[]

The country's president is elected by plurality in a single round of voting.[6]

The 500 members of the Chamber of Deputies are elected to three-year terms by two methods; 300 are elected in single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post voting, with the remaining 200 elected from five regional constituencies by proportional representation, with seats allocated using the simple quotient and largest remainder method. No party is allowed to hold more than 300 seats.[7] Members may hold office for up to four consecutive terms.[8]

The 128 members of the Senate are elected to six-year terms, concurrent with the president, and also elected by two methods, with 96 elected in 32 three-member constituencies based on the states and 32 elected in a single nationwide constituency by proportional representation. In the three-member constituencies, two winning candidates shall be allocated to the party receiving the highest number of votes and one seat to the party receiving the second-highest number of votes.[9] Members may hold office for up to two terms.[8]

Presidential candidates[]

Por México al Frente[]

(English: "For Mexico to the Front")

The center-right National Action Party and the center-left Party of the Democratic Revolution and Citizens' Movement – which both nominated Andrés Manuel López Obrador in the elections of 2006 and 2012 – formed an alliance for the election, in an effort to defeat both the ruling party, the PRI, and the front-runner Andrés Manuel López Obrador of the National Regeneration Movement.[10][11][12][13][14][13]

On 5 September, the electoral alliance was officially registered with the INE as Frente Ciudadano por México (Citizen Front for Mexico).[14] On 8 December the coalition changed its name to Por México al Frente (Mexico to the Front). The next day, Ricardo Anaya Cortés, president of the PAN, resigned from his position and expressed his intent to be the alliance's candidate.[15][16]

The former first lady Margarita Zavala submitted her resignation from the PAN on 6 October, after having been a member for 33 years, and registered as an independent candidate six days later.[17] She sought the presidency through an independent bid, but withdrew on 16 May 2018.

Nominee[]

Todos por México[]

(English: "Everyone for Mexico")

The coalition is composed of the Institutional Revolutionary Party, the Ecologist Green Party of Mexico, and the PANAL. On 9 August 2017, the PRI revised its requirements for presidential candidates, eliminating the requirement that candidates must have 10 years of party membership, and allowing non-party members to lead the party.[18]

This move benefited finance secretary José Antonio Meade Kuribreña, who is not a member of the PRI,[19] as well as education secretary Aurelio Nuño Mayer, whose length of membership had been questioned.[18] Meade was considered the favorite, because while the PRI had been dogged by scandal and controversy, Meade had been personally unaffected.[20]

On 27 November, Meade resigned from cabinet and announced his intention to be the PRI's candidate in the upcoming election.[21] He quickly received the support of President Peña Nieto and PRI-linked institutions such as the CTM union.[22] With no challengers, Meade became the presumptive nominee.[23] On 18 February 2018, the PRI held its convention of delegates, where Meade was formally selected as the party's presidential candidate.[24] Meade is the PRI's first presidential candidate in its almost 90-year history not to be a member of the party.[25][26]

Due to the circumstances of Meade's candidacy, critics compared his selection to the PRI's historical practice of dedazo ("tap of the finger"), where presidents hand-picked their successor.[27][28]

The coalition was initially named Meade Ciudadano por México (English: Citizen Meade for Mexico), until the INE deemed it unconstitutional to include a candidate's name within the coalition's name, on the grounds that the presidential candidate would receive advertising from every piece of campaign advertising of the coalition used for local candidates. The coalition subsequently changed its name to Todos por México (Everyone for Mexico).[29]

Nominee[]

Juntos Haremos Historia[]

(English: "Together We Will Make History")

The coalition is composed of the National Regeneration Movement (MORENA), the Labor Party, and the Social Encounter Party.[30][31]

On 12 December Andrés Manuel López Obrador registered as the presumptive nominee for MORENA and submitted his resignation as party president. This is López Obrador's third presidential bid; the previous two attempts were with the PRD. After the 2012 presidential election, López Obrador left the PRD to found MORENA. This is MORENA's first presidential election. Joining MORENA in the Juntos Haremos Historia coalition is the left-wing Labor Party and the right-wing Social Encounter Party.[32]

Nominee[]

Independents[]

Logo for Rodríguez's campaign

For the first time in Mexico's modern democratic history, candidates were allowed to run for the presidency as independents.[33] Several people announced their intention to contest the election as an independent candidate.

Margarita Zavala, a lawyer, former deputy and wife of former president Felipe Calderón, had originally intended to run as the PAN nominee; however, on 6 October, she left the party and launched an independent bid. Explaining her decision, she said that the formation of Por México al Frente meant there would be no internal PAN selection, denying her a chance to be a candidate.[34] Jaime Rodríguez Calderón, the independent governor of Nuevo León, also announced his candidacy,[35] as did Senator Armando Ríos Piter.[36]

The National Indigenous Congress announced on 28 May 2017 the election of María de Jesús Patricio Martínez as their spokeswoman and indigenous representative for the 2018 general election, aiming to obtain an independent candidacy.[37] Only Zavala gathered enough signatures to appear on the ballot;[38] however, on 10 April the Electoral Court accepted an appeal from Rodríguez and ordered the National Electoral Institute to register him as candidate.[39]

On 16 May Zavala announced she was withdrawing her candidacy.[40]

Opinion polls[]

Historical trend of voting intentions for the candidates for the Mexican presidency in 2018.

