List of chief ministers from the Bharatiya Janata Party

  States and union territories with a chief minister from the BJP
  States and union territories which had a chief minister from the BJP
  States and union territories which have never had a chief minister from the BJP
  Federally-administrated union territories

The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is one of the two major parties in the political system of the Republic of India, the other being the Indian National Congress (INC).[1][2] As of 2015, it is the country's largest political party in terms of representation in the national parliament.[3] Established in 1980, the BJP's platform is generally considered as the right-wing of the political spectrum.[4] As of March 2020, 43 BJP leaders have held the position of a chief minister, out of which twelve are incumbent.

A chief minister is the head of government of each of the twenty-eight states and three union territories (UTs) (Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir and Puducherry). According to the Constitution of India, at the state-level, the governor is de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the state legislative assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given he/she has the assembly's confidence, the chief minister's term is usually for a maximum of five years; there are no limits to the number of terms he/she can serve.[5]

Of the 43 BJP chief ministers, twelve are incumbent — Pema Khandu in Arunachal Pradesh, Sarbananda Sonowal in Assam, Pramod Sawant in Goa, Vijay Rupani in Gujarat, Manohar Lal Khattar in Haryana, Jai Ram Thakur in Himachal Pradesh, B. S. Yediyurappa in Karnataka, Shivraj Singh Chouhan in Madhya Pradesh, N. Biren Singh in Manipur, Biplab Kumar Deb in Tripura, Trivendra Singh Rawat in Uttarakhand, and Yogi Adityanath in Uttar Pradesh. Four of the BJP chief ministers have been women — Sushma Swaraj in Delhi, Uma Bharti in Madhya Pradesh, Anandiben Patel in Gujarat and Vasundhara Raje in Rajasthan. Raman Singh, who was chief minister of Chhattisgarh for 15 years and 9 days between December 2003 and December 2018 has been the longest-serving chief minister from the BJP. Devendra Fadnavis's second tenure as the chief minister of Maharashtra lasted for only three days, which is the least tenure among chief ministers from BJP; however, taking the total of all the tenures into consideration, Sushma Swaraj served as a chief minister of Delhi for the shortest period of 52 days. Bhairon Singh Shekhawat of Rajasthan was the first chief minister from the BJP; however some BJP leaders had already been elected before as the chief minister while being a member of the Janata Party (JP), an amalgam of political parties which included BJP's predecessor Bharatiya Jana Sangh.[6] There have been five chief ministers from the BJP in Gujarat and Uttarakhand each, four chief ministers in Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh each, and three in Delhi, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, and Karnataka each.

Incumbent[]

Arunachal Pradesh[]

State Name Portrait Term(s) Total tenure length (days) Tenure(s) description
Arunachal Pradesh Gegong Apang[α] Gegong Apang.jpg 1 364 31 August 200329 August 2004
(364)
Pema Khandu*[β] Pema Khandu in July 2016.jpg 1 1287 31 December 2016 – present
(1287)
Key

Assam[]

State Name Portrait Term(s) Total tenure length (days) Tenure(s) description
Assam Sarbananda Sonowal* Sarbananda Sonowal 1 1508 24 May 2016 – present
(1508)
Key

Chhattisgarh[]

State Name Portrait Term(s) Total tenure length (days) Tenure(s) description
Chhattisgarh Raman Singh The former Chief Minister of Chhattisgarh, Dr. Raman Singh.jpg 3 5488 7 December 2003 – 16 December 2018
(5488)
Key

Delhi[]

State Name Portrait Term(s) Total tenure length (days) Tenure(s) description
Delhi Madan Lal Khurana Madan Lal Khurana.jpg 1 816 2 December 199326 February 1996
(816)
Sahib Singh Verma The Union Labour Minister Dr. Sahib Singh chairing the 165th Meeting of the CBT, Employees Provident Fund in New Delhi on December 3, 2003 (Wednesday) (cropped).jpg 1 959 26 February 199612 October 1998
(959)
Sushma Swaraj Sushma Swaraj - 2018 (45124842302) (cropped).jpg 1 52 12 October 19983 December 1998
(52)
Key

Goa[]

State Name Portrait Term(s) Total tenure length (days) Tenure(s) description
Goa Manohar Parrikar The official photograph of the Union Minister for Defence, Shri Manohar Parrikar.jpg 3 3762 24 October 20002 February 2005
(1562)
9 March 20128 November 2014
(974)
14 March 201717 March 2019
(733)
Laxmikant Parsekar Laxmikant Parsekar.jpg 1 857 8 November 201414 March 2017
(857)
Pramod Sawant* The Chief Minister of Goa, Shri Pramod Sawant.jpg 1 479 19 March 2019 – present
(479)
Key

