AKB48 Group
Ske48 teamk2.jpg
JKT48 Jak-Japan Matsuri Aitakatta.jpg
BNK48 Cat Expo 2017.jpg
MNL48 4thSingle Members.jpg
2018.12.08『COOL JAPAN FEST 2018 in 台北圓山大飯店』AKB48 Team TP Photo by AKB48-Taiwan Clubs 李承儒 (45314157365).jpg
Background information
OriginEast Asia
Japan (6, former: 1)
China (1, former: 1)
Taiwan (1)
South Asia
India (2)
Southeast Asia
Indonesia (1)
Thailand (2)
Philippines (1)
Vietnam (1)
Years active2008–present
MembersCurrent groups
Past membersFormer groups

AKB48 Group (Japanese: AKB48グループ, Hepburn: AKB48 gurūpu), or AKB48 sister groups, shortened to 48 Group, 48g, refers to the sister groups of the Japanese idol girl group AKB48. Based on the same concept "idols you can meet", it currently consists of 5 sister groups in locations across Japan and 7 sister groups in major Asian cities overseas from Indonesia to India. The Japan-based sister groups not only release their own singles, but also perform on some of the AKB48 singles and events. They also send participants in the AKB48 annual events such as the AKB48 general election. The sister groups outside Japan release local-language versions of the AKB48 singles.[1][2] In their early development, they are often supported by temporary, concurrent members of AKB48, such as Jurina Matsui and Miyuki Watanabe.[3]


AKB48's first sister group, SKE48, was formed in 2008 with its theater in Sakae, Nagoya.[4][5] SDN48 ("Saturday Night"), NMB48[6] ("Namba") and HKT48[7] ("Hakata") were later formed. NGT48 was launched in 2015, and is located in Niigata.[8] STU48, the latest Japanese sister group, was announced during the AKB48 rock-paper-scissors tournament on October 10, 2016. It is based on the seven prefectures adjoining the coast of the Seto Inland Sea and they will have a theater on a ship.[9]

In 2011 AKB48's first sister group outside Japan, JKT48,[10] was announced; the group is based in Jakarta, Indonesia. JKT48 was followed by another overseas AKB48 sister group: SNH48,[11] based in Shanghai, China. On June 6, 2016, AKB48 announced it had suspended its partnership with SNH48 due to contract violations.[12] Following the statement, SNH48 declared that it had been completely independent from AKB48 from the beginning and SNH48 management had never made any form of partnership with AKB48.[13] On October 12, 2016, AKS established AKB48 China, based in Shanghai, and named its group AKB48 Team SH.[14]

The creation of the TPE48 was announced on October 10, 2011 in AKB48's official blog.[15] At that time, AKS cooperated with Yoshimoto Kogyo Taipei Branch and expected to start audition work in 2012. However, the two sides failed to reach a consensus in the preparation work, and thus they were discontinued after the second half of 2012. Three new overseas sister groups were announced in March 2016: BNK48, based in Bangkok, Thailand; MNL48, based in Manila, the Philippines and TPE48, based in Taipei, Taiwan.[16] On July 30, 2018, AKS canceling a joint venture and license agreement with TPE48's management and created AKB48 Team TP.[17] The formation of CGM48, named after and based in Chiang Mai, Thailand, as a domestic sister group of BNK48 was announced in Chiang Mai on 2 June 2019.[18]

On December 27, 2017, Yui Yokoyama, the general manager of AKB48 and former captain of Team A, announced the formation of MUM48, based in Mumbai, India, in 2018, through a Showroom live broadcast.[19] On June 19, 2019, MUB48, based on Mumbai replacing MUM48, and DEL48, based on Delhi, was announced.[20]

On June 21, 2018, AKS announced the formation of SGO48, based in Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam.[21]

Produce 48 & Iz*One[]

On June 15, 2018, the AKB48 groups participated in the Korean reality competition show Produce 48, which acted as the third season for the Mnet series Produce 101. The show brought in 96 girls to compete for a spot in a 12 member girl group that would promote in both Korea and Japan for two and a half years.[22] Of those 96 contestants, 57 were from Korean talent agencies while 39 were from AKB48 groups.[23][24] It was a large scale production that had viewers, dubbed "national producers", vote to pick the girls that would get to debut in the group. At the start of the show, the contestants performed a song in front of mentors for evaluation to earn a grade of A, B, C, D, or F based on their abilities. In each episode, the contestants were put through challenges that demonstrated their abilities to perform, granting them the chance to change their individual grade and popularity ranking. Throughout the show, the AKB48 girls were considered underdogs, as they began the show with less individual training in multi-faceted performing compared to the Korean contestants. Despite this, some of the AKB48 girls were able to prove themselves among the other members, as 11 of the AKB48 girls entered the top 12 popularity ranking at multiple points in the show, with AKB48's Miho Miyazaki earning the top ranking once and HKT48's Sakura Miyawaki earning it twice.[citation needed]

