|Ismoil Somoni Peak|
|Peak of Communism|
Ismoil Somoni Peak (then known as Communism Peak) taken in 1989.
|Elevation||7,495 m (24,590 ft) |
|Prominence||3,402 m (11,161 ft) |
|Isolation||279 kilometres (173 mi)|
|Listing||Country high point|
|Location||Northwestern Gorno-Badakhshan, Tajikistan|
|First ascent||3 September 1933 by Yevgeniy Abalakov and Nikolay Gorbunov.|
|Easiest route||rock/snow/ice climb|
Ismoil Somoni Peak (Tajik: Қуллаи Исмоили Сомонӣ, Qulla-i Ismō‘il-i Sōmōnî/Qullaji Ismojili Somonī; Persian: قلّهٔ اسماعیل سامانی; Russian: Пик Исмои́ла Сомони́, tr. Pik Ismoíla Somoní) is the highest mountain in Tajikistan. It was within the territory of the former Russian Empire and the former Soviet Union, and was the highest mountain in the Soviet Union before the area became independent as Tajikistan. The mountain is named after Ismail Samani, a ruler of the Samanid dynasty.
When the existence of a peak in the Soviet Pamir Mountains higher than Lenin Peak was first established in 1928, the mountain was tentatively identified with Garmo Peak. However, as the result of the work of further Soviet expions, it became clear by 1932 that they were not the same, and in 1933 the new peak, in the Academy of Sciences Range, was named Stalin Peak (Russian: Пик Ста́лина, tr. Pik Stálina), after Joseph Stalin. In 1962, as part of Khrushchev's nationwide de-Stalinization process, the name was changed to Communism Peak (Tajik: Пики Коммунизм, translit. Piki Komunizm Russian: Пик Коммуни́зма, tr. Pik Kommunízma), a name by which it is still commonly known. The name Communism Peak was officially dropped in 1998 in favour of the current name, commemorating the 9th century Samanid emir, Ismail Samani.