H:MARKUP

The markup language called wikitext, also known as wiki markup or wikicode, consists of the syntax and keywords used by the MediaWiki software to format a page. (Note the lowercase spelling of these terms.)[a] To learn how to see this hypertext markup, and to save an , see Help:Editing. Generally, coding can be copied and pasted, without writing new code. There is a short list of markup and tips at Help:Cheatsheet.

In addition to wikitext, some HTML elements are also allowed for presentation formatting. See Help:HTML in wikitext for information on this.

Layout[]

Sections[]

Article sections in a page will follow that page's lead or introduction and, if there are four or more, the table of contents.

Section headings[]

The = through ====== markup are headings for the sections with which they are associated.


Markup Renders as
= Heading 1 =
== Heading 2 ==
=== Heading 3 ===
==== Heading 4 ====
===== Heading 5 =====
====== Heading 6 ======
Heading 1
Heading 2
Heading 3
Heading 4
Heading 5
Heading 6


Templates: {{fake heading}} for use in documentation.

Horizontal rule[]

The horizontal rule represents a paragraph-level thematic break. Do not use in article content, as rules are used only after main sections, and this is automatic.

Markup Renders as
----


HTML equivalent: <hr /> (which can be indented, whereas ---- always starts at the left margin.)

Table of contents[]

When a page has at least four headings, a table of contents (TOC) will automatically appear after the lead and before the first heading. The TOC can be controlled by magic words or templates:

Line breaks[]

Line breaks or newlines are used to add whitespace between lines, such as separating paragraphs.

Markup Renders as
A single newline here
has no effect on the layout.

But an empty line starts a new paragraph, 
or ends a list or an indented part.

A single newline here has no effect on the layout.

But an empty line starts a new paragraph, or ends a list or an indented part.

HTML equivalent: <br> or <br /> can be used to break line layout.

Templates for line breaks:

Unbulleted list:

Indent text[]

Indentation is most commonly used on talk pages.

Markup Renders as
Indentation as used on talk pages:
:Each colon at the start of a line
::causes the line to be indented by three more character positions.
:::(The indentation persists
so long as no carriage return or line break is used.)
:::Repeat the indentation at any line break.
::::Use an extra colon for each response.
:::::And so forth ...
::::::And so on ...
{{Outdent|::::::}}The outdent template can give a visual indicator that we're deliberately cancelling the indent (6 levels here)

Indentation as used on talk pages:

Each colon at the start of a line
causes the line to be indented by three more character positions.
(The indentation persists

so long as no carriage return or line break is used.)

Repeat the indentation at any line break.
Use an extra colon for each response.
And so forth ...
And so on ...
The outdent template can give a visual indicator that we're deliberately cancelling the indent (6 levels here)

Templates: {{outdent}}, {{outdent2}}

Blockquote[]

When there is a need for separating a block of text. This is useful for (as the name says) inserting blocks of quoted (and cited) text.

Markup Renders as
Normal text
<blockquote>
The '''blockquote''' tag will indent both margins when needed instead of the left margin only as the colon does.
</blockquote>
Normal text

Normal text

The blockquote tag will indent both margins when needed instead of the left margin only as the colon does.

Normal text

This uses an HTML tag; template {{quote}} results in the same render.

Center text[]

Markup Renders as
<div class="center" style="width: auto; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;">Centered text</div>
Centered text

Template {{center}} uses the same markup. To center a table, see Help:Table#Centering tables. Please do not use <center>...</center> tags, as it is obsolete.

Align text to right[]

You can align content in a separate container:

Markup Renders as
<div style="text-align: right; direction: ltr; margin-left: 1em;">Text on the right</div>
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.
Text on the right
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

Or; make the text float around it:

Markup Renders as
<div class="floatright">Text on the right</div>
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.
Text on the right
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.
{{stack|Text on the right}}
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.
Text on the right
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

Lists[]

Do not leave blank lines between items in a list unless there is a reason to do so, since this causes the MediaWiki software to interpret each item as beginning a new list.

Unordered lists[]

Markup Renders as
* Item1
* Item2
* Item3
* Item4
** Sub-item 4 a)
*** Sub-item 4 a) 1.
**** Sub-item 4 a) 1. i)
**** Sub-item 4 a) 1. ii)
** Sub-item 4 b)
* Item5

  • Item1
  • Item2
  • Item3
  • Item4
    • Sub-item 4 a)
      • Sub-item 4 a) 1.
        • Sub-item 4 a) 1. i)
        • Sub-item 4 a) 1. ii)
    • Sub-item 4 b)
  • Item5

Ordered lists[]

Markup Renders as
# Item1
# Item2
# Item3
# Item4
## Sub-item 1
### Sub-sub-item
#### Sub-sub-sub-item
## Sub-item 2
# Item5

  1. Item1
  2. Item2
  3. Item3
  4. Item4
    1. Sub-item 1
      1. Sub-sub-item
        1. Sub-sub-sub-item
    2. Sub-item 2
  5. Item5

Description lists[]

To list terms and definitions, start a new line with a semicolon (;) followed by the term. Then, type a colon (:) followed by a definition. The format can also be used for other purposes, such as make and models of vehicles, etc.