Gujarat[]

State Name Portrait Term(s) Total tenure length (days) Tenure(s) description
Gujarat Keshubhai Patel Keshubhai Patel.jpg 2 1473 14 March 199521 October 1995
(221)
4 March 19987 October 2001
(1313)
Suresh Mehta 1 334 21 October 199519 September 1996
(334)
Narendra Modi PM Modi 2015.jpg 4 4610 7 October 200122 May 2014
(4610)
Anandiben Patel Anandiben Patel Sept 2014.jpg 1 808 22 May 20147 August 2016
(808)
Vijay Rupani* Vijay Rupani.jpg 1 1433 7 August 2016 – present
(1433)
Key

Haryana[]

State Name Portrait Term(s) Total tenure length (days) Tenure(s) description
Haryana Manohar Lal Khattar* Manohar Lal Khattar 2015.jpg 2 2084 26 October 2014 - present
(2084)
Key

Himachal Pradesh[]

State Name Portrait Term(s) Total tenure length (days) Tenure(s) description
Himachal Pradesh Shanta Kumar[γ] Shanta Kumar.jpg 1 1016 5 March 199015 December 1992
(1016)
Prem Kumar Dhumal Prem Kumar Dhumal.jpg 2 3783 24 March 19985 March 2003
(1807)
30 December 200725 December 2012
(1822)
Jai Ram Thakur* Jai Ram Thakur in a Wedding (cropped).jpg 1 926 27 December 2017 – present
(926)
Key

Jharkhand[]

State Name Portrait Term(s) Total tenure length (days) Tenure(s) description
Jharkhand Babulal Marandi 1 853 15 November 200018 March 2003
(853)
Arjun Munda Arjun Munda 8992.JPG 3 2276 18 March 20032 March 2005
(715)
12 March 200518 September 2006
(555)
11 September 201013 June 2013
(1006)
Raghubar Das Raghuvar Das.jpg 1 1827 28 December 201429 December 2019
(1827)
Key

Karnataka[]

State Name Portrait Term(s) Total tenure length (days) Tenure(s) description
Karnataka B. S. Yediyurappa* The Chief Minister of Karnataka, Shri B.S. Yediyurappa.jpg 4 1526 11 November 200720 November 2007
(9)
30 May 20084 August 2011
(1161)
17 May 201823 May 2018
(6)

26 July 2019 – present
(350)

D. V. Sadananda Gowda Sadananda Gowda.jpg 1 313 4 August 201112 June 2012
(313)
Jagadish Shettar Jagadish Shettar.jpg 1 335 12 June 201213 May 2013
(335)
Key

Madhya Pradesh[]

State Name Portrait Term(s) Total tenure length (days) Tenure(s) description
Madhya Pradesh[δ] Sunder Lal Patwa[ε] 1 1016 5 March 199015 December 1992
(1016)
Uma Bharti Uma Bharati in 2014.jpg 1 259 8 December 200323 August 2004
(259)
Babulal Gaur Babulal gaur.jpg 1 463 23 August 200429 November 2005
(463)
Shivraj Singh Chouhan* Shivraj Singh Chauhan (cropped).jpg 4 4765 29 November 200516 December 2018
(4765)
23 March 2020 – present
(109)
Key

Maharashtra[]

State Name Portrait Term(s) Total tenure length (days) Tenure(s) description
Maharashtra Devendra Fadnavis Devendra Fadnavis Official Photo.jpg 2 1837 31 October 20148 November 2019
(1834)
23 November 201926 November 2019
(3)
Key

Manipur[]

State Name Portrait Term(s) Total tenure length (days) Tenure(s) description
Manipur N. Biren Singh* N. Biren Singh.jpg 1 1213 15 March 2017 – present
(1213)
Key

Rajasthan[]

State Name Portrait Term(s) Total tenure length (days) Tenure(s) description
Rajasthan Bhairon Singh Shekhawat[ζ] BS Shekhawat (cropped).jpg 2 2840 4 March 199015 December 1992
(1017)
4 December 19931 December 1998
(1823)
Vasundhara Raje Vasundhra Raje.jpg 2 3666 8 December 200318 December 2008
(1837)
13 December 2013 – 16 December 2018
(1829)
Key

Tripura[]

The Left Front government was defeated after 25 years of office out in 2018 election, with the Bharatiya Janata Party winning majority of seats and Biplab Kumar Deb becoming the first Chief Minister of Tripura from the Bharatiya Janata Party.

