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July is the seventh month of the year (between June and August) in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and the fourth month to have the length of 31 days. It was named by the Roman Senate in honour of Roman general Julius Cæsar, it being the month of his birth. Prior to that, it was called Quintilis.

It is on average the warmest month in most of the Northern hemisphere, where it is the second month of summer, and the coldest month in much of the Southern hemisphere, where it is the second month of winter. The second half of the year commences in July. In the Southern hemisphere, July is the seasonal equivalent of January in the Northern hemisphere.

"Dog days" are considered to begin in early July in the Northern Hemisphere, when the hot sultry weather of summer usually starts. Spring lambs born in late winter or early spring are usually sold before 1 July.

July is the traditional period known as "fence month," the closed season for deer in England. The end of England's High Court of Justice Trinity Term takes place on 31 July. July is also the time in which the elections take place for the Japanese House of Councillors, held every three years and replacing half of its seats.

In Ancient Rome, the festival of Poplifugia was celebrated on 5 July, and Ludi Apollinares was held on 13 July and for several days afterwards. However, these dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar.


This list does not necessarily imply either official status nor general observance.

Fireworks in Washington, DC, to celebrate Independence Day on July 4

Month-long observances[]

Non-Gregorian observances, 2017[]

(Please note that all Baha'i, Islamic, and Jewish observances begin on sundown prior to the date listed, and end on the sundown of the date in question unless otherwise noted.)

Movable observances, 2017[]

First Saturday: 1 July[]

First Saturday and Sunday: 1-2July[]

First Sunday: 2 July[]

Sunday closest to 2 July: 2 July[]

First full week in July: 2-8 July[]

First Monday: 3 July[]

Day after first Monday: 4 July[]

5 July or following Monday if it's a weekend: 5 July[]

First Friday: 7 July[]

Second Sunday: 9 July[]

Nearest Sunday to 11 July: 9 July[]

Second Thursday: 13 July[]

Third Sunday: 16 July[]

Third Monday: 17 July[]

Third Monday and Tuesday: 17-18 July[]

Weekend of fourth Saturday: 22-23 July[]

Fourth Sunday: 23 July[]

Second to last Sunday: 23 July[]

Fourth Thursday: 27 July[]

Thursday before the first Monday in August[]

Following Friday[]

Fourth Friday[]

Last Friday[]

Last Saturday[]

Last Sunday: 30 July[]

Movable Western Christian observances[]

Movable Eastern Christian observances[]

Fixed Gregorian observances[]

July symbols[]

See also[]


External links[]