Description lists (formerly definition lists, and a.k.a. association lists) consist of group names corresponding to values. Group names (terms) are in bold. Values (definitions) are indented. Each group must include one or more definitions. For a single or first value, the : can be placed on the same line after ; – but subsequent values must be placed on separate lines.

Do not use a semicolon (;) simply to bold a line without defining a value using a colon (:). This usage renders invalid HTML5 and creates issues with screen readers. Also, use of a colon to indent (other than for talk page responses) may also render invalid HTML5 and cause accessibility issues per MOS:INDENTGAP.

Markup Renders as
; Term : Definition1

Term
Definition1
; Term
: Definition1
: Definition2
: Definition3
: Definition4

Term
Definition1
Definition2
Definition3
Definition4

HTML equivalent: <dl> <dt>...</dt>, <dd>...</dd> </dl>

Templates: {{defn}}

Retaining newlines and spaces[]

The MediaWiki software suppresses single newlines and converts lines starting with a space to preformatted text in a dashed box. HTML suppresses multiple spaces. It is often desirable to retain these elements for poems, lyrics, mottoes, oaths and the like. The Poem extension adds HTML-like <poem>...</poem> tags to maintain newlines and spaces. These tags may be used inside other tags such as <blockquote>...</blockquote>; the template {{poemquote}} provides a convenient shorthand. CSS styles may be applied to this tag, e.g.: <poem style="margin-left: 2em;">.

Markup Renders as
<poem>
In Xanadu did Kubla Khan
  A stately pleasure-dome decree:
Where Alph, the sacred river, ran
  Through caverns measureless to man
Down to a sunless sea.

So twice five miles of fertile ground
  With walls and towers were girdled round:
And there were gardens bright with sinuous rills,
  Where blossomed many an incense-bearing tree;
And here were forests ancient as the hills,
  Enfolding sunny spots of greenery.
</poem>

In Xanadu did Kubla Khan
  A stately pleasure-dome decree:
Where Alph, the sacred river, ran
  Through caverns measureless to man
Down to a sunless sea.

So twice five miles of fertile ground
  With walls and towers were girdled round:
And there were gardens bright with sinuous rills,
  Where blossomed many an incense-bearing tree;
And here were forests ancient as the hills,
  Enfolding sunny spots of greenery.

Poems and their translation can be presented side by side, and the language can be indicated with lang="xx". Following the last side-by-side block, {{Clear|left}} must be used to cancel "float:left;" and to re-establish normal flow. Note that this method does not require a table and its columns to achieve the side-by-side presentation.

Markup

<poem lang="fr" style="float:left;">Frère Jacques, frère Jacques,
Dormez-vous? Dormez-vous?
Sonnez les matines! Sonnez les matines!
Ding, dang, dong. Ding, dang, dong.</poem>
<poem style="margin-left:2em; float:left;">Are you sleeping? Are you sleeping?
Brother John, Brother John,
Morning bells are ringing! Morning bells are ringing!
Ding, dang, dong. Ding, dang, dong.</poem>{{Clear|left}}

Renders as

Frère Jacques, frère Jacques,
Dormez-vous? Dormez-vous?
Sonnez les matines! Sonnez les matines!
Ding, dang, dong. Ding, dang, dong.

Are you sleeping? Are you sleeping?
Brother John, Brother John,
Morning bells are ringing! Morning bells are ringing!
Ding, dang, dong. Ding, dang, dong.

Format[]

Text formatting[]

Description What you type What it looks like

italics, bold, small capital letters

To ''italicize text'', put two consecutive apostrophes on each side of it.

Three apostrophes each side will '''bold the text'''.

Five consecutive apostrophes on each side (two for italics plus three for bold) produces '''''bold italics'''''.

'''''Italic and bold formatting''''' works correctly only within a single line.

For text as {{smallcaps|small caps}}, use the template {{tl|smallcaps}}.

To italicize text, put two consecutive apostrophes on each side of it.

Three apostrophes each side will bold the text.

Five consecutive apostrophes on each side (two for italics plus three for bold) produces bold italics.

Italic and bold formatting works correctly only within a single line.

To reverse this effect where it has been automatically applied, use {{nobold}} and {{noitalic}}.

For text as small caps, use the template {{smallcaps}}.