State Name Portrait Term(s) Total tenure length (days) Tenure(s) description
Tripura Biplab Kumar Deb*
Biplab Kumar Deb
1 854 9 March 2018 – present
(854)
Key

Uttarakhand[]

State Name Portrait Term(s) Total tenure length (days) Tenure(s) description
Uttarakhand Nityanand Swami Ex CM Nityanand Swami.jpg 1 355 9 November 200030 October 2001
(355)
Bhagat Singh Koshyari 1 123 30 October 20012 March 2002
(123)
B. C. Khanduri 2 1027 8 March 200728 June 2009
(843)
11 September 201113 March 2012
(184)
Ramesh Pokhriyal 1 805 28 June 200911 September 2011
(805)
Trivendra Singh Rawat* TrivendraSinghRawat.jpg 1 1210 18 March 2017 – present
(1210)
Key

Uttar Pradesh[]

State Name Portrait Term(s) Total tenure length (days) Tenure(s) description
Uttar Pradesh Kalyan Singh Kalyan Singh1.jpg 3 1311 24 June 19916 December 1992
(531)
21 September 1997 - 12 November 1999
(782)
Ram Prakash Gupta 1 351 12 November 199928 October 2000
(351)
Rajnath Singh Rajnath.jpg 1 496 28 October 20008 March 2002
(496)
Yogi Adityanath* Yogi Adityanath.jpg 1 1209 19 March 2017 – present
(1209)
Key

See also[]

Notes[]

  1. ^ Apang was a member of the INC while becoming the chief minister for the first time.[7] However, he left the INC and formed the Arunachal Congress in 1996,[8] and remained the chief minister till 1999.[7] He was reelected as the chief minister in August 2003,[7] and his party merged with the BJP in the same month.[9] However, he again joined the INC in August 2004,[8] and remained seated on the post of chief minister till 2007.[7] He once again joined the BJP in February 2014,[10] but left it in January 2019 and joined the Janata Dal (Secular) in February 2019.[11]
  2. ^ Khandu became the chief minister in July 2016 while being a member of the INC.[12] He joined the People's Party of Arunachal in September 2016,[12] and later defected to the BJP in December 2016.[13]
  3. ^ Shanta Kumar became the chief minister for the first time (1977–1980) while being a member of the JP.[7]
  4. ^ Kailash Chandra Joshi is a BJP leader who became Madhya Pradesh chief minister in 1977 as a member of JP.[7] Virendra Kumar Sakhlecha, who became Madhya Pradesh chief minister in 1978 as a JP member, was also a BJP leader.[7]
  5. ^ Patwa became the chief minister for the first time (January 1980 – February 1980) while being a member of the JP.[7]
  6. ^ Shekhawat became the chief minister for the first time (1977–1980) while being a member of the JP.

References[]

General
Specific
  1. ^ Edward A. Gargan (29 November 1993). "India's Two Major Political Parties Stumble in Regional Elections". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 1 November 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  2. ^ "In Numbers: The Rise of BJP and decline of Congress". Archived from the original on 5 November 2017.
  3. ^ "Sixteenth Lok Sabha". Lok Sabha. Archived from the original on 18 October 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  4. ^ Sagarika Dutt (12 November 2006). India in a Globalised World. Manchester University Press. p. 64. ISBN 9781847792143. Archived from the original on 3 March 2018. Retrieved 27 November 2013. BJP is a right wing party and gives priority to the unity of the country.
  5. ^ Durga Das Basu (1960). Introduction to the Constitution of India (20th ed.). LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. pp. 241, 245. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9.
  6. ^ "Janata Party merged with the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP)". jagranjosh.com. 12 August 2013. Archived from the original on 12 November 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "States of India since 1947". worldstatesmen.org. Archived from the original on 18 June 2008. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  8. ^ a b "Apang back in Cong fold". The Economic Times. 29 August 2004. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  9. ^ "BJP bags its first NE state". The Economic Times. 31 August 2003. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  10. ^ "Congress stalwart Gegong Apang joins BJP". Times Of India. 20 February 2014. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  11. ^ "Arunachal veteran Gegong Apang joins Devegowda's JD(S)". Business Standard. 21 February 2019. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  12. ^ a b "BJP joins Pema Khandu's government in Arunachal Pradesh". Rediff.com. 14 October 2016. Archived from the original on 1 January 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  13. ^ "BJP forms government in Arunachal Pradesh with 33 PPA MLAs joining it". The Economic Times. 31 December 2016. Archived from the original on 1 January 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2016.

External links[]