Hyaluronate lyase

hyaluronate lyase
Identifiers
EC number4.2.2.1
CAS number37259-53-3
Databases
IntEnzIntEnz view
BRENDABRENDA entry
ExPASyNiceZyme view
KEGGKEGG entry
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PRIAMprofile
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a hyaluronate lyase (EC 4.2.2.1) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

Cleaves hyaluronate chains at a beta-D-GalNAc-(1->4)-beta-D-GlcA bond, ultimately breaking the polysaccharide down to 3-(4-deoxy-beta-D-gluc-4-enuronosyl)-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine

This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, specifically those carbon-oxygen lyases acting on polysaccharides. The systematic name of this enzyme class is hyaluronate lyase. Other names in common use include hyaluronidase [but cf. internal_xref(ec_num(3,2,1,35)), (hyalurononglucosaminidase) and internal_xref(ec_num(3,2,1,36)), (hyaluronoglucuronidase)], glucuronoglycosaminoglycan lyase, spreading factor, and mucinase.

Structural studies[]

As of late 2007, 27 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1C82, 1EGU, 1F1S, 1F9G, 1I8Q, 1LOH, 1LXK, 1LXM, 1N7N, 1N7O, 1N7P, 1N7Q, 1N7R, 1OJM, 1OJN, 1OJO, 1OJP, 1W3Y, 2BRP, 2BRV, 2BRW, 2C3F, 2DP5, 2PK1, 2YVV, 2YW0, and 2YX2.

References[]