Leucoanthocyanidin

Leucoanthocyanidin
Flavan-3,4-diol.svg
Leucoanthocyanidin 3D BS.png
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
2-Phenyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-1-benzopyran-3,4-diol
Other names
Flavan-3,4-diol
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
UNII
  • C1=CC=C(C=C1)C2C(C(C3=CC=CC=C3O2)O)O
Properties
C15H14O3
Molar mass 242.274 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Leucoanthocyanidin (flavan-3,4-diols) are colorless chemical compounds related to anthocyanidins and anthocyanins. Leucoanthocyanins can be found in Anadenanthera peregrina and in several species of Nepenthes including N. burbidgeae, N. muluensis, N. rajah, N. tentaculata, and N. × alisaputrana.[citation needed]

Such compounds include:

Leucoanthocyanidins have been demonstrated to be intermediates in anthocyanidin biosynthesis in flowers of Matthiola incana.[2]

Bate-smith recommended in 1954 the use of the Forestal solvent for the isolation of leuco-anthocyanins.[3]

Metabolism[]

Leucoanthocyanidin dioxygenase uses flavan-3,4-diols to produce 3-hydroxyanthocyanidins.[4] The gene encoding the enzyme (PpLDOX) has been identified in peach[5] and expression has been studied in Vitis vinifera.[6]

References[]

  1. ^ Clark-Lewis, JW; Dainis, I (1967). "Flavan derivatives. XIX. Teracacidin and isoteracacidin from Acacia obtusifolia and Acacia maidenii heartwoods; Phenolic hydroxylation patterns of heartwood flavonoids characteristic of sections and subsections of the genus Acacia". Australian Journal of Chemistry. 20 (10): 2191–2198. doi:10.1071/CH9672191.
  2. ^ Leucoanthocyanidins as intermediates in anthocyanidin biosynthesis in flowers of Matthiola incana R. Br. Werner Heller, Lothar Britsch, Gert Forkmann and Hans Grisebach, 1984
  3. ^ Bate-SMITH, EC (September 1954). "Leuco-anthocyanins. 1. Detection and identification of anthocyanidins formed leuco-anthocyanins in plant tissues". Biochem. J. 58 (1): 122–5. doi:10.1042/bj0580122. PMC 1269852. PMID 13198862.
  4. ^ "leucoanthocyanidin dioxygenase on mondofacto.com". Archived from the original on 2012-03-04. Retrieved 2009-09-03.
  5. ^ Leucoanthocyanidin dioxygenase gene (PpLDOX): a potential functional marker for cold storage browning in peach, E. A. Ogundiwin, C. P. Peace, C. M. Nicolet, V. K. Rashbrook, T. M. Gradziel, F. A. Bliss, D. Parfitt and C. H. Crisosto, 2008
  6. ^ Regulation of the leucoanthocyanidin dioxygenase gene expression in Vitis vinifera, Gollop R; Farhi S.; Perl A. 2001