Leila de Lima

The Honorable
Leila de Lima
Leila de Lima (cropped).jpg
Senator of the Philippines
Assumed office
June 30, 2016
Chair of the Philippine Senate
Electoral Reforms and
People's Participation Committee
Assumed office
July 25, 2016
Preceded by Aquilino Pimentel III
Chair of the Philippine Senate
Justice and Human Rights Committee
In office
July 25, 2016 – September 19, 2016
Preceded by Aquilino Pimentel III
Succeeded by Richard J. Gordon
Secretary of Justice
In office
June 30, 2010 – October 12, 2015
President Benigno Aquino III
Preceded by Alberto Agra (acting)
Succeeded by Alfredo Caguioa (acting)
Chairperson of the Philippine Commission on Human Rights
In office
May 2008 – June 30, 2010
President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Preceded by Purificacion Quisumbing
Succeeded by Etta Rosales
Personal details
Born Leila Norma Eulalia Josefa Magistrado de Lima
(1959-08-27) August 27, 1959 (age 58)
Iriga, Camarines Sur, Philippines
Political party Liberal Party (2015–present)
Other political
affiliations
Aksyon Demokratiko (before 2010)
Independent (2010–2015)
Alma mater De La Salle University
San Beda College
Profession Lawyer
Signature

Leila Norma Eulalia Josefa Magistrado de Lima (born August 27, 1959) is a Filipino lawyer, human rights activist, politician. She was appointed by president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo as Chairperson of the Philippine Commission on Human Rights in May 2008 and she served in the commission until June 30, 2010, when she was appointed by President Benigno S. Aquino III as the Philippines' Secretary of the Department of Justice.

She resigned as justice secretary on October 12, 2015, to focus on her candidacy for a seat in the Senate of the Philippines in what was then an oncoming 2016 Philippine general election. She won one of the twelve contested seats and currently serves as a Philippine senator in the Philippines' 17th Congress.

She is a known critic of the Philippine Drug War of the administration of President Rodrigo Duterte. In February 2017, days after garnering international awards for her campaign against extrajudicial killings in the Philippines, she was arrested and charged for being linked to the drug trade during her stint as justice secretary. Her arrest was non-bailable.[1] The evidence against her consists of the testimony of prison inmates, police officers and former prison officials[2]. The Department of Justice is considering the prison inmates' applications for pardon or clemency following their testimony.[3] In October 2017, the prestigious Prize for Freedom was awarded to her for her stand against a dictatorial regime. She was designated as a 'prisoner of conscience' by numerous international human rights organizations.[4][5]

Early life[]

She is the eldest daughter of the former Philippine COMELEC Commissioner Vicente de Lima and Norma Magistrado.[6][7] She was born and raised in Iriga of the province of Camarines Sur, Philippines.[7] De Lima's aunt, Julie de Lima, married Communist Party of the Philippines founder Jose Maria Sison, making him Leila de Lima's uncle by marriage. [8]

De Lima completed her basic education, graduating as class valedictorian.[7] She graduated in 1980 from the De La Salle University with an AB History degree.[7] She finished her Bachelor of Laws (Salutatorian) degree at the San Beda College of Law in 1985.[7]

Early legal career[]

De Lima began her legal career as legal staff to Supreme Court associate justice Isagani Cruz from 1986 to 1989.[7] She joined the Jardeleza Sobreviñas Diaz Hayudini and Bodegon Law Offices in 1989 where she served as a junior associate.[7] She worked in the same position at the Jardeleza Law Offices from 1991 to 1993.[7]

De Lima joined the Philippine government in 1993 as a clerk and secretary of the House of Representatives Electoral Tribunal.[7] She resigned in 1995 to return to private practice.[7] She then joined Roco, Buñag, Kapunan and Migallos law firm as its junior partner.[7]