On August 31, 2018, the show's final episode aired and the final contestants were chosen to debut in a new group named Iz*One. Among the 12 members chosen to debut were AKB48's Hitomi Honda, HKT48's Nako Yabuki and HKT48's Sakura Miyawaki. The group was an immediate success, as their debut showcase at the Olympic Hall was sold out in minutes.[25][26] Their first extended play COLOR*IZ was released on October 29, 2018 and sold over 34,000 units as reported by Hanteo Chart, setting a new record for the highest number of albums sold on the first day of a Korean girl group's debut release.[27][28][29] The music video for the lead single "La Vie en Rose" achieved more than 4.5 million views within 24 hours of its release on YouTube, making it the most-watched debut music video by a Korean act in 24 hours.[30][31] Since their debut, the group has earned multiple awards, including best rookie group of the year at the Mnet Asian Music Awards.[32]

After the finale of the next season of the show, it was found out that the votes of both seasons were rigged.

Current groups[]

List of AKB48 groups based in Japan
Group name Band color Years active Teams
(if split)
Location Notes
AKB48 Pink 2005–present Team A, Team K, Team B, Team 4, Team 8, Kenkyuusei Akihabara, Tokyo, Japan The main group
SKE48 Orange 2008–present Team S, Team KII, Team E, Kenkyuusei Sakae, Nagoya, Japan First sister group
NMB48 Leopard Pattern 2010–present Team N, Team M, Team BII, Kenkyuusei Namba, Osaka, Japan The only non-AKS-managed sister group
HKT48 Black 2011–present Team H, Team KIV, Team TII, Kenkyuusei Hakata, Fukuoka, Japan Has a non-permanent theater
NGT48 White - Red 2015–present 1st Generation, Kenkyuusei Niigata, Niigata, Japan Team Nlll and G disbanded and went to 1st Genaration
STU48 Blue - White 2017–present 1st Generation, 2nd Generation, Kenkyuusei Setouchi Region, Japan Group performs on a ship
List of AKB48 groups based outside Japan
Group name Band color Years active Teams
(if split)
Location Notes
JKT48 Red 2011–present Team J, Team KIII, Team T, Academy Jakarta, Indonesia First overseas sister group
BNK48 Orchid 2017–present Team BIII, Team NV, Trainee Bangkok, Thailand Also has a sister group CGM48
MNL48 Blue 2018–present Team MII, Team NIV, Team L, Trainee Manila, Philippines
AKB48 Team SH Pink White 2018–present Team SH, Trainee Shanghai, China Replace SNH48 in China
AKB48 Team TP Mango 2018–present Daisy, Bellflower, Sakura, Trainee Taipei, Taiwan Formerly TPE48
SGO48 Lotus 2018–present Trainee Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam FanDebut on December 22, 2018
CGM48 Mint 2019–present Team C, Trainee Chiang Mai, Thailand First domestic sister group of BNK48
DEL48 Orange - White 2019–present Trainee Delhi, India 1st generation members selected
MUB48 Green - White Pending debut N/A Mumbai, India Formerly MUM48[19]

Former groups[]

List of former AKB48 groups based in Japan
Group name Years active
with AKB48 Group
(if split)
Location Notes
SDN48 2009–2012 1st Gen, 2nd Gen (later 2nd+3rd Gen)[a] Akihabara, Tokyo, Japan Shows for fans age 18 and up,[33] Disbanded in 2012

List of former AKB48 groups based outside Japan
Group name Years active
with AKB48 Group
(if split)
Location Notes
SNH48 2013–2016 Team SII, Team NII, Team HII, Team X, Team LXS, Trainee[b] Shanghai, China Declared independent from AKB48 in 2016, still active

AKB48 Group timeline[]

AKB48 Group timeline

Distribution map[]

Geographic distribution of sister groups of AKB48 inside Japan
Geographic distribution of sister groups of AKB48 outside Japan
Geographic distribution of former sister groups of AKB48 in East Asia

See also[]


  1. ^ For SDN48, the 3rd Gen members were combined with the 2nd Gen to form the "2nd+3rd Gen" stage team
  2. ^ For SNH48, the team listing does not include teams and sister groups formed after the divestment from AKB48


