High Desert (California)

The High Desert at sunset in Johnson Valley, along CA State Route 247.

High Desert is a name used to define geographic areas of Southern California deserts that are between 2,000 and 4,000 ft (609.9 and 1219.2 m) in elevation. The High Desert generally refers to areas of the Mojave Desert. The term "High Desert" is commonly used by local news media,[1] especially in weather forecasts, because of the high desert's unique and moderate weather patterns compared to its low desert neighbors.[2][3] The term "High Desert" serves to differentiate it from southern California's Low Desert, which is defined by the differences in elevation, climate, animal life, and vegetation native to these regions. Comparison example: Palm Springs is considered "Low Desert", at 100 feet (30.48m) above sea level. In contrast, Landers is considered "High Desert", at 3,100 feet (944.88m) above sea level.

The term is used commonly to refer to Joshua Tree National Park, Twentynine Palms, and the Morongo Basin. The High Desert may be used to describe the area as extending as far north as Victorville, and Lancaster areas, and as far northwest as Palmdale, and north to the Barstow desert.[3] High Desert has also been incorporated into the names of businesses and organizations in these areas.[4][5]

Geography[]

Old Woman Springs Ridge in the high desert, Johnson Valley, California

Depending on how the boundaries of the Mojave and the Colorado Desert region are defined, the High Desert either includes the entire California portion of the Mojave Desert (using a smaller geographic designation than its ecoregion) or the northern portion of the California desert (using a larger geographic designation including the ecotope area of the lower and adjacent Sonoran Desert).

The name of the region comes from its higher elevations and more northern latitude with associated climate and plant communities distinct from the Low Desert, which includes the Colorado Desert and the below sea level Salton Sea. The High Desert is typically windier than the Low Desert, and averages between 12 degrees to 20 degrees Fahrenheit cooler in both the winter, and Summer seasons.

Regions[]

The High Desert is often divided into the following regions:

Other parts of the San Bernardino County portion include the northeastern reaches of the High Desert, where the Fort Irwin National Training Center and the Searles Valley are located, and the far eastern edge of the state where places like Needles and Earp are located along the Colorado River. San Bernardino County's portion of the High Desert region contains the most land mass of the four involved counties, making up approximately 70% of the total county's area.

Cities and communities[]

Sunset over the Mojave

The major metropolitan centers in the region are primarily centered on the cities of Lancaster and Victorville. Lancaster, the largest city in the High Desert, is located in the Antelope Valley, with Palmdale, and anchors the area's largest and most populous region with a metro area of just over 500,000. The Victor Valley area, which includes such areas as Victorville, Hesperia, Adelanto, Apple Valley, and Lucerne Valley, boasts a population around 335,000.[6] The Barstow area, to the north of Victor Valley, and the Morongo Basin near the Joshua Tree National Park each have populations of around 60,000.

List of cities, towns, and census-designated places[]

Major highways[]

Incorporated places are listed in bold. This list includes all places in the broadest definition of "High Desert." Population figures are most recent information available from the US Census Bureau.

Literature[]

Motion pictures[]

Popular filming sites
Exemplary projects
Films using High Desert as a subject of the narrative

References[]

  1. ^ KEYC Archived 2015-04-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ High Desert News
  3. ^ a b Sahagun, Louis (February 10, 2018). "L.A. County set to build its first new freeway in 25 years, despite many misgivings". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  4. ^ High Desert Mavericks Baseball
  5. ^ High Desert Academy of Applied Arts.
  6. ^ "SANBAG Sub-Regional Corridor Studies". Sanbag.ca.gov. 2010-04-14. Archived from the original on 2011-02-20. Retrieved 2012-11-07.

External links[]

Coordinates: 34°48′N 117°36′W / 34.8°N 117.6°W / 34.8; -117.6