Brooks in 1983 coaching the New York Rangers.
Herbert Paul Brooks Jr.|
August 5, 1937
Saint Paul, Minnesota, U.S.
August 11, 2003 (aged 66)|
near Forest Lake, Minnesota, U.S.
|Occupation||Ice hockey coach, player|
|Spouse(s)||Patti Brooks (1965–2003)|
|Relatives||David Brooks (brother)|
|Alma mater||University of Minnesota|
|Coaching career (HC unless noted)|
|1971–1972||Minnesota Junior Stars|
|1980||US Olympic Team|
|1981–1985||New York Rangers|
|1986–1987||St. Cloud State|
|1987–1988||Minnesota North Stars|
|1992–1993||New Jersey Devils|
|1995–2002||Pittsburgh Penguins (scout)|
|1998||France Olympic Team|
|2002||US Olympic Team|
|2002–2003||Pittsburgh Penguins (Dir. of Player Development)|
|Head coaching record|
|Accomplishments and honors|
1974 Big Ten Champion|
1974 WCHA Tournament Champion
1974 NCAA National Champion
1975 Big Ten Champion
1975 WCHA Regular Season Champion
1975 WCHA Tournament Champion
1976 WCHA Tournament Champion
1976 NCAA National Champion
1979 Big Ten Champion
1979 WCHA Tournament Champion
1979 NCAA National Champion
1987 NCHA Regular Season Champion
|1974 WCHA Coach of the Year|
|Men's ice hockey|
|Representing the USA|
|1962 United States||(Player)|
|1980 United States||(Coach)|
|2002 United States||(Coach)|
Herbert Paul Brooks Jr. (August 5, 1937 – August 11, 2003) was an American ice hockey player and coach. His most notable achievement came in 1980 as head coach of the gold medal-winning U.S. Olympic hockey team at Lake Placid. At the games, Brooks' US team upset the heavily favored Soviet team in a match that came to be known as the 'Miracle on Ice'. Brooks would go on to coach multiple NHL teams, as well as the French hockey team at the 1998 Winter Olympics, and ultimately returned to coach the US men's team to a silver medal at the 2002 games in Salt Lake City. Brooks was killed in a 2003 car accident. At the time of his death, Brooks was the Pittsburgh Penguins' director of player personnel.
Brooks continued his hockey career with the University of Minnesota Gophers from 1955 to 1959. He was a member of the 1960 Olympic team, only to become the last cut the week before the Games started. Three weeks later, Brooks sat at home with his father and watched the team he almost made win gold. Afterwards, Brooks "went up to the coach Jack Riley and said, 'Well, you must have made the right decision—you won.'"; this humbling moment served as motivation for an already self-driven person.
From 1960 to 1970, Brooks set a record by playing on a total of eight US National and Olympic teams, including the 1964 and 1968 Olympic squads.
After retiring as a player, he became a coach, notably leading his alma mater, the Minnesota Golden Gophers, to three NCAA championship titles in 1974, 1976, and 1979. Brooks finished his collegiate coaching with a record of 175 wins, 101 losses and 20 ties.
Soon after Minnesota won its third college championship, he was hired to coach the Olympic team. Hand-picking his team, he named several of his Minnesota players to the team as well as several from their rival, Boston University. To compete with the Soviet Union team specifically, Herb Brooks developed a hybrid of American and Canadian style and the faster European style, which emphasized creativity and teamwork. He also stressed peak conditioning, believing that one of the reasons the Soviet team had dominated international competition was that many of their opponents were exhausted by the third period.
After his Olympic gold medal win, Brooks moved to Switzerland for a year to coach HC Davos in the National League A. From 1981 to 1985, he coached in the National Hockey League for the New York Rangers, where he became the first American-born coach in Rangers' team history to win 100 games. After a brief stop at then-NCAA Division III St. Cloud State University, he returned to the NHL to coach the Minnesota North Stars (from 1987 to 1988), New Jersey Devils (1992–93), and Pittsburgh Penguins (1999–2000). He was a long-time scout for the Penguins from the mid-1990s, and held the role of Director of Player Personnel from 2002 to the day of his death. His hiring by the North Stars in 1987 would be the last time a college coach was selected to coach an NHL team until North Dakota coach Dave Hakstol was tapped to coach the Philadelphia Flyers in May 2015.
Brooks also coached two more Olympic team squads: Team France at the 1998 in Nagano, and the U.S. hockey team again at the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City. The 2002 team defeated the Russians in the semi-finals en route to a silver, losing in the gold medal game to Canada. The U.S. win over Russia came exactly 22 years to the day after the famous 'Miracle on Ice' game.