Campaigns[]

Timeline[]

January[]

As in the 2006 and 2012 federal elections, the 2018 campaign featured numerous accusations and attack advertisements directed at the leftist frontrunner candidate Andrés Manuel López Obrador, who contested the elections with the support of his party MORENA. A Red Scare-like campaign was used by the PRI and PAN candidates to convince voters that a López Obrador victory would turn Mexico into "another Venezuela".[41][42]

In a speech, PRI president Enrique Ochoa Reza (es) said that "if the people from MORENA like Venezuela so much, they should just go and live there".[43] The PRI was believed to have hired Venezuelan right-wing political strategist JJ Rendón to work in their campaign, as he stated in January that he would do "everything within the law to prevent López Obrador from becoming President"; Rendón had previously worked for the PRI during Peña Nieto's 2012 presidential campaign.[44]

In January, former president Felipe Calderón shared a video on via social media, in which a Venezuelan citizen living in Mexico warned voters not to vote for López Obrador, as he would put Mexico in the "path to ruin" like Chavismo had done in her country. It later surfaced that the woman, whose name is Carmen Martilez, is an actress who previously had uploaded a video in which she asked for street vendors to be "exterminated".[45]

That same month, the PRI began to claim that López Obrador's campaign was supported by "Venezuelan and Russian interests". López Obrador dismissed the accusations and later joked about them, calling himself "Andrés Manuelovich".[46][47]

Later in January, citizens across the country received phone calls originating in the city of Puebla, in which a recorded message warned them not to vote for López Obrador because he supposedly agreed to sell Mexico's oil to "the Russians". The MORENA representative in Puebla asked for an investigation into the phone calls.[48][49] In March, telephone company Axtel traced the number that made the calls, revealing it was a number that the government of Puebla (whose governor is from the PAN) controlled. Puebla's government denied the accusations.[50] Also in January, López Obrador uploaded a video via social media asking president Peña Nieto and PRI president Ochoa Reza to "calm down", and advised them to take some "López Obradordipine".[51]

A jingle entitled Movimiento Naranja, which was recorded for the political party Movimiento Ciudadano (which is part of the Por México al Frente coalition, along with the PAN and the PRD) and performed by an indigenous child called Yuawi, became viral and Yuawi turned into a celebrity overnight.[52][53] Drawing on its success, the pre-candidate for the Frente, Ricardo Anaya recorded a video in which he performed the song with Yuawi.[54]

PRI candidate José Antonio Meade was accused of plagiarism when it was noted that one of his ads, in which he criticized a "populist" speech on TV, was identical to an ad that had been used by Justin Trudeau when he became leader of the Liberal Party of Canada in 2013.[55]

February[]

Later in February, the PRI's Enrique Ochoa Reza tweeted that PRI politicians who defected to MORENA as Prietos que no aprietan (Dark-skinned people who can't get a hold) while trying to make a pun on the word PRI-etos (because morena is a synonym for prieto). The expression was criticized, and Ochoa Reza quickly deleted the tweet as it was interpreted to be racist.[56]

Aristegui Noticias published that Ochoa Reza apologized, and also criticized the insensitive expression, additionally commenting that the part que ya no aprietan (who cannot hold) could also be interpreted as misogynistic due to being a double entendre referring to women in relation to the number of sexual relations they have had in their lifetime. Ochoa Reza's tweet apologized to dark-skinned people but not to women.[57] Later Sinembargo.mx revealed that José Antonio Meade justified Enrique Ochoa's usage of the expression, by saying: uno se excede y es natural (English: one gets-ahead-of-themselves and it is natural) and saying that his quick apology talked positively about him.[58]

March[]

In March, the Attorney General of the Republic (PGR) started an official investigation into money-laundering allegations against Ricardo Anaya. During the investigation, Santiago Nieto, the ex-chief of FEPADE (the government branch focused on political crimes).[clarification needed] Nieto the previous October had been controversially removed from his job as chief of FEPADE, coincidentally right after starting an investigation regarding illicit campaign money from the 2012 presidential campaign that allegedly was received by Peña Nieto and by the future president of Pemex, Emilio Lozoya, from the Brazilian conglomerate Odebrecht. The ex-chief of FEPADE said that the accusations against Anaya were minor in comparison to Odebretch and Peña Nieto scandal, adding also the same opinion about the money lost by Secretariat of Social Development, to corrupt governors from the PRI such as Javier Duarte, all while José Antonio Meade was the man in charge of the Secretariat of Social Development. The scandal is known as La Estafa Maestra (The Master Robbery), and about 435 million pesos were lost.[59] The same week the PRI legislators were criticized for voting for stopping the investigation of Odebretch against the wishes of Mexican people and organizations campaigning against corruption such as Mexicanos contra la corrupción (Mexicans against corruption).[60] The investigation about Odebretch against the Pemex leader at the time, Lozoya, was legally stopped after a judge controversially ordered it days after.[61]

