|Founded||11 June 1999|
|Part of||North Atlantic Treaty Organization|
|MG Lorenzo D'Addario, EI|
The Kosovo Force (KFOR) is a NATO-led international peacekeeping force which is responsible for establishing a safe and secure environment and freedom of movement for all in Kosovo. Its operations are being gradually reduced as Kosovo's Security Force, established in 2009, becomes self sufficient.
The KFOR entered Kosovo on 11 June 1999, two days after the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 1244. At the time, Kosovo was facing a grave humanitarian crisis, with military forces from Yugoslavia in action against the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) in daily engagements. Nearly one million people had fled Kosovo as refugees by that time, and many did not permanently return.
The KFOR has gradually transferred responsibilities to the Kosovo Police and other local authorities. As of February 2019, 28 states contribute to the KFOR, with a combined strength of more than 3,500 military and civilian personnel.
NATO's initial mandate in 1999 for the KFOR was:
Today, KFOR focuses on building a secure environment in which all citizens, irrespective of their ethnic origins, can live in peace and, with international aid, democracy and civil society are gradually gaining strength. KFOR tasks have included:
KFOR contingents were originally grouped into 4 regionally based multinational brigades. The brigades were responsible for a specific area of operations, but under a single chain of command under the authority of Commander KFOR. In August 2005, the North Atlantic Council decided to restructure KFOR, replacing the four existing multinational brigades with five task forces, to allow for greater flexibility with, for instance, the removal of restrictions on the cross-boundary movement of units based in different sectors of Kosovo. Then in February 2010, the Multinational Task Forces became Multinational Battle Groups and in March 2011, KFOR was restructured again, into just two multinational battlegroups; one based at Camp Bondsteel, and one based at Peć.
At its height, KFOR troops numbered 50,000 and came from 39 different NATO and non-NATO nations. The official KFOR website indicated that in 2008 a total 14,000 soldiers from 34 countries were participating in KFOR.
The following is a list of the total number of troops which have participated in the KFOR mission. Much of the force has been scaled down since 2008, and so current numbers are reflected here as well:
On 14 January 2017, the Belgrade-Kosovska Mitrovica train incident happened when a Serbian train was prevented from entering Kosovo.
The 2014 student protest in Kosovo demanded the resignation or dismissal of the University of Pristina Rector.
On 19 April 2013, the Belgrade Pristina Normalization Agreement was concluded .
The 2013 protests in Kosovo began with increases in electricity bills and turned into a protest against corruption.
Beginning July 2011 until 2012, a series of confrontations in North Kosovo resulting in multiple deaths and injuries.
The 25 August 2009 Pristina protests resulted in vehicle damages and multiple injuries.
In 2008 unrest in Kosovo with protests and instances of violence.
The 10 February 2007 protest in Kosovo resulted in 2 deaths and many injuries.
The 2004 unrest in Kosovo was the worst ethnic violence since 1999, leaving hundreds wounded and at least 14 people dead.
Major initiatives were undertaken to ensure that Sexual Exploitation and Abuse is accounted for and victims get support they need when, according to some international organizations after KFOR and other organizations were established, Kosovo became a major destination country for women and young girls trafficked into forced prostitution. 
Since the KFOR entered Kosovo in June 1999, soldiers from Austria, Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and the United States of America fell in the accomplishment of their duty.
The biggest fatal event is that of the 42 Slovak soldiers dead in a military plane crash in Hungary.
In 20 years, more than 200 NATO soldiers have lost their lives serving to ensure peace and stability for the people of Kosovo.
After the 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence the commander of NATO forces in Kosovo said on 20 February 2008 that he did not plan to step up security in the tense north despite Kosovo Serbs forcing the temporary closure of two boundary crossings between Kosovo and uncontested Serbia.
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