Lodi (Pashtun tribe)

Bahlul Khan Lodi, the head of Afghan Lodi clan and founder of Lodi Dynasty.

Lodi or Lodhi is a sub tirbe of Ghilzai tribe of Pashtuns of Afghanistan and Pakistan.[1]

The Lodi dynasty was an Afghan[2] dynasty that ruled the Delhi Sultanate from 1451 to 1526. It was the last dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate, and was founded by Bahlul Khan Lodi.[3] The most important and oldest Pashtun settlement in the district was that of the Lodi tribe. The Lodi clan name originates from the Pashto word Loya, which means "big" or "great". Many Lodis are very tall in stature. Kot Bure Khan, north of the city of Jalandhar, was said to be the original settlement of the tribe. According to the Ain-i-Akbari, the Mahal, Jallandhar was occupied by the Lodi who paid a revenue of 14 lakh of dams.

The Lodis of the town of Dhogri, six miles north east of Jalandhar, were among the oldest landowners in the district. Their ancestor Tatar Khan, accompanied, Mahmud of Ghazni of Ghazna to India, and settled in the region. Lodi's are now found in Afghanistan and parts of Pakistan.

Bahlul Khan Lodi, who went on to found the Lodi Dynasty in Delhi. Sikander Khan Lodi, his son made Hoshiarpur his operational base when he began his military career as Governor of Punjab. That is one reason why many members of the Lodi clan moved to Hoshiarpur, and founded many cities and towns bearing the clan's name. It was Sikander Khan's brother, Alam Khan Lodi, who invited Babar to invade India in a sort of "palace coup" against his own nephew, Ibrahim Khan Lodi. Khan, who was considered haughty and asked his nobility to bow before him (an unheard of custom among Afghans) was widely considered unfit to be king. This was in direct contrast to Ibrahim Khan's grandfather, Bahlul Khan, who was known as a righteous leader. This led to the First Battle of Panipat. Babar's invading forces were also led by an Afghan, Langar Khan Niazi. The Niazi are a close cousin-clan of the Lodi, both of which belong to the "Bettani" branch of Pashtun.

The Marwat tribe is a sub-clan of the Lodi. A Niazi general was once tasked by the Delhi Sultanate to put down down a Baloch incursion into South-Western Punjab, which was laying waste to large tracts of land. When the Niazi found himself with insufficient men for the job, he reached out to his nearby cousin, Marwat Khan Lodi for assistance. Marwat Khan Lodi is said to have shown up with 100,000 men and crushed the Baloch rebellion. In honor of Marwat Khan's great achievement, his descendants began to use his name to distinguish themselves as a separate clan, thus creating the Marwat clan of Pathans. The area where this battle took place was named "Lakki Marwat" i.e. the place where 1 lakh Marwats assembled. Even today, many Marwat Lodis are found in Lakki Marwat District.


  1. ^ Malik, Jamal (2008). 0 Islam in South Asia: A Short History. p. 123.
  2. ^ Lodi Dynasty. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
  3. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 122–125. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.