Santiago Nieto said that the PGR was being used by Peña Nieto's government to tamper with elections and benefit Meade by removing Anaya from the race, complaining that it was a politically motivated use of law-enforcement agencies, which had made more efforts to investigate Anaya in a month than towards investigating Peña Nieto's Odebretch money and Meade's lost Secretariat of Social Development funds over the last six years. Santiago Nieto said the PGR and FEPADE were only attacking the rivals of the PRI, and the investigating organizations were not being neutral.[62]

In an interview with The Wall Street Journal, Santiago Nieto would later reveal that Peña Nieto's government tried to bribe him to keep him silent, which he refused saying, "Sorry, but I can't receive any money from Peña Nieto." He received menacing phone messages stating: "Death follows you" and "Words of advice: stay out of Trouble", and as a consequence, he feared for the safety of his, and his family's lives.[63] Additionally as of 2018, it should be noted, that many of the politicians of the PRI political party who supported Peña Nieto during his presidential campaign would be later declared criminals by the Mexican government (some already elected, while others were campaigning concurrently with Peña Nieto, and would be elected),[64][65][66] near the end of Peña Nieto's time as president.

A total of 22 state ex-governors, all members from the PRI, had been accused of misuse of public funds and misdirection of money (with some money speculated to have been directed to the PRI); only five were sent to jail, with PGR receiving criticism for not investigating further.[67] Among the most prominent criminals were: Tomás Yarrington from Tamaulipas (along his predecessor Eugenio Hernández Flores), Javier Duarte from Veracruz,[68] César Duarte Jáquez from Chihuahua[69] (no family relation between the two Duartes), and Roberto Borge from Quintana Roo, along their unknown multiple allies who enabled their corruption. While, although Peña Nieto has not been found to be an ally of them, by being part of the same political party, there were severely negative consequences to Peña Nieto's image as president, as well as of the PRI.[70] Also, while not a member of the PRI at the time, Meade's image also received damage, because much of the money was lost while he was in charge of the Secretariat of Social Development, the government ministry that supervises the resources received by each state.[71]

Despite the overwhelming evidence against César Duarte, in March 2018 the PGR found him innocent of any crime. The successor governor Javier Corral from the PAN, who previously fought against the Televisa law, gave a similar opinion to Santiago Nieto, saying the PGR was being used to protect the allies of Peña Nieto and the PRI, and attack their rivals.[72] López Obrador said that failure to take action against Duarte was one of the main reasons why Mexicans had lost their faith in the PRI, saying the few ex-governors that were declared criminals were only to a pretense of concern.[73]

April and May[]

After, Meade decided to change his strategy; and due to his poor reception, Ochoa Reza left his position as president of the PRI on 2 May.[74]

On 16 May, Margarita Zavala suspended her presidential campaign.[75]

Santiago Nieto decided to join AMLO's campaign, with both promising to continue the investigation into the alleged scandal involving Peña Nieto, the PRI and Odebretch.[76] Meanwhile, César Duarte disappeared before being incarcerated, and was subsequently declared a fugitive from justice by the PGR.[77]

More than 130 political figures were been killed from when the campaign began in September 2017 until July 2018.[3]

Promises and proposals[]

López Obrador promised to end many of the benefits received by ex-presidents, particularly the lifelong pension they receive.[78] He added that he would redirect the money saved to be used to help senior citizens.[79] Zavala said she would also attempt to end the practice, though she had not decided how to use the money saved, while Meade and Anaya said they would keep the practice going.[80]

Anaya promised to implement a basic income for Mexican citizens,[81] Anaya said Nobel prize-winning economist Milton Friedman supported the idea. While well received, El Economista criticized how Anaya announced it, and called the idea populist.[82]

Meade proposed to create an office that would track the unique needs of each individual citizen, in what he would call Registro Único de Necesidades de Cada Persona (Unique Register of the Necessities of Each Person). Citizens on social media mocked the idea as absurd and impossible to develop, comparing it to writing letters to Santa Claus or just plainly asking for miracles.[83][84] Meade has supported Peña Nieto's energy reforms, saying that "everyone wins with the gasolinazo", and announcing that if he won he intended to continue it.[85] López Obrador promised to end the gasolinazos by building two new fuel refineries, which would allow more petroleum to be processed into gasoline domestically, thus lowering the price by not outsourcing the refining to other countries.[86]

