Loeb Classical Library

Volume 170N of the Greek collection in the Loeb Classical Library, revised ion
Volume 6 of the Latin collection in the Loeb Classical Library, second ion 1988

The Loeb Classical Library (LCL; named after James Loeb; /lb/, German: [løːp]) is a series of books, originally published by Heinemann in London, today by Harvard University Press,[1] which presents important works of ancient Greek and Latin literature in a way designed to make the text accessible to the broadest possible audience, by presenting the original Greek or Latin text on each left-hand page, and a fairly literal translation on the facing page. The General Editor is Jeffrey Henderson, holder of the William Goodwin Aurelio Professorship of Greek Language and Literature at Boston University.

History[]

The Loeb Classical Library was conceived and initially funded by the Jewish-German-American banker and philanthropist James Loeb (1867–1933). The first volumes were ed by T. E. Page, W. H. D. Rouse, and Edward Capps, and published by William Heinemann, Ltd. (London) in 1912, already in their distinctive green (for Greek text) and red (for Latin) hardcover bindings. Since then scores of new titles have been added, and the earliest translations have been revised several times. In recent years, this has included the removal of earlier ions' bowdlerization, which habitually extended to reversal of gender to disguise homosexual references or (in the case of early ions of Longus' Daphnis and Chloe) translated sexually explicit passages into Latin, rather than English.[citation needed]

Since 1934, it has been co-published with Harvard University.[2] Profit from the ions continues to fund graduate student fellowships at Harvard University.

The Loebs have only a minimal critical apparatus, when compared to other publications of the text. They are intended for the amateur reader of Greek or Latin, and are so nearly ubiquitous as to be instantly recognizable.[3]

In 1917 Virginia Woolf wrote (in The Times Literary Supplement):

The Loeb Library, with its Greek or Latin on one side of the page and its English on the other, came as a gift of freedom. ... The existence of the amateur was recognised by the publication of this Library, and to a great extent made respectable. ... The difficulty of Greek is not sufficiently dwelt upon, chiefly perhaps because the sirens who lure us to these perilous waters are generally scholars [who] have forgotten ... what those difficulties are. But for the ordinary amateur they are very real and very great; and we shall do well to recognise the fact and to make up our minds that we shall never be independent of our Loeb.

Harvard University assumed complete responsibility for the series in 1989 and in recent years four or five new or re-ed volumes have been published annually.

In 2001, Harvard University Press began issuing a second series of books with a similar format. The I Tatti Renaissance Library presents key Renaissance works in Latin with a facing English translation; it is bound similarly to the Loeb Classics, but in a larger format and with blue covers. A third series, the Dumbarton Oaks Medieval Library, was introduced in 2010 covering works in Byzantine Greek, Medieval Latin, and Old English. Volumes have the same format as the I Tatti series, but with a brown cover. The Clay Sanskrit Library, bound in teal cloth, was also modeled on the Loeb Classical Library.

As the command of Latin among generalist historians and archaeologists shrank in the course of the 20th century, professionals came increasingly to rely on these texts designed for amateurs. As Birgitta Hoffmann remarked in 2001 of Tacitus' Agricola, "Unfortunately the first thing that happens in bilingual versions like the Loebs is that most of this apparatus vanishes and, if you use a translation, there is usually no way of knowing that there were problems with the text in the first place."[4]

In 2014, the Loeb Classical Library Foundation and Harvard University Press launched the digital Loeb Classical Library, described as "an interconnected, fully searchable, perpetually growing, virtual library of all that is important in Greek and Latin literature."[5][6]

Volumes[]

The listings of Loeb volumes at online bookstores and library catalogues vary considerably and are often best navigated via ISBN numbers.