Brooks was inducted into the United States Hockey Hall of Fame in 1990, and the International Hockey Hall of Fame in 1999. He was honored posthumously with the Wayne Gretzky International Award in 2004, and inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame.
Six days after his 66th birthday, Brooks died in a single-car accident on the afternoon of August 11, 2003, near Forest Lake, Minnesota, on Interstate 35. It is believed that he fell asleep behind the wheel before the accident after driving all night, and neither drugs nor alcohol were responsible. Brooks was not wearing his seatbelt at the time of the crash, and according to the Minnesota State Patrol it is likely he would have survived the crash if he had been.
Disney released a film about the 1980 Olympic team in 2004 called Miracle featuring Kurt Russell playing the part of Brooks. (Karl Malden had previously played Brooks in a 1981 television film called Miracle on Ice). Brooks served as a consultant during principal photography, which was completed shortly before his death. At the end of the movie there is a dedication to Brooks. It states, "He never saw it. He lived it."
Upon the 25th anniversary of the Miracle on Ice, the Olympic ice arena in Lake Placid, New York, where the United States won the gold medal, was renamed Herb Brooks Arena. A statue of Brooks depicting his reaction to the victory in the 'Miracle' game was erected at the entrance to the RiverCentre in Saint Paul, Minnesota, in 2003.
The Herb Brooks Award is awarded at the conclusion of the Minnesota State High School League's state hockey tournament to "the most qualified hockey player in the state tournament who strongly represents the values, characteristics, and traits that defined Herb Brooks."
The Herb Brooks Training Center is located at Blaine, Minnesota.
In 2006, Brooks was posthumously inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in the Builders' category. The inscription reads: "A man of passion and dedication, Herb Brooks inspired a generation of Americans to pursue any and all dreams."
Brooks was married to his wife Patti since 1965, and they had two children, Danny and Kelly.
|Minnesota Golden Gophers (WCHA / Big Ten) (1972–1979)|
|1972–73||Minnesota||15–16–3||12–13–3 / 5–4–3||6th / 3rd||WCHA First Round|
|1973–74||Minnesota||22–11–6||14–9–5 / 5–4–3||2nd / t-1st||NCAA National Champion|
|1974–75||Minnesota||31–10–1||24–8–0 / 8–4–0||1st / 1st||NCAA Runner-Up|
|1975–76||Minnesota||28–14–2||18–13–1 / 4–8–0||3rd / 3rd||NCAA National Champion|
|1976–77||Minnesota||17–22–3||13–16–3 / 5–7–0||7th / 3rd||WCHA Semifinals|
|1977–78||Minnesota||22–14–2||18–13–1 / 6–6–0||4th / 3rd||WCHA First Round|
|1978–79||Minnesota||32–11–1||20–11–1 / 10–2–0||2nd / 1st||NCAA National Champion|
|Minnesota:||167–98–18||119–83–14 / 43–35–6|
|St. Cloud State Huskies (NCHA) (1986–1987)|
|1986–87||St. Cloud State||25–10–1||13–6–1||t-1st||NCAA Third Place Game (Win)|
|St. Cloud State:||25–10–1||13–6–1|
Postseason invitational champion
†Minnesota played jointly in the Big Ten and WCHA from 1959 to 1981
Note: GC = Games coached, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, Pts = Points, Pct = Winning percentage
|1981–82||New York Rangers||NHL||80||39||27||14||92||2nd in Patrick||0.575||Lost Second Round|
|1982–83||New York Rangers||NHL||80||35||35||10||80||4th in Patrick||0.500||Lost Second Round|
|1983–84||New York Rangers||NHL||80||42||29||9||93||4th in Patrick||0.581||Lost First Round|
|1984–85||New York Rangers||NHL||45||15||22||8||38||5th in Patrick||0.422||(fired)|
|1987–88||Minnesota North Stars||NHL||80||19||48||13||51||5th in Norris||0.319||(missed playoffs)|
|1992–93||New Jersey Devils||NHL||84||40||37||7||87||4th in Patrick||0.518||Lost First Round|
|1999–2000||Pittsburgh Penguins||NHL||58||29||24||5||63||3rd in Atlantic||0.543||Lost Second Round|
|NHL career totals||507||219||222||66||504||0.497||5 playoff appearances|
Note: GC = Games coached, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, OL = Overtime loss, Pts = Points, Pct = Winning percentage
|1980||USA Olympic Men's Team||IIHF||Gold Medal|
|1998||France Olympic Men's Team||IIHF||11th-place finish|
|2002||USA Olympic Men's Team||IIHF||Silver Medal|
| Head coach of the New York Rangers
| Head coach of the Minnesota North Stars
| Head coach of the New Jersey Devils
| Head coach of the Pittsburgh Penguins
|Awards and achievements|
| WCHA Coach of the Year