List of chief ministers of Bihar

Chief Minister of Bihar
The Chief Minister of Bihar, Shri Nitish Kumar meeting with the Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission, Shri Montek Singh Ahluwalia to finalize Annual Plan 2007-08 of the State, in New Delhi on February 14, 2007 (Nitish Kumar) (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Nitish Kumar

since 22 February 2015
AppointerGovernor of Bihar
Inaugural holderSri Krishna Singh
Formation2 April 1946
WebsiteCM website

The Chief Minister of Bihar is the chief executive of the Indian state of Bihar. As per the Constitution of India, the Governor of Bihar is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Bihar Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

From 1946, 23 people have been Chief Minister of Bihar. The inaugural holder was Sri Krishna Sinha of the Indian National Congress, he also has the longest incumbency. The current incumbent is Nitish Kumar who resigned on 26 July 2017 but was again sworn in as the CM on 27 July 2017 with new cabinet ministers hence having incumbency since 22 February 2015 including 1 day as care taker.

Chief Ministers of Bihar[]

Colour key for parties
Janata Dal (United) leader Nitish Kumar had served eight and a half years as Bihar's premier, before stepping down because of his party's poor showing in the 2014 general election.
After Chief Minister Lalu Prasad Yadav was convicted for his involvement in the fodder scam in 1997, he installed his wife Rabri Devi as Chief Minister instead. Together, they governed for nearly 15 years between 1990 and 2005.
No Name[2] Constituency Term Party[a] Assembly
(Election)
1 Sri Krishna Singh Basantpur West 2 April 1946 1957 5419 days Indian National Congress 1st Assembly (1952–1957)
(1952 election)
1957 31 January 1961 2nd Assembly (1957–1962)
(1957 election)
2 Deep Narayan Singh 1 February 1961 18 February 1961 18 days
3 Binodanand Jha Rajmahal 18 February 1961 1962 956 days
1962 2 October 1963 3rd Assembly (1962–1967)
(1962 election)
4 K. B. Sahay Patna West 2 October 1963 5 March 1967 1250 days
5 Mahamaya Prasad Sinha Patna West 5 March 1967 28 January 1968 330 days Jana Kranti Dal 4th Assembly (1967–1968)
(1967 election)
6 Satish Prasad Singh 28 January 1968 1 February 1968 5 days Samyukta Socialist Party
7 B. P. Mandal Yadav 1 February 1968 2 March 1968 31 days
8 Bhola Paswan Shastri Korha 22 March 1968 29 June 1968 100 days Indian National Congress
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 29 June 1968 26 February 1969 N/A
9 Harihar Singh Nayagram 26 February 1969 22 June 1969 117 days Indian National Congress 5th Assembly (1969–1972)
(1969 election)
(8) Bhola Paswan Shastri [2] Korha 22 June 1969 4 July 1969 13 days Indian National Congress (O)
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 6 July 1969 16 February 1970 N/A
10 Daroga Prasad Rai Yadav Parsa 16 February. 1970 22 December 1970 310 days Indian National Congress
11 Karpoori Thakur Tajpur 22 December 1970 2 June 1971 163 days Socialist Party
(8) Bhola Paswan Shastri [3] Korha 2 June 1971 9 January 1972 222 days
(total 335 days)
Indian National Congress
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 9 January 1972 19 March 1972 N/A
12 Kedar Pandey Nautan 19 March 1972 2 July 1973 471 days Indian National Congress 6th Assembly (1972–1977)
(1972 election)
13 Abdul Gafoor Member of Bihar Legislative Council 2 July 1973 11 April 1975 649 days
14 Jagannath Mishra Jhanjharpur 11 April 1975 30 April 1977 750 days
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 30 April 1977 24 June 1977 N/A
(11) Karpoori Thakur Phulpuras 24 June 1977 21 April 1979 668 days Janata Party 7th Assembly (1977–1980)
(1977 election)
15 Ram Sundar Das Sonepur 21 April 1979 17 February 1980 303 days
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 17 February 1980 8 June 1980 N/A
(14) Jagannath Mishra [2] Jhanjharpur 8 June 1980 14 August 1983 1133 days Indian National Congress (I) 8th Assembly (1980–1985)
(1980 election)
16 Chandrashekhar Singh 14 August 1983 12 March 1985 577 days
17 Bindeshwari Dubey Shahpur 12 March 1985 13 February 1988 1068 days 9th Assembly (1985–1990)
(1985 election)
18 Bhagwat Jha Azad Member of Bihar Legislative Council 14 February 1988 10 March 1989 391 days
19 Satyendra Narayan Sinha Member of Bihar Legislative Council 11 March 1989 6 December 1989 271 days
(14) Jagannath Mishra [3] Jhanjharpur 6 December 1989 10 March 1990 95 days
(total 1978 days)
20 Lalu Prasad Yadav Member of Bihar Legislative Council 10 March 1990 28 March 1995 1845 days Janata Dal 10th Assembly (1990–95)
(1990 election)
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 28 March 1995 4 April 1995 N/A
(20) Lalu Prasad Yadav [2] Raghopur 4 April 1995 25 July 1997 844 days
(total 2689 days)
Janata Dal, Rashtriya Janata Dal 11th Assembly (1995–2000)
(1995 election)
21 Rabri Devi Member of Bihar Legislative Council 25 July 1997 11 February 1999 538 days Rashtriya Janata Dal
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 11 February 1999 9 March 1999 N/A
(21) Rabri Devi [2] Member of Bihar Legislative Council 9 March 1999 2 March 2000 359 days Rashtriya Janata Dal
22 Nitish Kumar [c]
3 March 2000 10 March 2000 8 days Samata Party[4] 12th Assembly (Excludes Jharkhand) (2000–05)
(2000 election)
(21) Rabri Devi [3] Raghopur 11 March 2000 6 March 2005 1821 days
(total 2718 days)
Rashtriya Janata Dal [5]
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 7 March 2005 24 November 2005 N/A 13th Assembly (2005)
(February 2005 election)
(22) Nitish Kumar [2] Member of Bihar Legislative Council 24 November 2005 26 November 2010 3099 days Janata Dal (United) 14th Assembly (2005–10)
(October 2005 election)
26 November 2010 20 May 2014 15th Assembly (2010–15)
(2010 election)
23 Jitan Ram Manjhi Makhdumpur 20 May 2014 22 February 2015 278 days
(22) Nitish Kumar [3] Member of Bihar Legislative Council 22 February 2015 20 November 2015 1966 days
20 November 2015 Incumbent 16th Assembly (2015–20)
(2015 election)

See also[]

Notes and references[]

Notes
  1. ^ Cite error: The named reference party was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[3]
  3. ^ On 15 November 2000, the new state of Jharkhand was carved out of Bihar.
References
  1. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Bihar as well.
  2. ^ "Chief Ministers of Bihar". Bihar Chief Minister's website. Archived from the original on 19 March 2011.
  3. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.
  4. ^ "The Hindu : Nitish Kumar sworn in CM". www.hindu.com. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  5. ^ https://www.indiatoday.in/magazine/nation/story/20000320-nitish-kumars-government-in-bihar-not-outvoted-as-much-as-outmanoeuvred-by-laloo-yadav-777236-2000-03-20