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Jacopo Sadoleto (July 12, 1477 – October 18, 1547) was an Italian Roman Catholic cardinal and counterreformer noted for his correspondence with and opposition to John Calvin.
Life [ ]
He was born at
Modena in 1477, the son of a noted jurist, he acquired reputation as a neo-Latin poet, his best-known piece being one on the group of Laocoön. In Rome, he obtained the patronage of Cardinal Carafa and adopted the ecclesiastical career. Pope Leo X chose him as his secretary along with Pietro Bembo, and in 1517 made him  bishop of Carpentras.
A faithful servant of the
papacy in many negotiations under successive popes, especially as a peacemaker, his major aim was to win back the Protestants by peaceful persuasion and by putting Catholic doctrine in a conciliatory form. Sadoleto was a diligent bishop, made cardinal in 1536, given the titular church of San Callisto.
In 1539 Cardinal Sadoleto wrote to the people of
Geneva, urging them to return to the Catholic faith. John Calvin had been asked to leave Geneva the previous year, and was living in Strasbourg, but the Genevans still asked Calvin to write a response to Sadoleto, which he did.
Sadolato died in Rome, aged 70
Works [ ]
Sadoleto, Jacopo (1760). (in Latin). Pars prima. Roma: Generoso Salomoni. Epistolae quotquot extant proprio nomine scripta
Sadoleto, Jacopo (1760). (in Latin). Pars secunda. Rome: Generoso Salamoni. Epistolae quotquot extant proprio nomine scripta
Sadoleto, Jacopo (1764). (in Latin). Pars tertia. Rome: Generoso Salomoni. Epistolae quotquot extant proprio nomine scripta
Sadoleto, Jacopo (1759). (in Latin). Roma: excudebat Generosus Salomonis. Jacobi Sadoleti ... Epistolae Leonis VII, Clementis VII, Pauli III nomine scriptae
Pietro Balan, ed. (1884). (in Latin). Ratisbon: sumptibus F. Pustet. Monumenta reformationis lutheranae ex tabulariis secretioribus S. sedis, 1521-1525
Jacopo Sadoleto; Paolo Sadoleto (1871). Amadio Ronchini, ed. (in Latin and Italian). Modena: Carlo Vincenzi. Lettere del card. Iacopo Sadoleto e di Paolo suo nipote tratte dagli originali che si conservano a Parma nell'Archivio governativo
Sadoleto, Jacopo (1950). Antonio Altamura, tr., ed. (in Italian and Latin). Napoli: R. Pironti & figli. Elogio della sapienza: De laudibus philosophiae His chief work, a Commentary on Romans, meant as an antidote against the new Protestant doctrines, gave great offence at Rome and Paris: Sadoleto, Jacopo (1535). (in Latin). Lyon: apud Sebastianum Gryphium. Iacobi Sadoleti... In Pauli Epistolam ad Romanos commentariorum libri tres
References [ ]
Bibliography [ ]
Perrin, Charles (1847). (in Latin). Paris: Joubert. De Jacobo Sadoleto, cardinali, episcopo Carpentoractensi, disquisitio historica, auctore Perrin Pericaud, Antoine.
Fragments biographiques sur Jacob Sadolet (Lyon, 1849)
Joly, Aristide (1857). . Caen: A. Hardel. Étude sur J. Sadolet, 1477-1547
Jean Calvin; Jacopo Sadoleto (1966). John C. Olin, ed. . New York: Fordham Univ Press. A Reformation Debate: Sadoleto's Letter to the Genevans and Calvin's Reply ISBN 978-0-8232-1991-9. Douglas, Richard M. (2012). . Literary Licensing, LLC. Jacopo Sadoleto, 1477-1547: Humanist and Reformer ISBN 978-1-258-31736-2.
Sadoleto's collected works appeared at
Mainz in 1607, and include, besides his theologico-ironical pieces, a collection of Epistles, a treatise on education (first published in 1533), and the Phaedrus, a defence of philosophy, written in 1538. The best collection is that published at Verona (1737–1738); it includes the life by Fiordibello.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). " Sadoleto, Jacopo". . Encyclopædia Britannica 23 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 994. Jacopo Sadoleto in the Catholic Encyclopedia