  1. ^ "SKE松井珠理奈、NMB渡辺美優紀がAKB48に期間限定加入". Natalie (in Japanese). Natasha, Inc. March 25, 2012. Retrieved March 25, 2012.
  2. ^ "King Records Official Site Give Me Five! profile" (in Japanese). King Records. Archived from the original on January 16, 2012. Retrieved November 5, 2015.
  3. ^ "SKE松井珠理奈、NMB渡辺美優紀がAKB48に期間限定加入". Natalie (in Japanese). Natasha, Inc. March 25, 2012. Retrieved March 25, 2012.
  4. ^ "AKB48 Launching SKE48 in Nagoya". June 3, 2008.
  5. ^ "SKE48 profile". Natalie (in Japanese). Natasha, Inc. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
  6. ^ "NMB48 Website" (in Japanese). AKS. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
  7. ^ "HKT48 Website" (in Japanese). AKS. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
  8. ^ "NGT48、劇場オープン3ヶ月延期 来年1月10日に" (in Japanese). Oricon Inc. September 16, 2015. Retrieved March 20, 2016.
  9. ^ AKB48、来夏「STU48」誕生 瀬戸内7県舞台の「船上劇場」 (in Japanese). oricon ME inc. October 10, 2016. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
  10. ^ "JKT48 website" (in Indonesian). Retrieved December 28, 2012.
  11. ^ "SNH48 Project". "SNH48 Website" (in Chinese). AKS. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
  12. ^ JpopAsia. "AKB48 Cuts Ties With SNH48 Due To Contract Violation – JpopAsia". Retrieved March 15, 2017.
  13. ^ "SNH48官方声明". SNH48 official website. June 10, 2016. Retrieved January 13, 2017.
  14. ^ "AKB48渡边麻友:30岁想挑战女侦探角色". 新浪娱乐. 2016-12-16. Retrieved 2018-05-09.
  15. ^ 『TPE48』プロジェクト発足! (in Japanese). October 1, 2011. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
  16. ^ "AKB48 to form sister groups based in Taiwan, Philippines and Thailand". tokyohive. 6Theory Media, LLC. March 27, 2016. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
  17. ^ "オリコンミュージックストア". オリコンミュージックストア. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  18. ^ "ประกาศเปิดตัว "เชียงใหม่ 48 (CGM48)" วงน้องสาวใหม่ของ AKB48, BNK48 เปิดรับสมัคร 15 มิ.ย.นี้". Mango Zero (in Thai). Bangkok: Mango Zero. 2019-06-02. Retrieved 2019-06-03.
  19. ^ a b "AKB48 Announces New International Sister Group MUM48, Based in India". Billboard. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  20. ^ Japan, Arama! (June 19, 2019). "AKB48 announce Indian sister groups DEL48 & MUB48". ARAMA! JAPAN.
  21. ^ "AKB48、ベトナム拠点「SGO48」結成へ 海外7グループ目". ORICON NEWS. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  22. ^ "'프로듀스48' PD "투표는 한국에서만...최종 12인 국적 구분 NO"". Hankook Ilbo (in Korean). June 11, 2018. Retrieved June 12, 2018.
  23. ^ "[공식입장] "'프듀'·'AKB48' 컬래버"...'프로듀스48' 내년 방송 확정". X Sports News (in Korean). November 29, 2017. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  24. ^ "'프로듀스48' PD "투표는 한국에서만…최종 12인 국적 구분 NO"". Hankook Ilbo (in Korean). June 11, 2018. Retrieved June 12, 2018.
  25. ^ Ahn, Yun-ji (October 16, 2018). "아이즈원 측 "29일 쇼콘으로 데뷔 확정"(공식입장)". MBN (in Korean). Retrieved October 29, 2018.
  26. ^ "아이즈원, 데뷔 쇼콘 1분만에 전석 매진..'동시접속자 15만 육박'[공식입장]". OSEN (in Korean). October 19, 2018. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
  27. ^ "[단독] "국민 픽" 아이즈원, 10월 29일 데뷔 확정...본격 韓日 걸그룹". News1 (in Korean). September 4, 2018. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  28. ^ "[단독]프듀48 '아이즈원', 첫 일정 'AKB48 프로듀서와 상견례'...4일 일본行". Sports Seoul (in Korean). September 2, 2018. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
  29. ^ "아이즈원, 첫 미니 앨범 '컬러아이즈' 오피셜 포토 공개...'채연-민주-채원-히토미'". Top Star News (in Korean). October 14, 2018. Retrieved October 14, 2018.
  30. ^ ""역시 아이즈원"...하루만에 역대 걸그룹 데뷔앨범 초동 신기록 달성". OSEN (in Korean). October 30, 2018. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  31. ^ "아이즈원 데뷔곡 멜론 9위...주요 차트 상위권 안착". EDaily (in Korean). October 30, 2018. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  32. ^ "IZ*ONE Won MAMA 2018". Newsen. December 7, 2018. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
  33. ^ "AKB48 expands with "kid" concerts, HKT group". Tokyograph. Nikkan Sports. 19 November 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2010.