Paok Pancawarna dari Hutan Arjuno, crop.jpg
Male Javan banded pitta, Hydrornis guajanus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Pittidae
Genus: Hydrornis
Blyth, 1843

See text.

Hydrornis is a genus of pitta in the family Pittidae. The genus contains thirteen species, found in South-east Asia. The genus was formerly merged with the genus Pitta, but a 2006 study split the family into three genera.


The pittas were at one time all usually placed in the genus Pitta, the only genus in the family Pittidae, but when a 2006 molecular phylogenetic study found that the pittas formed three separate groups, the genus was split and some species were moved into two resurrected genera, Erythropitta and Hydrornis.[1] The genus Hydrornis had been introduced by the English zoologist Edward Blyth in 1843 with the blue-naped pitta (Hydrornis nipalensis) as the type species.[2][3] The name Hydrornis combines the Ancient Greek words hudōr "water" and ornis "bird".[4]

The pittas in Hydrornis have sexually dimorphic plumage, a feature that is absent for all other pittas. Also for those species that have been studied, the juveniles have a spotted cryptic plumage.[1]


The genus contains 13 species:[5]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Hydrornis phayrei Eared pitta Southeast Asia.
Hydrornis nipalensis Blue-naped pitta Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, and Vietnam.
Hydrornis soror Blue-rumped pitta Cambodia, China, Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam
Pitta oatesi male - Mae Wong.jpg Hydrornis oatesi Rusty-naped pitta China, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Hydrornis schneideri Schneider's pitta Sumatra in Indonesia
Pitta caerulea qtl1.jpg Hydrornis caeruleus Giant pitta Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Thailand.
Hydrornis baudii Blue-headed pitta Borneo
Pitta cyanea 1 - Khao Yai.jpg Hydrornis cyaneus Blue pitta Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Hydrornis elliotii.jpg Hydrornis elliotii Bar-bellied pitta Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam
Gurney's Pitta (male) - Pitta gurneyi (3466943227).jpg Hydrornis gurneyi Gurney's pitta Malay Peninsula
Paok Pancawarna dari Hutan Arjuno, crop.jpg Hydrornis guajanus Javan banded pitta Java and Bali
Hydrornis irena - Sri Phang Nga.jpg Hydrornis irena Malayan banded pitta Thailand, the Malay Peninsula and Sumatra.
Hydrornis schwaneri Bornean banded pitta Borneo


  1. ^ a b Irestedt, M.; Ohlson, J.I.; Zuccon, D.; Källersjö, M.; Ericson, P.G.P. (2006). "Nuclear DNA from old collections of avian study skins reveals the evolutionary history of the Old World suboscines (Aves: Passeriformes)" (PDF). Zoologica Scripta. 35: 567–580. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2006.00249.x.
  2. ^ Blyth, Edward. "Mr Blyth's report for December meeting, 1842, with Addenda subsequently appended". Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. 12 (143): 925-1010 [960].
  3. ^ Traylor, Melvin A. Jr, ed. (1979). Check-list of Birds of the World. Volume 8. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. pp. 310–311.
  4. ^ Jobling, J.A. (2019). del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A.; de Juana, E. (eds.). "Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  5. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2019). "NZ wrens, broadbills, pittas". World Bird List Version 8.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 12 January 2019.