In 1998 she set up her own firm, The De Lima Law Firm, and served as counsel in various election cases, most notable of which was the electoral protest of Aquilino "Koko" Pimentel III in the 2007 Senate election over the 12th seat occupied by Miguel Zubiri.[7] De Lima also served as a legal counsel to the campaign of Alan Peter Cayetano during his campaign in the Philippine Senate election, 2007.[7] She was also a professor of law at the San Beda College of Law during her private practice.[7]

Human rights commissioner[]

Under President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, Leila de Lima was appointed Chairperson of the Philippine Commission on Human Rights.[7] As human rights commissioner, de Lima investigated the Davao death squads,[9] Jovito Palparan,[8] and the Maguindanao massacre. These investigations would later lead to her feud with Rodrigo Duterte, who would later become president and would imprison her through the usage of the Department of Justice.[10]

Justice secretary[]

When Benigno Aquino III took over, de Lima was tapped as Secretary of the Department of Justice under the President-elect's new Cabinet.[7] On July 2, 2010, de Lima took over the helm of the Philippine Department of Justice.[7] On August 27, 2015, Justice Secretary de Lima assisted Isaias Samson, an expelled Minister of Iglesia ni Cristo, in filing a case against the sect.[11] Allegations that de Lima used her position as Justice secretary with regards to the New Bilibid Prison resulted in criminal complaints against her in 2017. However, it would later be revealed that she was the first justice secretary to investigate the drug lords of New Bilibid Prison, running counter to the complaints filed against her. Despite this, her arrest was made concrete with the backing of Rodrigo Duterte.[12][13]

Senator[]

De Lima condemned the Philippine Drug War and urged the Philippine Congress to investigate.[14] She called for an end of vigilante killings of drug suspects. On her privilege speech at Senate on August 2, she noted that "we cannot wage the war against drugs with blood..."[15] De Lima laments the indifference of the new government to extrajudicial killings and warns that more innocent people will suffer if the killings fail to stop.[16]

On August 17, 2016, the Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte alleged that de Lima had been having an affair with her driver, Ronnie Dayan, who Duterte also alleged functioned as De Lima’s collector for drug protection money when she was the Justice secretary.[17][18] Duterte also alleged that De Lima’s driver had been using drugs.[19] Duterte later claimed that he had in his possession wiretaps and ATM records which confirmed his allegations. He explained that he had received them from an unnamed foreign country.[20] In September 2016, de Lima was removed from her position chairing a Senate Justice and Human Rights committee investigating extrajudicial killings.[21] De Lima, later, admitted that she had a relationship with Dayan many years ago. Justice secretary Vitaliano Aguirre called on convicted drug lords, former prison officials and police officers as prime witnesses against de Lima in the Congressional probe on illegal drug trafficking in the New Bilibid Prison.[22][23][24] Dayan went into hiding after being advised by De Lima to not attend the House probe, but he was captured days later.[25]

Detention[]

Senator Leila De Lima listens to a PNP-CIDG officer who served the warrant for her arrest at the Senate grounds in Pasay. February 24, 2017.

In December 2016, de Lima received praise from international human rights advocates and journalists for her criticism of Duterte's Drug War despite political repression against her.[26][27] On February 17, 2017, a local court pressed drug-related charges against de Lima.[28] On February 23, a Muntinlupa Regional Trial Court issued an arrest warrant against de Lima for allegedly violating the drug trafficking law.[29][30] De Lima faces drug related cases for allegedly using her position as Secretary of Justice to acquire money from drug pushers to make their drug business operational even though they are imprisoned. De Lima turned herself in the following morning of February 24, officially becoming the first political prisoner under the regime of Rodrigo Duterte. She has also been referred to as a 'prisoner of conscience' by numerous international human rights organizations.[31][32]

Calls for release[]