Small chunks of source code within a line of normal text.

Code is displayed in a monospace font.

function <code>int m2()</code> is nice.

function int m2() is nice.

Syntax highlighting for source code.

Computer code has colored text and more stringent formatting. For example, to define a function: int m2(), with highlights.

See here for a full list of supported languages that can be put in lang="????"

<syntaxhighlight lang="cpp">
#include <iostream>
int m2 (int ax, char *p_ax) {
  std::cout <<"Hello World!";
  return 0;
}</syntaxhighlight>
#include <iostream>
int m2 (int ax, char *p_ax) {
  std::cout <<"Hello World!";
  return 0;
}

Small text

Use <small>small text</small> only 
when necessary.

Use small text only when necessary.

a <small> span

To match, for example, the font-size used in an [[Help:Visual file markup#Caption|image caption]], the "small" tag can also be used to 
<small style="font-size:87%;">reduce a text's font-size to 87%</small>.

To match, for example, the font-size used in an image caption, the "small" tag can also be used to reduce a text's font-size to 87%.

Big text

Better not use <big>big text</big>, unless <small>it's <big>within</big> small</small> text.

Better not use big text, unless it's within small text.

To prevent two words from becoming separated by a linewrap (e.g. Mr. Smith or 400 km/h) a non-breaking space, sometimes also called a "non-printing character", may be used between them. (For three or more words, the template {{nowrap}} is probably more suitable.)

Mr.&nbsp;Smith or 400&nbsp;km/h

Mr. Smith or 400 km/h

Extra spacing within text is usually best achieved using the {{pad}} template.

Mary {{pad|4.0em}} had a little lamb.

Mary   had a little lamb.

Special characters[]

Special characters can often be displayed using numeric character references or character entity references. See Character encodings in HTML for more information. For example, &Agrave; and &#xC0; both render À (A-grave). Percent-encoding can't be used, as it works only in URLs.

Diacritical marks[]

Diacritic marks, using character entity references.

What you type What it looks like
&Agrave; &Aacute; &Acirc; &Atilde; &Auml; &Aring; &AElig;

&Ccedil; &Egrave; &Eacute; &Ecirc; &Euml;

&Igrave; &Iacute; &Icirc; &Iuml; &Ntilde;

&Ograve; &Oacute; &Ocirc; &Otilde; &Ouml; &Oslash; &OElig;

&Ugrave; &Uacute; &Ucirc; &Uuml; &Yuml; &szlig;

&agrave; &aacute; &acirc; &atilde; &auml; &aring; &aelig; &ccedil;

&egrave; &eacute; &ecirc; &euml;

&igrave; &iacute; &icirc; &iuml; &ntilde;

&ograve; &oacute; &ocirc; &otilde; &ouml; &oslash; &oelig;

&ugrave; &uacute; &ucirc; &uuml; &yuml;

À Á Â Ã Ä Å Æ

Ç È É Ê Ë

Ì Í Î Ï Ñ

Ò Ó Ô Õ Ö Ø Œ

Ù Ú Û Ü Ÿ ß

à á â ã ä å æ ç

è é ê ë

ì í î ï ñ

ò ó ô õ ö ø œ

ù ú û ü ÿ

Punctuation special characters[]

Using character entity references.

What you type What it looks like
&iquest; &iexcl; &sect; &para; ¿ ¡ § ¶
&dagger; &Dagger; &bull; &ndash; &mdash; † ‡ • – —
&lsaquo; &rsaquo; &laquo; &raquo; ‹ › « »
&lsquo; &rsquo; &ldquo; &rdquo; ‘ ’ “ ”
&apos; &quot; ' "

Escaping punctuation characters[]

The <pre>, <nowiki>, and <code> markup tags are also available, for writing "[", "{", "&", "}", "]" for example. These tags prevent these characters from being recognised as wiki markup, which is a possibility in some circumstances.

Commercial symbols[]

Using character entity references.

What you type What it looks like
&trade; &copy; &reg; ™ © ®
&cent; &euro; &yen; &pound; &curren; ¢ € ¥ £ ¤

Greek characters[]

Using character entity references.

What you type What it looks like
&alpha; &beta; &gamma; &delta; &epsilon; &zeta; α β γ δ ε ζ
&Alpha; &Beta; &Gamma; &Delta; &Epsilon; &Zeta; Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ
&eta; &theta; &iota; &kappa; &lambda; &mu; &nu; η θ ι κ λ μ ν
&Eta; &Theta; &Iota; &Kappa; &Lambda; &Mu; &Nu; Η Θ Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν
&xi; &omicron; &pi; &rho; &sigma; &sigmaf; ξ ο π ρ σ ς
&Xi; &Omicron; &Pi; &Rho; &Sigma; Ξ Ο Π Ρ Σ
&tau; &upsilon; &phi; &chi; &psi; &omega; τ υ φ χ ψ ω
&Tau; &Upsilon; &Phi; &Chi; &Psi; &Omega; Τ Υ Φ Χ Ψ Ω

Egyptian hieroglyphs[]

WikiHiero is a software extension that renders Egyptian hieroglyphs as PNG images using <hiero> HTML-like tags.