Anaya promised to investigate and do everything to make sure President Peña Nieto is sent to jail for his aforementioned multiple presidential scandals, with López Obrador agreeing and suggesting to up the ante by also investigating every living former president.[87]

On 26 January, López Obrador accused the International Monetary Fund of being an accomplice to corruption in Mexican politics and claimed that its policies are in part responsible for poverty, unemployment, and violence in the country. López Obrador promised that if he won the presidency, Mexico will follow "its own agenda".[88]

López Obrador called for a change in security strategy and offered the controversial proposal of giving amnesty for drug dealers as a way to combat the drug cartels.[89]

During a debate in April, Rodríguez Calderón said "We have to cut off the hands of those who rob (in public service). It's that simple." He later explained that it was intended to be applied to both criminals and government functionaries involved in acts of corruption citing the application of this measure in Saudi Arabia as an example to reduce corruption and violence. Rodríguez Calderón was trending ahead of the other candidates on Twitter during the debate.[90]

Rodríguez Calderón later proposed to bring back the death penalty (currently constitutionally abolished in Mexico and enforced for the last time in 1961) for drug traffickers, hijackers, infanticides and serial killers.[91]

Controversies[]

Ballot access requirements[]

The candidate put forward by the National Indigenous Congress and the Zapatista Army of National Liberation, María de Jesús Patricio Martínez (Marichuy), alleged that the process for collecting signatures to attain ballot access unfairly benefits the rich. Marichuy said, "the INE made a list of telephone makes and models so that you must have at a minimum an Android 5.0 operating system or higher and so many hours to begin with the download of the applications in the devices, we find that the list is not true; we find brands that are not included in the list and of those that are included they don’t all work. The download is tedious and can take hours." The INE declared each signature registration would take 4.3 minutes, but each actual signature registration has taken up to 16 hours, or more. 'With these "classist, racist and excluding measures," Marichuy said, you realize "that this electoral system is not made for those peoples below that govern ourselves and that the laws and institutions of the State are made for those above, for the capitalists and their corrupt political class, resulting in a big simulation." Ultimately she was not able to obtain ballot access. [92]

PRI payments to Cambridge Analytica[]

After the Facebook–Cambridge Analytica data scandal, in April 2018, Forbes published information from the British news program Channel 4 News that had mentioned the existence of proof revealing ties between the PRI and Cambridge Analytica, suggesting a modus operandi similar to the one in the United States. The info said they worked together at least until January.[93][94][95] An investigation was requested.[96] The New York Times obtained the 57 page proposal of Cambridge Analytica's proposed collaboration strategy to benefit the PRI by hurting MORENA's candidate Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador; the political party rejected the offer but still paid Cambridge Analytica to not help the other candidates.[97]

Allegations of foreign intervention[]

In April 2017, the US Secretary of Homeland Security, John F. Kelly, stated that the election of a left-wing president in Mexico "would not be good for America or Mexico". The statement was widely believed to be a reference to López Obrador, the leftist, frontrunner candidate, and created controversy in Mexico, as it seemed to be an attempt to influence the election against him.[98][99][100]

In December 2017, US National Security Advisor H. R. McMaster claimed that Russia had launched a campaign to "influence Mexico’s 2018 presidential election and stir up division", without defining the methods of the supposed meddling, or indicating which would be the candidate favored by the Kremlin. The Russian government has denied the claims.[101] PRI president Enrique Ochoa Reza claimed that "Russian and Venezuelan interests" are supporting López Obrador's campaign.[102]

López Obrador responded that Ochoa's declarations are part of a smear campaign against him,[44] and later posted a video via social media, where he joked about the claims and called himself "Andres Manuelovich".[46][47]

Guatemalan right-wing commentator Gloria Álvarez embarked on a tour through Mexico, calling López Obrador a "dangerous populist" and urging citizens not to vote for him. She was invited to a PAN legislators assembly on 31 January, where she criticized the alliance with the PRD, which she called "a party just like MORENA".[103][104]

US Senators Bob Menendez and Marco Rubio asked US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson to "fight Russian meddling" in the Mexican elections.[105] On 2 February during a summit in Mexico, Tillerson stated that Mexico should "beware the Russian interference".[106] Dr. Tony Payan, director of the Mexico Center at Rice University noted that there has been no evidence of actual Russian tampering in the Mexican electoral process, and considered the accusations "absurd" given that the Trump administration "will not admit Russia interfered in the US election".[107]

Possibility of election tampering[]

Bloomberg warned about the possibility of the PRI committing electoral fraud, with Tony Payan, director of the Mexico Center at Rice University’s Baker Institute in Houston, United States, suggesting that both vote buyout and computer hackings were possible and citing irregularities in the 1988 electoral process. Bloomberg's article also suggested Meade could be receiving unfair help from the over-budget amounts of money spent on publicity by incumbent president Enrique Peña Nieto.[108]

