Turkmen: Garaşsyzlyk baýramy
Turkmen Cyrillic: Гарашсызлык бaйрaмы
|Significance||The day the Declaration of Independence was adopted by the Turkmen SSR Supreme Soviet in 1991|
|Next time||27 September 2019|
Independence Day of Turkmenistan (Turkmen: Garaşsyzlyk baýramy, Гарашсызлык бaйрaмы) is the main state holiday in Turkmenistan. This date is celebrated in Turkmenistan annually on September 27.
Following the events of the failed coup that took place in August, the Supreme Soviet of the Turkmenistan decided to adopt the law "About Independence and Bases of a State System of Turkmenistan" when it declared independence on October 27, 1991. After disintegration of the USSR the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic became one of the last to the Soviet Socialist Republic on the former Soviet Union, proclaimed the state sovereignty. In 2018, the government of Turkmenistan voted to move the date from October 27 to September 27.
On the Independence Day of Turkmenistan through all Central Asian republic pass mass festivities. Already there was a tradition, on the eve of a holiday to award outstanding citizens of Turkmenistan — cultural figures, art, sports, policy. Quite often "festive amnesties" to the people who once have violated the law (generally on unintentional and to not serious crimes, and also women and minors appear condemned). On a central square of Ashgabat carried out military parade. In many cities of the country, festive events and concerts are held. Salutes and fireworks in honor of independence are also traditional events. The holiday is celebrated with festivities on September 27 and 28.