June 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

The Eastern Orthodox cross

May 31 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - June 2

All fixed commemorations below celebrated on June 14 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For June 1st, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on May 19.


Pre-Schism Western Saints[]

Post-Schism Orthodox Saints[]

New Martyrs and Confessors[]

Other Commemorations[]

Icon Gallery[]


  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ Name days celebrated today include:
    • Pyrros, Pyros (Πύρρος).
  3. ^ "In Cappadocia, in the time of the emperor Alexander and the prefect Simplicius, the holy martyr Thespesius, who, after undergoing many torments, was beheaded."[8]
  4. ^ "In Egypt, under the emperor Diocletian, the holy martyrs Ischyrion, military officer, and five other soldiers, who were put to death in different manners for the faith of Christ."[8]
  5. ^ "Also, St. Firmus, martyr, who was scourged most severely, struck with stones, and finally decapitated during the persecution of Maximian."[8]
  6. ^ Martyr Gerasimos is unknown in the Synaxarium. His memory is recorded in a Codex of the Moni Vlatadon (which was founded c. 1351 in Thessaloniki).
  7. ^ Soldiers in the imperial army martyred in Perugia in Italy under Decius. Their relics were translated to Arona near Milan in 979.
  8. ^ "At Perugia, the holy martyrs Felinus and Gratinian, soldiers under Decius, who were variously tortured, and thus by a glorious death won the palm of martyrdom."[8]
  9. ^ Born in Italy, Reverianus, a bishop, and Paul, a priest, went to France. They enlightened Autun and the surrounding area and were martyred with several companions under Aurelian.
  10. ^ "At Autun, the Saints Reverian, bishop, and Paul, priest, with ten others, who were crowned with martyrdom under the emperor Aurelian."[8]
  11. ^ "At Citta-di-Castello, in Umbria, St. Crescentian, a Eoman soldier, crowned with martyrdom under the same emperor."[8]
  12. ^ "At Amelia, in the reign of Diocletian, St. Secundus, martyr, who consummated his martyrdom by being thrown into the Tiber."[8]
  13. ^ At Montefalco in Umbria, St. Fortunatus, a priest renowned for his virtues and his miracles.
  14. ^ Born in France, he went to live as a hermit to the island of Lérins. He was followed by Sts Honoratus and Venantius. Together they went to the East to learn from the monasteries there. Venantius reposed in Greece; the other two returned to Lérins, where St Honoratus founded the monastery of Lérins. Later he became Bishop of Arles and was succeeded by Caprasius as abbot.
  15. ^ [Venerated in Brittany, and especially at Quimper. There was another S. Ronan, first abbot of Drumshallon, in Ireland, who died of the great plague in the year 665. Another S. Ronan was brother of S. Carnech, who died in 530. Another S. Ronan was a monk, who having learned abroad the right lime for celebrating Easter, endeavoured to force S. Finan, the successor of S. Aidan in the see of Lindisfarne, to give up the Keltic rite for the Roman one. Ronan, says Bede III., c. 28, "nequaquam Finanum emendare potuit; quia potius, quod esset homo ferocis animi, acerbiorem castigando et apertum veritatis adversarium reddidit." It is not easy at first sight to determine whether by the "man of ferocious or rough mind" Bede meant Finan or Ronan; but the phrase "castigando," used by him to denote Ronan's mode of arguing, a mode very unbecoming towards a bishop, inclines one to think that he alluded to Ronan, who appears to have been a bitter (acerrimus) disputant. Colgan says that this S. Ronan was venerated in Brittany, and he has printed the Acts of the Brittany saint on Jan. 8th, the day on which the Ronan mentioned by Bede is venerated. But he made a mistake, the two saints are quite distinct. Authority: — The life of S. Ronan in the Quimper Breviary. In France S. Ronan is called S. Renan.]
    "S. Ronan, an Irish bishop, left his native island at the end of the 5th century, and came to Leon in Brittany, where he retired into a hermitage in the forest of Nevet. He received Grallo, king of Brittany, in his little cell on many occasions, as the king loved to spend long hours with him, hearing him speak and asking him questions. The story told in the Quimper Breviary is that the wife of the king, whose name was Queban, one day put her little daughter, aged five, in a box with bread and milk, whilst she devoted her time to more agreeable pursuits than looking after the children. But the little girl got a crust down her throat and choked. The queen, in a great fright, shut up the box and rushed screaming about in quest of her child, who, she pretended, had strayed. She found her way to the hermits' cell, where her husband was conversing on theology with the Irish saint. The woman at once began to storm at the hermit for detaining the king so long from home. "But for you!" exclaimed she, with truly feminine rapidity of arriving at a conclusion, "my daughter would not have been lost." "Fie, bold woman," said S. Ronan; "tell no more falsehoods, the child is in a box with a bowl of milk and some bread at home." And he rose up, and followed by the king and the queen, sought the palace, where he found the damsel, in the box, as he had said. Then Queban was stoned with stones till she died, and Ronan, casting him self on his knees, restored the dead girl to life."[24]
  16. ^ An Anglo-Saxon holy woman, martyred by the Danes in Dorset in England. Her relics still exist in their shrine at Whitchurch Canonicorum: the only ones to have survive in a parish church in England. Pilgrims still honour her at the shrine and there is a holy well[25] at Morcombe Lake nearby. (See also: Saint Wite's Cross).
  17. ^ "ST. WISTAN, King and Martyr, was the son of Alfleda, descended from the ancient royal race of Mercia, and Wimund, son of Wiglaf, actually reigning under the suzerainty of the kings of Wessex. For withstanding the marriage, in contempt of the laws of the Church, of Bertferth his godfather (son of Bertwulf, the successor of Wiglaf on the throne of Mercia) with his widowed mother Alfleda, the innocent youth was cruelly slain, and secretly buried by Bertferth, at a place in Leicestershire, since called, from the Martyr, Wistanstow, now Wistow. Over this spot a pillar of heavenly light was seen for the space of thirty days. St. Wistan's body, thus revealed, was taken up and carried to the Abbey of Repton in Derbyshire, the place of sepulture of his grandfather Wiglaf, where his relics were held in veneration until the eleventh century, when they were translated to the Abbey of Evesham."[28]
  18. ^ "The liturgical commemoration of Venerable Justin will be celebrated on June 1 according to the old calendar (June 14 according to the new calendar)."[37]
  19. ^ He was canonized by the Ukrainian Orthodox Church on June 22, 1993. And in August 2000, he was numbered among the New Martyrs and Confessors of Russia.
  20. ^ In August of 1743 the Hieromonk Matthew came to the island of Lefkada from the monastery of Doukisou near Trikala, bringing with him the holy relic (skull) of Saint Bessarion (†1540), Archbishop of Larissa (September 15). With the Saints' intercession they were delivered from the terrible disease, and erected a church in his honour. Today the area is called "St Kara" (Greek: «Ἁγία Κάρα»).