Additionally, Meade spent more money on pre-campaign efforts than López Obrador and Anaya together, while failing to report where his funds came from; in contrast, López Obrador has attended the most events while spending the least money and successfully reported better than his rivals where he obtained the resources to pay for those events.[109]

Prior PRI election tampering controversies in 2017[]

During 2017, the PRI had faced allegations of electoral fraud concerning the election of Peña Nieto's cousin Alfredo del Mazo Maza as Governor of the state of Mexico. Despite the official vote results given by the INE (Electoral National Institute) giving the win to del Mazo, the election was marred by irregularities including reports of vote-buying,[110] spending beyond legal campaign finance limits,[111] and electoral counts that gave del Mazo extra votes that awarded the election to him.[112] In November 2017, left-wing magazine Proceso published an article accusing the PRI of breaking at least 16 state laws during the elections, which were denounced 619 times. They said that all of them were broken in order to favor del Mazo during the election.[113]

Results[]

President[]

López Obrador won the election on 1 July 2018 with over 50% of the popular vote. In terms of states won, López Obrador won in a landslide, carrying 31 out of 32 of the country's states.[5]

Around 30 minutes after polls closed in the country's north-west, José Antonio Meade, speaking at a news conference from PRI headquarters, conceded defeat and wished López Obrador "every success".[114][115]

Ricardo Anaya also conceded defeat within an hour of the polls closing,[116][117] and independent candidate Jaime Rodríguez Calderón recognized López Obrador's victory shortly afterward.[118]

The results of the INE's official quick count were announced around midnight Mexico City time. It reported a turnout of around 63%, with the following approximate results for the candidates: López Obrador, 53%; Anaya, 22%; Meade, 16%; and Rodríguez Calderón, 5%. This is the first time since the (controversial) 1988 election that a presidential candidate has been elected with an absolute majority (50%+1) of the votes cast.[119]

Candidate Party Alliance Votes %
Andrés Manuel López Obrador National Regeneration Movement Juntos Haremos Historia 30,113,483 53.19
Ricardo Anaya National Action Party Por México al Frente 12,610,120 22.28
José Antonio Meade Institutional Revolutionary Party Todos por México 9,289,853 16.41
Jaime Rodríguez Calderón Independent None 2,961,732 5.23
Margarita Zavala[a] Independent None 32,743 0.06
Write-in votes 31,982 0.06
Invalid/blank votes 1,571,114 2.78
Total 56,611,027 100
Registered voters/turnout 89,994,039 63.43
Source: INE
Popular Vote
López Obrador
53.19%
Anaya
22.28%
Meade
16.41%
Rodríguez Calderón
5.23%
Zavala
0.06%
Other
0.06%
Invalid/blank
2.78%

By state[]

State Anaya
PANPRDMC
Meade
PRIPVEMNA
López Obrador
MORENAPTPES
Zavala[b]
Margarita Zavala independiente.png
Rodríguez
BRONCO.svg
Write-ins Invalid/blank votes
Aguascalientes 178,988 103,639 222,528 547 40,299 391 14,714
Baja California 275,503 124,225 918,939 479 89,823 1,252 28,201
Baja California Sur 56,794 28,202 193,842 404 16,766 235 6,645
Campeche 54,417 96,584 275,262 209 11,194 146 11,735
Coahuila 307,590 358,279 609,362 730 71,051 437 24,367
Colima 56,428 62,004 197,316 346 15,753 200 9,062
Chiapas 198,117 562,863 1,485,699 1,697 39,607 580 137,087
Chihuahua 425,919 240,725 643,652 1,604 132,242 1,717 48,846
Mexico City 1,292,623 652,073 3,118,478 3,054 223,261 4,793 111,586
Durango 187,947 141,291 340,829 636 46,009 215 16,788
Guanajuato 940,133 381,692 707,222 1,655 223,214 1,859 69,232
Guerrero 217,838 285,799 1,018,163 277 24,531 362 66,168
Hidalgo 188,028 257,548 850,863 473 59,630 454 37,916
Jalisco 1,179,300 509,157 1,461,348 3,152 246,924 2,954 96,988
México 1,549,824 1,548,662 4,373,267 3,092 383,684 4,653 176,978
Michoacán 443,805 335,854 991,154 1,176 122,469 1,097 85,400
Morelos 142,553 99,506 638,689 680 60,083 510 26,169
Nayarit 79,818 66,447 315,816 280 10,382 183 11,750
Nuevo León 703,866 315,379 748,104 2,000 360,050 1,931 47,432
Oaxaca 221,686 342,108 1,260,562 931 39,020 548 64,602
Puebla 618,397 490,737 1,754,596 1,562 113,461 1,509 102,525
Querétaro 347,664 150,927 424,162 1,347 72,905 855 27,501
Quintana Roo 116,031 76,758 488,434 361 29,441 424 16,207
San Luis Potosí 334,763 260,211 527,546 717 82,956 677 51,722
Sinaloa 163,956 234,416 834,001 475 29,173 470 31,809
Sonora 167,273 181,059 651,806 858 63,800 505 26,366
Tabasco 91,342 107,538 961,710 378 9,749 279 29,849
Tamaulipas 475,201 228,386 786,210 1,143 110,246 531 33,933
Tlaxcala 66,729 74,744 433,127 213 25,941 276 12,392
Veracruz 1,050,599 471,313 2,059,209 1,224 132,737 1,307 98,061
Yucatán 320,144 324,055 455,216 384 39,111 333 25,509
Zacatecas 156,844 177,672 366,371 659 36,220 299 23,574
Mexicans living abroad 26,344 4,613 63,863 0 1,868 269 1,513
Total 12,610,120 9,289,853 30,113,483 32,743 2,961,732 31,982 1,571,114

