June is the sixth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and the second month to have the length of 30 days. June contains the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere, the day with the most daylight hours, and the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere, the day with the fewest daylight hours (excluding polar regions in both cases). June in the Northern Hemisphere is the seasonal equivalent to December in the Southern Hemisphere and vice versa. In the Northern hemisphere, the beginning of the traditional astronomical summer is 21 June (meteorological summer begins on 1 June). In the Southern hemisphere, meteorological winter begins on 1 June.
At the start of June, the sun rises in the constellation of Taurus; at the end of June, the sun rises in the constellation of Gemini. However, due to the precession of the equinoxes, June begins with the sun in the astrological sign of Gemini, and ends with the sun in the astrological sign of Cancer.
Etymology and History
The Latin name for June is Junius. Ovid offers multiple etymologies for the name in the Fasti, a poem about the Roman calendar. The first is that the month is named after the Roman goddess Juno, the goddess of marriage and the wife of the supreme deity Jupiter; the second is that the name comes from the Latin word iuniores, meaning "younger ones", as opposed to maiores ("elders") for which the preceding month May (Maius) may be named.
In ancient Rome, the period from mid-May through mid-June was considered inauspicious for marriage. Ovid says that he consulted the Flaminica Dialis, the high priestess of Jupiter, about setting a date for his daughter's wedding, and was advised to wait till after June 15. Plutarch, however, implies that the entire month of June was more favorable for weddings than May.
Certain meteor showers take place in June. The Arietids takes place May 22 to July 2 each year, and peaks on June 7. The Beta Taurids June 5 to July 18. The June Bootids take place roughly between 26 June and 2 July each year.
Ancient Roman observances
Under the calendar of ancient Rome, the festival of Ludi Fabarici took place on May 29 - June 1, Kalendae Fabariae took place on June 1, the Festival to Bellona took place on June 3, Ludi Piscatorii took place on June 7, and Vestalia took place from June 7-June 15. A Rosalia was held on June 20. The Secular Games were held roughly every 100 years in either May or June. These dates does not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar.
Events in June
June, from the Très riches heures du duc de Berry
Non-Gregorian observances, 2017
(Please note that all Baha'i, Islamic, and Jewish observances begin on sundown prior to the date listed, and end on the sundown of the date in question unless otherwise noted.)
- May 27-June 24: Ramadan (Islamic calendar)
- May 31-June 1: Shavuot (Hebrew calendar)
- June 4: Anniversary of the Death of Khomeini (Iranian calendar)
- June 5: Revolt of Khordad 15 (Iranian calendar)
- June 5: Nirjala Ekadashi (Hinduism)
- June 7: Skira (Attic calendar, (modern Hellenistic neo-paganism)
- June 8: Vat Purnima (Hinduism)
- June 9: Buphonia (Attic calendar, (modern Hellenistic neo-paganism)
- June 9: Garangao (Islamic calendar)
- June 10: Gargee'an (Islamic calendar)
- June 14-18: Raja (festival) (Hinduism)
- June 15: Shia Day of Remembrance: Conquest of Mecca (Islamic calendar, Shia sect only)
- June 16: Shia Day of Mourning: Martyrdom of Imam Ali (Islamic calendar, Shia sect only, public holiday in Iran)
- June 17: Shabbat Mevorchim (Hebrew calendar)
- June 17: Shia Day of Remembrance: Nuzool Quran (Islamic calendar, Shia sect only)
- June 18: Laylat al-Qadr (Islamic calendar, Shia date)
- June 22: Laylat al-Qadr (Islamic calendar, Sunni date)
- June 22: Yom Kippur Katan (optional, Hebrew calendar)
- June 23: Jumu'atul-Wida/Quds Day (Islamic calendar)
- June 24: Amavasya (Hinduism) 
- June 25: Matariki (Māori)
- June 25: Ratha-Yatra (Hinduism)
- June 24: Hecate's Deipnon (Attic calendar, (modern Hellenistic neo-paganism)
- June 25: Noumenia (Attic calendar, (modern Hellenistic neo-paganism)
- June 25: Rosh Chodesh of Tammuz Hebrew calendar)
- June 25-26: Eid al-Fitr (Islamic calendar)
- June 27: 3 Tammuz (Chabad sect only, Hebrew calendar)
Movable observances, 2017
First Friday: June 2
First Saturday: June 3
First Sunday: June 4
First Monday: June 5
First Wednesday: June 7
Second Thursday: June 8
Second Saturday: June 10
Second Sunday: June 11
Third Week: June 11–17
Monday after the second Saturday: June 12
Second Monday: June 12
Third Friday: June 16
Third Saturday: June 17
Third Sunday: June 18
- Father's Day (Afghanistan, Albania, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Brunei, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curaçao, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Dominica, Ecuador, Ethiopia, France, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guyana, Hong Kong, Hungary, India, Ireland, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kuwait, Laos, Macau, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, People's Republic of China, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, and Zimbabwe).
Summer Solstice in the Northern Hemisphere
Winter Solstice in the Southern Hemisphere
Friday following Third Sunday: June 23
Saturday between June 20–25: June 24
Last Saturday: June 24
Monday Nearest to June 24: June 25
Last Thursday: June 29
Last Sunday: June 30
Fixed Gregorian observances
- ^ Ovid, Fasti VI.1–88; H.H. Scullard, Festivals and Ceremonies of the Roman Republic (Cornell University Press, 1981), p. 126.
- ^ Scullard, Festivals and Ceremonies, p. 126.
- ^ Karen K. Hersch, The Roman Wedding: Ritual and Meaning in Antiquity (Cambridge University Press, 2010), p. 47.
- ^ admin (December 16, 2016). "Nirjala Ekadashi 2017". ekadashivrat.com.
- ^ a b c d "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-01-02. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
- ^ "Amavasya 2017 Date and Time – Amavasi Calendar in 2017 - The No moon Day in Hindu Calendar 2017". www.hindu-blog.com.
- ^ "Matariki - the Māori New Year - Ministry for Culture and Heritage". www.mch.govt.nz.
- ^ "Greater Victoria - Bike To Work BC". www.biketowork.ca.
- ^ AnydayGuide. "Armenia. List of Holidays".
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