Ichikawa City Hall
Location of Ichikawa in Chiba Prefecture
|• Mayor||Hirotami Murakoshi (since April 2018)|
|• Total||56.39 km2 (21.77 sq mi)|
|• Density||8,619/km2 (22,320/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|- Tree||Pinus thunbergii|
|- Bird||Cettia diphone|
|Address||1-1-1 Yawata, Ichikawa-shi, Chiba-ken 272-8501|
Ichikawa City (市川市 Ichikawa-shi) is in western Chiba Prefecture, Japan, facing Tokyo across the Edogawa River. It is located approximately 20 kilometers from the center of Tokyo and has been developing as an educational and residential city. The city has a concentration of the wide-area traffic network that connects the center of Tokyo with many areas of Chiba Prefecture. Major rail routes and roads pass through the city.
The northern part of the city is a prosperous agricultural region, boasting one of the highest production rates for pears in the country. There is a plenty of green space in Ichikawa, including many forests around residential areas. It is also an educational area with a variety of schools. The southern part of the city faces Tokyo Bay and plays a role in the Tokyo-Chiba industrial zone while forming a new urban residential area.
The area around present-day Ichikawa has been inhabited since the Japanese Paleolithic period. Archaeologists have found stone tools dating to some 30,000 years ago. Numerous shell middens from the Jōmon period, and hundreds of burial tumuli from the Kofun period have been found in numerous locations around Ichikawa. During the Nara period, Ichikawa was the provincial capital of Shimōsa Province and is mentioned in the Man'yōshū. During the Heian period, this area was the center of the rebellion by Taira Masakado. During the Sengoku period, it was the site of a major battles (Battle of Kōnodai) between the Satomi clan and the Later Hōjō clan.
In more recent history, the area was also the site of some minor battles during the Boshin War of the Meiji Restoration and was promoted as a possible site for the new Diet of Japan by Katsu Kaishu, who envisioned a structure to be built on the Edogawa River similar to the Houses of Parliament in London along the Thames. Ichikawa Town was organized in 1889. On November 3, 1934 it merged with the neighboring towns of Yawata, Nakayama and village of Kokubun to form the city of Ichikawa. The city expanded by annexing the village of Okashiwa on November 3, 1949, the town of Gyotoku on March 31, 1955 and town of Minami-Gyotoku on October 1, 1956.
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