Senate[]

Party Constituency Proportional Total
seats
+/–
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
National Regeneration Movement 21,261,577 37.50 42 13 55 New
National Action Party 9,971,804 17.59 18 6 24 –14
Institutional Revolutionary Party 9,013,658 15.90 7 6 13 –44
Party of the Democratic Revolution 2,984,861 5.27 6 2 8 –15
Citizens' Movement 2,654,452 4.68 5 2 7 +6
Ecologist Green Party 2,528,175 4.46 5 2 7 +3
Labor Party 2,164,442 3.82 5 1 6 +2
Social Encounter Party 1,320,559 2.33 7 0 7 New
New Alliance Party 1,307,015 2.31 1 0 1 0
Independents 1,109,149 1.96 0 0 0
Write-ins 31,820 0.06
Invalid/blank votes 2,344,357 4.14
Total 56,691,869 100 96 100 32 128 0
Registered voters/turnout 89,994,039 63.52 89,994,039
Source: INE
Popular Vote
MORENA
37.50%
PAN
17.59%
PRI
15.90%
PRD
5.27%
MC
4.68%
PVEM
4.46%
PT
3.82%
PES
2.33%
PNA
2.31%
Independents
1.96%
Write-ins
0.06%
Invalid/blank
4.14%
Seats
MORENA
42.97%
PAN
18.75%
PRI
10.16%
PRD
6.25%
MC
5.47%
PT
5.47%
PES
5.47%
PVEM
4.69%
PNA
0.78%
Independents
0.00%
Mexican Senate Party Composition
Mexican Senate by electoral alliances. Juntos Haremos Historia 70 seats, Por México al Frente 38 seats, Todos por México 20 seats

By state[]

State PANPRDMC MORENAPTPES PRIPVEMNA PAN PRD MC PRI PVEM NA MORENA PT
Independiente (Mexico).png
Independents
Write-ins Invalid/blank votes
Aguascalientes 172,886 136,354 123,771 16,174 12,616 460 18,535
Baja California 249,704 605,935 110,756 32,689 22,387 1,635 33,736
Baja California Sur 54,003 95,276 15,585 7,301 4,076 10,489 145 7,306
Campeche 54,808 127,301 83,766 171 9,525
Chiapas 171,558 843,169 501,032 75,069 3,272 135,637
Chihuahua 311,117 367,668 221,825 39,280 30,517 1,686 49,678
Coahuila 319,923 402,992 357,044 546 27,532
Colima 55,540 111,765 72,125 199 9,215
Mexico City 1,304,897 2,273,350 439,268 204,455 78,394 4,776 170,906
Durango 160,037 195,983 106,922 18,761 10,772 448 18,393
Guanajuato 867,892 503,431 272,770 160,538 59,937 2,159 95,717
Guerrero 293,858 625,982 301,339 16,215 1,786 66,951
Hidalgo 173,708 321,536 569,271 44,679 798 57,143
Jalisco 904,137 657,904 333,514 94,624 50,900 598,424 4,278 96,709
México 1,559,126 3,029,982 1,545,026 6,092 194,520
Michoacán 458,513 599,627 276,895 106,173 37,871 2,108 100,907
Morelos 377,587 151,677 64,947 64,078 34,576 991 44,804
Nayarit 79,880 199,222 48,267 7,951 7,791 223 12,465
Nuevo León 322,428 360,936 10,713 367,303 226,680 56,869 41,121 69,769 1,761 46,613
Oaxaca 250,152 894,983 360,386 1,068 70,483
Puebla 619,333 1,166,093 364,873 109,045 66,448 1,956 123,232
Querétaro 317,124 289,500 117,855 33,444 17,190 808 39,138
Quintana Roo 98,013 279,901 75,461 607 18,564
San Luis Potosí 329,788 291,585 274,741 1,206 62,725
Sinaloa 171,500 425,153 217,926 63,805 1,229 25,340
Sonora 158,570 338,517 197,852 1,225 24,985
Tabasco 113,485 605,856 104,293 29,925 10,882 654 30,097
Tamaulipas 462,435 458,035 226,978 28,835 20,180 975 37,162
Tlaxcala 87,820 285,140 87,247 10,963 1,209 20,109
Veracruz 1,035,540 1,517,183 483,227 1,836 104,375
Yucatán 258,093 209,805 283,789 387 21,440
Zacatecas 127,438 245,701 202,389 508 24,803
Total 11,220,878 18,483,408 5,516,563 425,883 74,791 401,879 2,990,252 946,064 471,082 569,271 44,679 844,734 47,202 1,798,745