Greek[]

Poetry[]

Homer[]
Hesiod[]
Nonnus[]
Other epic poetry[]
Lyric, iambic and elegiac poetry[]
Other Hellenistic poetry[]
Greek Anthology[]

Drama[]

Aeschylus[]
Sophocles[]
Euripides[]
Aristophanes[]
Fragments of Old Comedy[]
Menander[]

Philosophers[]

Early Greek Philosophy[]
Aristotle[]
Athenaeus[]
Epictetus[]
Marcus Aurelius[]
Philo[]
Plato[]
Plotinus[]
Plutarch[]
Ptolemy[]
Sextus Empiricus[]
Theophrastus[]
Greek Mathematics (extracts)[]

Historians[]

Appian[]
Arrian[]
Dio Cassius[]
Diodorus Siculus[]
Herodian[]
Herodotus[]
Josephus[]
Manetho[]
Polybius[]
Procopius[]
Thucydides[]
Xenophon[]

Attic orators[]

Aeschines[]
Demosthenes[]
Isaeus[]
Isocrates[]
Lysias[]
Minor Attic Orators[]

Biography[]

Plutarch[]
Diogenes Laërtius[]
Philostratus[]

Ancient Greek novel[]

Greek Fathers[]

Basil[]
Clement of Alexandria[]
Eusebius[]
John Damascene[]
Apostolic Fathers[]

(ed by Bart Ehrman, replacing Kirsopp Lake's ion)

Other Greek prose[]

Aelian[]
Aelius Aristides[]
Aeneas Tacticus[]
Babrius and Phaedrus[]
Alciphron[]
Apollodorus[]
Dio Chrysostom[]
Dionysius of Halicarnassus[]
Galen[]
Hippocrates[]
Julian[]
Libanius[]
Lucian[]
pseudo-Menander Rhetor and pseudo-Dionysius of Halicarnassus[]
Pausanias[]
Philostratus[]
Philostratus the Elder and Philostratus the Younger[]
Strabo[]

Papyri[]

Latin[]

Ammianus Marcellinus[]

Apuleius[]

Augustine[]

Ausonius[]

Bede[]

Boethius[]

Julius Caesar[]

Cato and Varro[]

Catullus[]

Celsus[]

Cicero[]

Claudian[]

Columella[]

Cornelius Nepos[]

Curtius[]

Florus[]

Frontinus[]

Fronto[]

Gellius[]

Horace[]

Jerome[]

Juvenal and Persius[]

Livy[]

Lucan[]

Lucretius[]

Macrobius[]

Manilius[]

Martial[]

Ovid[]

Petronius[]

Plautus[]

Pliny the Younger[]

Pliny[]

Propertius[]

Prudentius[]

Quintilian[]

Sallust[]

Seneca the Elder[]

Seneca the Younger[]

Sidonius[]

Silius Italicus[]

Statius[]

Suetonius[]

Tacitus[]

Terence[]

Tertullian and Marcus Minucius Felix[]

Valerius Flaccus[]

Valerius Maximus[]

Varro[]

Velleius Paterculus[]

Virgil[]

Vitruvius[]

Minor Latin Poets ed by J. W. Duff[]

The Augustan History, ed by D. Magie[]

Old Latin, ed by Warmington, E.H.[]

Fragmentary Republican Latin[]

References[]

  1. ^ "Loeb Classical Library | Harvard University Press". Harvard University Press. The Loeb Classical Library® is published and distributed by Harvard University Press.
  2. ^ Hall, Max (1986). Harvard University Press: A History. Harvard University Press. pp. 64–. ISBN 9780674380806. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  3. ^ Wilson, Emily (August 15, 2006). "Found in Translation". Slate. ISSN 1091-2339. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  4. ^ Birgitta Hoffmann, "Archaeology versus Tacitus' "Agricola": a first-century worst-case scenario" given to the Theoretical Archaeology Group conference, (Dublin) 15 December 2001.
  5. ^ Loeb Classical Library 1.0, Francesca Annicchiarico, Harvard Magazine, September–October 2014
  6. ^ About the Library | Loeb Classical Library

Sources and external links[]