  1. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἰουστίνος ὁ Μάρτυρας ὁ Φιλόσοφος. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  2. ^ Martyr Justin the Philosopher and those with him at Rome. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  3. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Εὐέλπιστος, Ἱέρακας, Ἰουστίνος, Ἰούστος, Λιβεριανός, Παίωνας, Χαρίτων καὶ Χαρίτη οἱ Μάρτυρες. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  4. ^ Martyr Chariton with his wife and those with him at Rome. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  5. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Νέων ὁ Μάρτυρας. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  6. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Πύρρος. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  7. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Θεσπέσιος ὁ Μάρτυρας. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp. 159-160.
  9. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἰσχυρίων ὁ Μάρτυρας καὶ οἱ σὺν αὐτῷ. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  10. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι δέκα χιλιάδες Μάρτυρες. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  11. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Φίρμος ὁ Μάρτυρας. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  12. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Γεράσιμος ὁ Μάρτυρας. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  13. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὠφέλιμος Διήγησις γεωργοῦ τινος Μετρίου ὀνομαζομένου.1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  14. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Φελινὸς καὶ Γρατινιανὸς οἱ Μάρτυρες. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n June 1. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  16. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "SS. GRATIAN AND FELINUS, MM. (UNCERTAIN.)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Sixth: June. London: John C. Nimmo, 1897. p. 1.
  17. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Ρεβεριανὸς καὶ Παῦλος οἱ Ἱερομάρτυρες καὶ οἱ σὺν αὐτοῖς. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  18. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Κρεσκεντιανὸς ὁ Μάρτυρας. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  19. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Πρόκλος ὁ Μάρτυρας. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  20. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Σεκοῦνδος ὁ Μάρτυρας. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  21. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Φουρτουνάτος ὁ Θαυματουργός. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  22. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Καρπάσιος τῶν Λερίνων. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  23. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ρουαδανὸς τῆς Κορνουάλης. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  24. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. RONAN, B.H. (6TH CENT.)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Sixth: June. London: John C. Nimmo, 1897. pp. 4-5.
  25. ^ Andy Anderson. St Wite's Well Archived 2011-05-17 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved: 2012-04-24.
  26. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. WISTAN, K.M. (A.D. 749.)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Sixth: June. London: John C. Nimmo, 1897. p. 5.
  27. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Οὐϊστάνος ἐξ Ἀγγλίας. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  28. ^ Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. pp. 249-250.
  29. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἀγαπητὸς ὁ Ἀνάργυρος καὶ Ἰαματικός. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  30. ^ Venerable Agapitus the Unmercenary Physician of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  31. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Διονύσιος ὁ Θαυματουργός τοῦ Γλουσέτσκ. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  32. ^ Venerable Dionysius the Abbot of Glushetsk, Vologda. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  33. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Σίος ὁ Ὁσιομάρτυρας. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  34. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Σύναξις τῶν Ἁγίων Δαβίδ, Γαβριὴλ καὶ Παύλου Ὁσιομαρτύρων ἐκ Γεωργίας. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  35. ^ Fathers martyred by the Dagestanians. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  36. ^ a b June 1/14. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  37. ^ a b The Serbian Orthodox Church in North and South America. SPECIAL COMMUNIQUE OF THE HOLY ASSEMBLY OF BISHOPS OF THE SERBIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH. Thursday, April 29, 2010.
  38. ^ a b (in Russian) 1 июня (ст.ст.) 14 июня 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
  39. ^ The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.40.
  40. ^ a b June 14 / June 1. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  41. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Μνήμη θαύματος ἀπαλλαγῆς τῆς νήσου Λευκάδος ἐκ τῆς πανώλης. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.


Greek Sources

Russian Sources