Chamber of Deputies[]

Party District Proportional Total
seats
+/–
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
National Regeneration Movement 20,972,573 37.25 106 85 191 +156
National Action Party 10,096,588 17.93 41 41 82 –26
Institutional Revolutionary Party 9,310,523 16.54 8 37 45 –158
Party of the Democratic Revolution 2,967,969 5.27 9 12 21 –35
Ecologist Green Party 2,695,405 4.79 5 11 16 –31
Citizens' Movement 2,485,198 4.41 17 10 27 +1
Labor Party 2,211,753 3.93 57 4 61 +55
New Alliance Party 1,391,376 2.47 2 0 2 –8
Social Encounter Party 1,353,941 2.40 55 0 55 +47
Independents 539,347 0.96 0 0 0 –1
Write-ins 32,959 0.06
Invalid/blank votes 2,242,615 3.98
Total 56,300,247 100 300 100 200 500 0
Registered voters/turnout 89,994,039 63.21 89,994,039
Source: INE
Popular Vote
MORENA
37.25%
PAN
17.93%
PRI
16.54%
PRD
5.27%
PVEM
4.79%
MC
4.41%
PT
3.93%
PNA
2.47%
PES
2.40%
Independents
0.96%
Write-ins
0.06%
Invalid/blank
3.98%
Seats
MORENA
38.2%
PAN
16.4%
PT
12.2%
PES
11.0%
PRI
9.0%
MC
5.4%
PRD
4.2%
PVEM
3.2%
PNA
0.4%
Independents
0.00%
Chamber of Deputies party composition
Electoral alliances in the Chamber of Deputies. Juntos Haremos Historia 312 seats, Por México al Frente 128 seats, Todos por México 60 seats

Governorships[]

Mexico City[]

Election for Head of Government of Mexico City
Candidate Party Alliance Votes %
Claudia Sheinbaum Pardo National Regeneration Movement Juntos Haremos Historia 2,537,454 47.05
Alejandra Barrales Party of the Democratic Revolution Por México al Frente 1,673,015 31.02
Mikel Arriola Peñalosa (es) Institutional Revolutionary Party None 691,772 15.30
Mariana Boy Tamborrell Ecologist Green Party of Mexico None 206,942 3.83
Lorena Osornio Independent None 64,591 1.19
Marco Rascón Humanist Party None 51,676 0.95
Purificación Carpinteyro New Alliance Party None 36,105 0.66
Write-ins 5,727 0.11
Nulls/blanks 125,605 2.33
Total 5,392,887 100
Registered voters/turnout 7,628,256 70.70
Source:IECM

Chiapas[]

Election for Governor of Chiapas
Candidate Party Alliance Votes %
Rutilio Escandón Cadenas National Regeneration Movement Juntos Haremos Historia 922,310 39.26
Fernando Castellanos Ecologist Green Party of Mexico La Fuerza de Chiapas 529,508 22.54
Roberto Albores Gleason Institutional Revolutionary Party Todos por Chiapas 474,122 20.18
José Antonio Aguilar Bodegas National Action Party Por Chiapas al Frente 220,675 9.39
Jesús Alejo Orantes Ruiz Independent None 62,611 2.66
Write-ins 3,309 0.14
Nulls/blanks 136,992 5.83
Total 2,349,527 100
Registered voters/turnout 3,549,291 66.20
Source:IEPC-Chiapas

Guanajuato[]

Election for Governor of Guanajuato
Candidate Party Alliance Votes %
Diego Sinhué Rodríguez Vallejo National Action Party Por Guanajuato al Frente 1,043,049 49.94
Ricardo Sheffield Padilla National Regeneration Movement Juntos Haremos Historia 553,639 24.19
Gerardo Sánchez García Institutional Revolutionary Party None 293,824 12.84
Felipe Camarena Ecologist Green Party of Mexico None 157,767 6.89
María Bertha Solórzano New Alliance Party None 66,122 2.89
Write-ins 1,673 0.08
Nulls/blanks 72,183 3.30
Total 2,188,257 100
Registered voters/turnout 4,359,531 50.19
Source:IEEG

Jalisco[]

