Kōwa (Heian period)

Kowa (康和) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, "year name") after Jōtoku and before Chōji. This period spanned the years from August 1099 through February 1104.[1] The reigning emperor was Horikawa-tennō (堀河天皇).[2]

Change of Era[]

Events of the Kōwa Era[]

Notes[]

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kowa" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 566, p. 566, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File Archived 2012-05-24 at Archive.is.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 172–177; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 317–320; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 202.
  3. ^ Brown, p. 319.
  4. ^ Titsingh, pp. 176–177.
  5. ^ a b Titsingh, p. 177.

References[]

External links[]

Preceded by
Jōtoku
Era or nengō
Kōwa

1099–1104
Succeeded by
Chōji