Ma'mar ibn Rashid

Ma'mar ibn Rashid
معمر بن راشد
Born96 AH/714 CE
Died153 AH/770 CE
Main interest(s)Hadith, Prophetic biography
Notable work(s)The Book of Expions
Muslim leader

Ma'mar ibn Rashid (Arabic: معمر بن راشد‎, romanizedMaʿmar ibn Rāshid) was an eighth-century hadith scholar. A Persian mawla ("freedman"),[2] he is cited as an authority in all six of the canonical Sunni hadith collections.[2][3]


Ma'mar ibn Rashid was born in 96 AH/714 CE in Basra. He was a Persian mawla ("freedman") of the Huddan clan of Azd,[2] trading cloth and other luxuries on their behalf. Despite this, he was able to study under the Basran scholars Hasan al-Basri and Qatada ibn Di'ama.[4]

While on a journey to trade wares at Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik's court in Resafa, he encountered and became pupil to the elderly scholar Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri. Ma'mar learned and transmitted a large body of traditions from al-Zuhri through audition, public recitation and writing, making his narrations coveted by other hadith scholars.[4][5]:90

Ma'mar remained in Resafa after al-Zuhri's death, and witnessed the removal of his late teacher's manuscripts from the Umayyad court following the assassination of al-Walid II.[2] Amid the turbulence of the civil wars that followed, Ma'mar departed for Yemen where he married a local woman and taught several students. The most prominent of these was ʽAbd al-Razzaq al-Sanʽani, who he taught for the final seven to eight years of his life. ʽAbd al-Razzaq preserved Ma'mar's traditions in his own musannaf, notably arranging those concerning Muhammad's life into The Book of Expions (Arabic: كتاب المغازي‎, romanizedKitāb al-Maghāzī), which has survived as one of the earliest extant works of sira-maghazi literature.[4] Also preserved is ʽAbd al-Razzaq's recension of Ma'mar's hadith collection, al-Jāmi'.[5]:148

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  1. ^ Hati̇boğlu, İbrahi̇m. "MA'MER b. RÂŞİD". İslâm Ansiklopedisi.
  2. ^ a b c d Anthony, Sean W. "Maʿmar b. Rāshid". Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE.
  3. ^ "Ma'mar bin Rashid معمر بن راشد". Retrieved 2020-08-04.
  4. ^ a b c Rāshid, Maʿmar ibn; Anthony, Sean W. (2015). The Expions: An Early Biography of Muhammad. NYU Press. pp. xv–xxix. ISBN 978-1-4798-1682-8. JSTOR j.ctt17rw4z3.
  5. ^ a b al-Azami, Muhammad Mustafa (1978). Studies in Early Hadith Literature: with a critical ion of some early texts. Indiapolis, Indiana: American Trust Publications.