Election for Governor of Jalisco
Candidate Party Alliance Votes %
Enrique Alfaro Ramírez Citizens' Movement None 1,069,625 39.01
Carlos Lomelí Bolaños National Regeneration Movement Juntos Haremos Historia 668,472 24.38
Miguel Castro Reynoso (es) Institutional Revolutionary Party None 456,199 16.64
Miguel Ángel Martínez Espinosa National Action Party None 293,428 10.70
Salvador Cosío Gaona Ecologist Green Party of Mexico None 75,804 2.76
Martha Rosa Araiza Soltero New Alliance Party None 53,869 1.96
Carlos Orozco Santillán Party of the Democratic Revolution None 28,802 1.05
Write-ins 1,785 0.06
Nulls/blanks 84,566 3.08
Total 2,741,264 100
Registered voters/turnout 5,904,211 58.5
Source: http://jalisco.prep.oem.com.mx/index.php?gubernatura-entidad

Morelos[]

Election for Governor of Morelos
Candidate Party Alliance Votes %
Cuauhtémoc Blanco Social Encounter Party Juntos Haremos Historia 373,600 52.45
Víctor Caballero National Action Party Por Morelos al Frente 99,441 13.96
Rodrigo Gayosso Party of the Democratic Revolution Juntos por Morelos 83,470 11.71
Jorge Meade Institutional Revolutionary Party None 42,427 5.95
Fidel Demédicis Hidalgo Independent None 34,185 4.79
Nadia Luz Lara Ecologist Green Party of Mexico None 26,316 3.69
Alejandro Vera Jiménez New Alliance Party None 16,740 2.35
Mario Rojas Alba Humanist Party None 10,868 1.52
Write-ins 1,060 .10
Nulls/blanks 24,146 3.39
Total 712,253 100%
Registered voters/turnout 1,439,365 66.3
Source:http://prepmorelos2018.mx/gb_entidad.html (reporting:95%)

Puebla[]

Election for Governor of Puebla
Candidate Party Alliance Votes %
Martha Erika Alonso Hidalgo National Action Party Por Puebla al Frente 1,153,043 38.14
Miguel Barbosa Huerta National Regeneration Movement Juntos Haremos Historia 1,031,043 34.10
Enrique Doger Institutional Revolutionary Party None 555,041 18.36
Michel Chaín Ecologist Green Party of Mexico None 153,456 5.08
Write-ins 1,947 0.06
Nulls/blanks 129,023 4.27
Total 3,023,553 100
Registered voters/turnout 4,500,580 67.18
Source:IEE-Puebla

Tabasco[]

Election for Governor of Tabasco
Candidate Party Alliance Votes %
Adán Augusto López Hernández National Regeneration Movement Juntos Haremos Historia 601,987 61.45%
Gerardo Gaudiano Rovirosa Party of the Democratic Revolution Por Tabasco al Frente 189,564 19.35%
Georgina Trujillo Zentella Institutional Revolutionary Party None 115,164 11.75%
Nulls/blanks 42,134 4.30%
Jesús Alí de la Torre Independent None 19,434 1.98%
Manuel Paz Ojeda New Alliance Party None 10,371 1.05%
Write-ins 843 0.08%
Total 979,497 100%
Registered voters/turnout 1,687,618 70.06%
Source:https://prepet.mx/#/gubernatura-por-entidad (reporting:100%)

Veracruz[]

Election for Governor of Veracruz
Candidate Party Alliance Votes %
Cuitláhuac García Jiménez National Regeneration Movement Juntos Haremos Historia 1,667,239 44.03
Miguel Ángel Yunes Márquez National Action Party Por Veracruz al Frente 1,453,938 38.39
José Yunes Zorrilla Institutional Revolutionary Party Por un Veracruz Mejor 528,663 13.96
Miriam González Sheridan New Alliance Party None 36,404 0.96
Write-ins 784 0.02
Nulls/blanks 99,893 2.64
Total 3,786,921 100
Registered voters/turnout 5,775,918 65.56
Source: OPLE-Veracruz

Yucatán[]

Election for Governor of Yucatán
Candidate Party Alliance Votes %
Mauricio Vila Dosal National Action Party Por Yucatán al Frente 285,900 39.23
Mauricio Sahuí Rivero Institutional Revolutionary Party Todos por Yucatán 264,136 36.24
Joaquín Díaz Mena "Huacho" National Regeneration Movement Juntos Haremos Historia 149,463 20.51
Jorge Zavala Castro Party of the Democratic Revolution None 13,883 1.91
Write-ins 210 0.29
Nulls/blanks 15,050 2.07
Total 728,643 100%
Registered voters/turnout 1,544,062 75.1
Source:https://prep-yuc2018.mx/

Notes[]

  1. ^ Dropped out of the race, but votes towards her will be counted
  2. ^ Dropped out of the race, but votes towards her will be counted

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