Haitian presidential election, 2016–17

Haitian presidential election, November 2016

← February 2016 20 November 2016
Registered6,189,253
Turnout18.11%
  Jovenel Moise.jpg Celestin.jpg
Nominee Jovenel Moïse Jude Célestin
Party PHTK LAPEH
Popular vote 590,927 207,988
Percentage 55.60% 19.57%

  Jean-Charles Moïse Sep 2016.jpg Maryse Narcisse Aug 2016.jpg
Nominee Jean-Charles Moïse Maryse Narcisse
Party Platfom Pitit Desalin Fanmi Lavalas
Popular vote 117,349 95,765
Percentage 11.04% 9.01%

President before election

Jocelerme Privert (Provisional)
Inite

Elected President

Jovenel Moïse
PHTK

Presidential elections were held in Haiti on 20 November 2016, after having been postponed several times.[1]

The elections were overseen by the Provisional Electoral Council (CEP),[2] and were held using the two-round system, with a second round scheduled for 29 January 2017 if no candidate received an absolute majority of the votes in the first round (50% plus one vote). However, on 27 November election officials announced that, according to preliminary results, Jovenel Moïse had won the election in the first round with more than 50% of the vote. Voter turnout was reportedly 18.11%.[3]

Jovenel Moïse assumed office on 7 February 2017.[2]

Background[]

As a result of the massive protests after the 2015 election, the runoff originally scheduled to be held on 27 December 2015 was postponed several times, with the last one scheduled to be held in October 2016.[4] However, the Conseil Electoral Provisoire (CEP) announced on 5 April 2016 that fresh elections would be held on 9 October with a possible runoff on 8 January 2017. The first round planned for 9 October was subsequently postponed due to the passage of Hurricane Matthew.[5]

Electoral system[]

The President of Haiti is elected using the two-round system, with a second round held if no candidate wins a majority of the vote in the first round.

Candidates[]

A total of 27 candidates ran for president, but only six actively campaigned and were seen as serious contenders: Edmonde Supplice Beauzile (Fusion Social Democrats), Jean-Henry Céant (Renme Ayiti, "Love Haiti"), Jude Célestin (LAPEH/Peace), Jean-Charles Moïse (Pitit Dessalines), Jovenel Moïse (Parti Haïtien Tèt Kale), and Maryse Narcisse (Fanmi Lavalas).[6] Each of the six, except for Beauzile, "have had strong ties to one or more of the former elected presidents: Michel Martelly, René Préval and Jean-Bertrand Aristide."[6]

Opinion polls[]

Pollster Dates administered Moïse
(PHTK)
Célestin
(LAPEH)
Moïse
(Pitit Dessalin)
Narcisse
(Fanmi Lavalas)
Céant
(Renmen Ayiti)
Supplice
(Fusion)
BRIDES 13–16 November 2016 54.5% 20.7% 11.6% 6.7% 1.0% 0.7%
BRIDES 28 September–1 October 2016 54% 23.3% 12.0% 7.0% 0.7% 0.6%
BRIDES 8–15 August 2016 41% 25.2% 12.5% 7.6% 1.8% 0.6%

Results[]

Supporters of Maryse Narcisse claimed early reports indicated a close race between her and Jovenel Moïse.[7] While counting was still ongoing, both Moïse's Haitian Tèt Kale Party (PHTK) party and Narcisse's Fanmi Lavalas party claimed victory, although official results were not yet issued and the CEP's cautioned against making such claims.[8]

Jovenel Moïse won more than double the votes of any other candidate and more than half of all votes, avoiding the need for a second round.

Candidate Party Votes %
Jovenel Moïse Haitian Tèt Kale Party 590,927 55.60
Jude Célestin Alternative League for Haitian Progress and Emancipation 207,988 19.57
Jean-Charles Moïse Platfom Pitit Desalin 117,349 11.04
Maryse Narcisse Fanmi Lavalas 95,765 9.01
Jean-Henry Céant Renmen Ayiti 8,014 0.75
Edmonde Suppice Beauzile Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats 6,770 0.64
Maxo Joseph Randevou 5,336 0.50
Amos André Front Uni pour la Renaissance d’Haïti 2,270 0.21
Jean Hervé Charles Parti pour l’Evolution Nationale Haïtienne 1,974 0.19
Joseph Harry Bretous Konbit Pour Ayiti 1,803 0.17
Marie Antoinette Gauthier Plan d'Action Citoyenne 1,791 0.17
Jean Clarens Renois Unir-Ayiti-Ini 1,681 0.16
Daniel Dupiton Cohésion Nationale des Partis Politiques Haïtiens 1,305 0.12
Gérard Dalvius Parti Alternative pour le Développement d'Haïti 1.208 0.11
Kesler Dalmacy MOPANOU 999 0.09
Jean Bertin Mouvement d'Union République 984 0.09
Jean Ronald Cornely Rassemblement des Patriotes Haïtiens 980 0.09
Marc-Arthur Drouillard Parti Unité Nationale 970 0.09
Jean Poincy Résultat 963 0.09
Jacques Sampeur Konbit Liberasyon Ekonomik 953 0.09
Jean-Chavannes Jeune CANAAN 936 0.09
Joseph G. Varnel Durandisse Retabli Ayiti 881 0.08
Roland Magloire Parti Démocrate Institutionnaliste 817 0.08
Vilaire Clunny Duroseau Mouveman pou Endepandans Kiltirel Sosyal Ekonomik ak Politik an Ayiti 796 0.07
Monestime Diony Independent 751 0.07
Luckner Désir Mobilisation pour Haïti 739 0.07
Nelson Flecourt Olah Baton jenès la 686 0.06
None of the above 7,203 0.68
Invalid/blank votes 57,824
Total 1,120,663 100
Registered voters/turnout 6,189,253 18.11
Source: CEP

Reactions[]

The United States, Haiti's largest international donor, welcomed the holding of elections.[8] U.S. Department of States spokesman John Kirby said following the first round that the U.S. viewed the elections "as an important step toward returning Haiti to fill constitutional rule and addressing the serious challenges the country faces," but noted that the election had some "isolated incidents of violence and intimidation."[9][10]

References[]

  1. ^ Hersher, Rebecca (5 October 2016). "Haiti's Presidential Election Delayed In Wake Of Hurricane". NPR. NPR. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
  2. ^ a b Joseph Guyler Delva, Tensions mount as Haiti waits on re-run election results Reuters, 21 November 2016
  3. ^ Jacqueline Charles (November 28, 2016). "Banana farmer wins Haiti presidency, according to preliminary results". Miami Herald. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
  4. ^ Guyler Delva, Joseph (25 April 2016). "Haiti says election could drag on for months, protests grow". Reuters. Retrieved 26 April 2016.
  5. ^ "Haiti - FLASH : The elections of October 9 postponed". Haiti Libre. 5 October 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
  6. ^ a b Jacqueline Charles, Of Haiti’s 27 presidential contenders, six have the best shot at the seat, Miami Herald (November 18, 2016).
  7. ^ Early Haiti election returns indicate close race between Moise and Narcisse Deutsche Welle, 21 November 2016
  8. ^ a b Rival parties claim victory in Haiti’s presidential election France24, 22 November 2016
  9. ^ "Haitians Await Preliminary Results from Sunday's Election". Voice of America. 21 November 2016. Retrieved 22 November 2016.
  10. ^ Toward a Return to Constitutional Rule in Haiti (press statement), United States Department of State, Bureau of Public Affairs (November 21, 2016).