On March 16, 2017, the European Parliament condemned the wave of killings in the Philippines and called for De Lima's release.[33] It expressed serious concerns that the offences Senator De Lima has been charged with are almost entirely fabricated.[34] Amnesty International regards de Lima as a prisoner of conscience.[35] Despite her imprisonment, de Lima continues to oppose the policies of Duterte and remains a member of the Philippine Senate and the Liberal Party.[36][37][38] She was part olf the debate regarding martial law.[39] In late July 2017, de Lima was visited by members of the European Parliament and the Liberal International.[40][41] She was unable to vote against the martial law extension because of her detention.[40] She petitioned her release but the Supreme Court rejected her request, and later slapped her with the affirmation of the release of numerous prisoners guilty of graft or corruption during the previous administrations. In September, the Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats (CALD) demanded the immediate release of de Lima and the restoration of human rights in the Philippines.[42]On the same month, de Lima's ally in the Senate, Risa Hontiveros, caught justice secretary Vitaliano Aguirre II drafting fabricated charges against her through text messages durng a hearing on the deaths of minors caused by the Philippine Drug War. The same tactic was used by the same secretary against de Lima, which led to her arrest.[43]

Statements from prison[]

By October 2017, de Lima released numerous statements while in prison condemning the death toll of the Philippine Drug War which has increased to 14,000 Filipino deaths, where a huge number were children, infants, and teenagers. In November 2017, de Lima was awarded the Prize for Freedom by Liberal International, becoming the second Filipino to receive the prestigious award after Corazon Aquino.[44] On December 5, 2017, she was again bestowed with the Leading Global Thinker award by Foreign Policy for the second consecutive year. In the same month, de Lima criticized Duterte for his pivot to China, citing what happened in Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Malaysia, and Cambodia, where those countries were put by China in a debt trap after accepting Chinese loans, leading to China's economic control on those countries.[45] In January 2018, de Lima hit Duterte when it was revealed that the debt of the country ballooned to 6.6 trillion and the debt-to-GDP ratio expanded into 36. 4%.[46][47] She also criticized the government for 'bowing down' to China amidst the disputes in the West Philippine Sea and Philippine Rise.[48][49][50]

In February 1, 2018 senator de Lima topped Asian Correspondent's list of five prominent Southeast Asian leaders and human rights defenders who are facing charges for defying the norm.[51] In February 3, de Lima was dubbed as the "conscience of our time" by an independent news agency.[52] In February 5, the Ombudsman of the Philippines cleared de Lima from all charges of financial terrorism and violation of the anti-graft law.[53] In February 20, during the World Day of Social Justice, all ethics complaints filed against de Lima were junked by the Philippine Senate.[54][55] A day later, the ASEAN Parliamentarians for Human Rights (APHR) called for the immediate and unconditional release of Senator de Lima and cited her 'heroism'[56] against corruption and autocracy.[57][58] It was followed by the Senate minority bloc, liberal members of the House of Representatives, and Amnesty International pushing anew for the release of de Lima.[59][60][61] In February 23, de Lima's supporters launched an e-book in the Quezon office of the Philippine Commission on Human Rights, entitled, "Dispatches from Crame I", which contained almost half of all the letters and statements written by de Lima during her first year of incarceration.[62][63] At the same time, the nationwide student walkout versus Duterte was made throughout the country, notably in Baguio City, Tacloban City, Iloilo City, and Metro Manila.[64] In February 24, de Lima marked her first year of imprisonment under the Duterte regime through a mass with her family and close friends.[65][66] Journalists were barred from entering Camp Crame or interviewing anyone throughout the day.[67] The spokesman of Duterte greeted de Lima on her first year 'celebration' in jail, and told media that the president wanted her to rot in jail.[68]

In March 3, 2018, de Lima sought the approval of the court to let her attend the looming impeachment trial against Chief Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno, which was filed by Duterte cronies to control the judiciary. Sereno is the first woman to hold the position.[69][70] She also sought Senate inquiries regarding the terms of loans of the government's infrastructure program, which has indebted the country vigorously in just a few months,[71] and the anti-money laundering law compliance after the Ombudsman dropped all money laundering cases against Duterte due to the incumbent administration's threats.[72] In March 10, a court approved de Lima's medical furlough due to problems in her liver.[73] In March 13, the self-confessed drug lords used by the Department of Justice against de Lima were freed by the government due to 'lack of evidences'.[74][75] In March 29, the Asia-Pacific magazine, The Diplomat, named de Lima among Southeast Asia's Women to Watch.[76] On the same day, the Human Rights Watch (HRW) and the Inter Parliamentary Union (IPU) called for the release of de Lima due to the insufficiency of evidence filed against her.[77][78] In April 4, de Lima filed a dismissal for the ouster petition filed against Chief Justice Sereno.[79] In April 20, de Lima was named by Fortune Magazine as one of the 'World's 50 Greatest Leaders' for 2018.[80]

