Hamburg German, also known as Hamburg or Hamburger dialect (German: Hamburger Platt), is a group of Northern Low Saxon varieties spoken in Hamburg, Germany. Occasionally, the term Hamburgisch is also used for Hamburg Missingsch, a variety of standard German with Low Saxon substrates. These are urban dialects that have absorbed numerous English and Dutch loanwords, for instance Törn ‘trip’ (< turn) and suutje ‘gently’ (< Dutch zoetjes).

Hamburg is pronounced [ˈhambɔrç] in these dialects, with a "ch" similar to that in the standard German word Milch. Typical of the Hamburg dialects and other Lower Elbe dialects is the pronunciation (and spelling) eu (pronounced oi) for the diphthong /œɪ/ (written öö, öh or ö), e.g.

in Hamburg elsewhere standard German English
keupen [ˈkʰɔɪpm] köpen [ˈkʰœɪpm] kaufen [ˈkʰaʊ̯fn̩] to buy
scheun [ʃɔɪn] schöön [ʃœɪn] schön [ʃøːn] beautiful

However, as in most other Low Saxon (Low German) dialects, the long monophthong /øː/ is pronounced [ø] (as in French peu), for instance Kööm ~ Kœm [kʰøːm] ‘caraway’.

The Low Saxon language in Hamburg is divided in several subdialects, e.g.

The Hamborger Veermaster is a famous sea shanty sung in the regional dialect.


External links[]