Example:

Markup Renders as
<hiero>P2</hiero>
P2

Chess symbols[]

For example, &#9812; displays ♔

Subscripts and superscripts[]

Description What you type What it looks like

Subscripts

x<sub>1</sub> x<sub>2</sub> x<sub>3</sub> or

x&#8320; x&#8321; x&#8322; x&#8323; x&#8324;

x&#8325; x&#8326; x&#8327; x&#8328; x&#8329;

x1 x2 x3 or

x₀ x₁ x₂ x₃ x₄

x₅ x₆ x₇ x₈ x₉

Superscripts

x<sup>1</sup> x<sup>2</sup> x<sup>3</sup> or

x&#8304; x&sup1; x&sup2; x&sup3; x&#8308;

x&#8309; x&#8310; x&#8311; x&#8312; x&#8313;

x1 x2 x3 or

x⁰ x¹ x² x³ x⁴

x⁵ x⁶ x⁷ x⁸ x⁹

Combined

&epsilon;<sub>0</sub> = 8.85 &times; 10<sup>&minus;12</sup> C&sup2; / J m

1 [[hectare]] = 1 E+4 m&sup2;

ε0 = 8.85 × 10−12 C² / J m

1 hectare = 1 E+4 m²

Characters in the Private Use Area, and invisible formatting characters[]

Invisible and PUA (Private Use Areas) characters should be avoided where possible. When needed, they should both be replaced with their (hexa)decimal code values (as "&#(x)...;"). This renders invisible characters visible, for manual ing, and allows AWB to process pages with PUA characters. The latter should also be tagged with the {{PUA}} template for tracking and future maintenance.

Mathematical characters and formulae[]

Mathematical characters[]

What you type What it looks like
&int; &sum; &prod; &radic; ∫ ∑ ∏ √
&minus; &plusmn; &infin; − ± ∞
&asymp; &prop; &equiv; &ne; ≈ ∝ ≡ ≠
&le; &ge; ≤ ≥
&times; &middot; &divide; &part; × · ÷ ∂
&prime; &Prime; ′ ″
&nabla; &permil; &deg; &there4; &alefsym; ∇ ‰ ° ∴ ℵ
&oslash; ø
&isin; &notin; &cap; &cup; ∈ ∉ ∩ ∪
&sub; &sup; &sube; &supe; ⊂ ⊃ ⊆ ⊇
&not; &and; &or; &exist; &forall; ¬ ∧ ∨ ∃ ∀
&rArr; &lArr; &dArr; &uArr; &hArr; ⇒ ⇐ ⇓ ⇑ ⇔
&rarr; &larr; &darr; &uarr; &harr; → ← ↓ ↑ ↔

Mathematical formulae[]

Markup Renders as
<math>2x \times 4y \div 6z + 8 - \frac {y}{z^2} = 0</math>

{{math|2''x'' &times; 4''y'' &divide; 6''z'' + 8 &minus; {{sfrac|''y''|''z''<sup>2</sup>}} {{=}} 0}}

<math>\sin 2\pi x + \ln e</math>

{{math|sin 2&pi;''x'' + ln ''e''}}


2x × 4y ÷ 6z + 8 − y/z2 = 0


sin 2πx + ln e

Spacing in simple math formulae[]

Markup Renders as
It follows that {{math|''x''<sup>2</sup> &ge; 0}} for real {{mvar|x}}.

It follows that x2 ≥ 0 for real x.

Complicated formulae[]

Markup Renders as
<math display=block>\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}</math>

Indenting by using the colon (:) character (i.e. using :<math></math> instead of <math display=block></math>) is discouraged for accessibility reasons.

Links and URLs[]

Wikilinks[]

Wikilinks are used in wikitext markup to produce internal links between pages. You create wikilinks by putting double square brackets around text designating the title of the page you want to link to. Thus, [[Texas]] will be rendered as Texas. Optionally, you can use a vertical bar (|) to customize the link title. For example, typing [[Texas|Lone Star State]] will produce Lone Star State, a link that is displayed as "Lone Star State" but in fact links to Texas.

Link to another wiki article[]

Markup Renders as
London has [[public transport]].

London has public transport.

Link to this page: "[[Help:Wikitext]]" will appear only as bold text.

Link to this page: "Help:