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Henri Dentz in 1940
|High Commissioner of the Levant|
|Preceded by||Jean Chiappe|
|Succeeded by||Georges Catroux as General Delegate to Syria and Lebanon|
Henri Fernand Dentz
16 December 1881
Roanne, Loire, France
|Died||13 December 1945 (aged 63)|
Fresnes, Val-de-Marne, France
|Awards||Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour|
Croix de Guerre 1914–1918
Croix de Guerre (Vichy)
Vichy French Army
|Years of service||1900–1943|
|Commands||Army of the Levant|
12th Army Corps
15th Army Corps
54th Infantry Regiment
|Battles/wars||First World War|
Second World War
Henri Fernand Dentz (16 December 1881 – 13 December 1945) was a general in the French Army (Armée de Terre) and, after France surrendered during the Second World War, he served with the Vichy French Army.
As Commander in Chief of the Army of the Levant (Armée du Levant) and as High Commissioner of the Levant, Dentz was in charge of the defence of the French Mandate of Syria and the French Mandate of Lebanon in the Middle East. Dentz commanded an army of approximately 45,000 men.
Vichy authorities allowed aircraft from the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) and the Italian Royal Air Force (Regia Aeronautica) to refuel in Syria and Lebanon before and during the Anglo-Iraqi War. After this, the Allies planned an invasion of the French mandates.
On 8 June 1941, a force of approximately 20,000 Australian, Indian, Free French, and British troops, under the command of Sir Henry M. Wilson, invaded Syria and Lebanon from the British Mandate of Palestine and from Iraq. Fierce fighting ensued and the Vichy forces under Dentz progressively lost ground over a 13-day period. Damascus, the capital of Syria, was abandoned on 21 June 1941.
Fighting continued in Lebanon but the Vichy forces continued to lose ground. By July, the Australians were nearing Beirut. The fall of Beirut, the capital of Lebanon, meant the end was near. On 10 July 1941, as the Australian 21st Brigade was on the verge of entering Beirut, Dentz sought an armistice. At one minute past midnight on 12 July 1941, a ceasefire went into effect. During the ceasefire, Dentz ordered ships and aircraft under his command to go to Turkey where they were interned.
For all intents and purposes, the ceasefire on 10 July 1941 ended the campaign. An armistice, known as the Armistice of Saint Jean d'Acre, was signed on 14 July 1941. There were 37,736 Vichy French prisoners of war who survived the conflict after fighting for Dentz. Most chose to be repatriated to Metropolitan France rather than join the Free French.
In January 1945, Dentz was sentenced to death for aiding the Axis powers. But Charles de Gaulle, the President of the Provisional Government of the French Republic (gouvernement provisoire de la République française, or GPRF), commuted his sentence to life imprisonment. However, Dentz was not to serve much of this sentence. On 13 December 1945, he died in Fresnes, Val-de-Marne, France.