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The elections of 18 April 1948 were the first elections are the first Italian republic, after those of two years prior to the establishment of the Constituent Assembly. The Italian Constitution came into force, creating the first effective government.
The government broke down after about two years. The Prime Minister, Alcide De Gasperi decided to resign following the hostile reaction of the Liberal Party over land law. On 14 January 1950 De Gasperi resigned and on 27 January, a new government was formed without the support of the liberals.