Political positions[]

Justice and extra-judicial killings (EJK)[]

De Lima, who chaired the Commission on Human Rights and was Justice Secretary, is the face of the anti-EJK campaign in the Philippines. She is against the brutal ways propelled by the deadly Philippine Drug War. Her position and investigation on the war irked Philippine president Rodrigo Duterte and led to her imprisonment through trumped-up charges with no concrete evidences.[81]

Social inequality[]

De Lima has said that 'poverty is the greatest injustice among Filipinos', however acknowledged that in reality, poverty cannot be totally eradicated, but through education, it can be reduced. She also stated that she aims to spearhead a law that would give free education, especially to the children of farmers. De Lima supported the Free Tertiary Education Act in the Senate, despite not being able to vote for it as she was imprisoned and barred by the Duterte administration. She also supported the LGBT-backed anti-discrimination bill, although barred from voting for its passage.[81]

Climate change and disasters[]

De Lima believes that the PH-US Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement (EDCA) will serve the Filipino people well as it can be used to aid the Philippines when disasters strike. She is also in favor of the Paris Agreement, especially since the Philippines is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world when it comes to climate change.[81]

Foreign policy[]

De Lima supports the strong strategic partnership of the United States and the Philippines, calling the Supreme Court's favorable ruling on EDCA as a "much needed boost" to the country's armed forces modernization. De Lima was a member of the Visiting Forces Agreement Commission. In the disputes of the Philippines with China, specifically the West Philippine Sea, she believes that the best tactic of the Philippines is through the international courts and diplomacy and to push the Hague tribunal ruling as it favors the Philippines. For the Philippine Rise issue, De Lima reiterates that the territory is within Philippine jurisdiction as it was handed down by an international court to the Philippines back in 2011.[81]

Peace in Mindanao[]

De Lima was one of the few personalities in government who continued to back the Bangsamoro Basic Law as she believed that Muslim Filipinos have the right to be given such a legislation, despite the odds against its passage. She defended the constitutionality of the Bangsamoro Basic Law against anti-Muslim personalities.[81]

Honors and recognition[]

Writings[]

In February 22, 2018, senator Leila de Lima announced that she shall launch an e-book, entitled, "Dispatches from Crame I" on February 23, a day before the anniversary of her incarceration. On February 23, the e-book was officially launched in the Quezon city office of the Philippine Commission on Human Rights. The e-book contained all the statements and letters written by de Lima since she was detained in February 24, 2017. It also contained statements from her supporters from various local and international organizations and personalities.[62][63]

Personal life[]

De Lima has a son, named Israel, who is an 'inspiration' to her. She is fond of both dogs, which visit her in prison occasionally, and stray cats, who she feed everyday inside her detention cell.[63][84] She is a practicing Catholic.[85]

References[]

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Senate of the Philippines
Preceded by
Aquilino Pimentel III
Chair of the Philippine Senate Electoral Reforms and
People's Participation Committee

2016–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Aquilino Pimentel III
Chair of the Philippine Senate
Justice and Human Rights Committee

2016
Succeeded by
Richard J. Gordon
Political offices
Preceded by
Alberto Agra
Acting
Secretary of Justice
2010–2015
Succeeded by
Alfredo Caguioa
Acting
Preceded by
Purificacion Quisumbing
Chairperson of the Philippine Commission on Human Rights
2008-2010
Succeeded by
Etta Rosales