List of chief ministers of Rajasthan

Chief Minister of Rajasthan
Ashok Gehlot 2012.jpg
Incumbent
Ashok Gehlot

since 17 December 2018
SeatJaipur, Rajasthan
AppointerGovernor of Rajasthan
Inaugural holderHeera Lal Shastri
Formation7 April 1949

The Chief Minister of Rajasthan is the chief executive of the Indian state of Rajasthan. In accordance with the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Rajasthan Legislative Assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

From 1949, 14 people have been Chief Minister of Rajasthan. Vasundhara Raje Scindia of the Bharatiya Janata Party is only female to serve as the chief minister of the state. After securing majority in 2018 assembly election, Ashok Gehlot of the Indian National Congress assumed office on 17 December 2018.

Chief Ministers of Rajasthan[]

Bhairon Singh Shekhawat, the first non-congress CM of Rajasthan went on to serve as the 11th Vice President of India
Vasundhara Raje was the first woman chief minister of the state.
No Name Constituency Tenure Assembly

(election)

Party[a]
1 Heera Lal Shastri 7 April 1949 5 January 1951 639 days Indian National Congress
2 C. S. Venkatachari 6 January 1951 25 April 1951 110 days
3 Jai Narayan Vyas 26 April 1951 3 March 1952 313 days
4 Tika Ram Paliwal Mahuwa 3 March 1952 31 October 1952 243 days
(3) Jai Narayan Vyas [2] Kishangarh 1 November 1952 12 November 1954 742 days

(total 1055 days)

5 Mohan Lal Sukhadia Udaipur 13 November 1954 13 March 1967 4503 days
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 13 March 1967 26 April 1967
(5) Mohan Lal Sukhadia [2] Udaipur 26 April 1967 9 July 1971 1535 days

(total 6038 days)

Indian National Congress
6 Barkatullah Khan Tijara 9 July 1971 11 August 1973 765 days
7 Hari Dev Joshi Banswara 11 August 1973 29 April 1977 1389 days
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 29 April 1977 22 June 1977 N/A
8 Bhairon Singh Shekhawat Chhabra 22 June 1977 16 February 1980 970 days Sixth Assembly (1977–80) Janata Party
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 16 February 1980 6 June 1980 N/A
9 Jagannath Pahadia Weir 6 June 1980 13 July 1981 403 days Seventh Assembly (1980–85) Indian National Congress
10 Shiv Charan Mathur Mandalgarh 14 July 1981 23 February 1985 1320 days
11 Hira Lal Devpura Kumbhalgarh 23 February 1985 10 March 1985 16 days Eighth Assembly (1985–90)
(7) Hari Dev Joshi [2] Banswara 10 March 1985 20 January 1988 1046 days
(10) Shiv Charan Mathur [2] Mandalgarh 20 January 1988 4 December 1989 684 days

(total 2004 days)

(7) Hari Dev Joshi [3] Banswara 4 December 1989 4 March 1990 91 days

(total 2526 days)

(8) Bhairon Singh Shekhawat [2] Chhabra 4 March 1990 15 December 1992 1017 days Ninth Assembly (1990–92) Bharatiya Janata Party
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 15 December 1992 4 December 1993 N/A
(8) Bhairon Singh Shekhawat [3] Bali 4 December 1993 29 November 1998 1821 days (total 3808 days) Tenth Assembly (1993–98) Bharatiya Janata Party
12 Ashok Gehlot Sardarpura 1 December 1998 8 December 2003 1834 days Eleventh Assembly (1998–2003)
Indian National Congress
13 Vasundhara Raje Jhalrapatan 8 December 2003 11 December 2008 1831 days Twelfth Assembly (2003–08)

(2003 elections)

Bharatiya Janata Party
(12) Ashok Gehlot [2] Sardarpura 12 December 2008 13 December 2013 1822 days Thirteenth Assembly (2008–13)

(2008 elections)

Indian National Congress
(13) Vasundhara Raje [2] Jhalrapatan 13 December 2013 16 December 2018 1829 days Fourteenth Assembly (2013–18)

(2013 elections)

Bharatiya Janata Party
(12) Ashok Gehlot [3] Sardarpura 17 December 2018 Incumbent 1 year, 90 days Fifteenth Assembly (2018-)

(2018 elections)

Indian National Congress

Notes[]

Notes
  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  2. ^ a b c d President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[2]
Reference
  1. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies to the specific case of Rajasthan as well.
  2. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.

External links[]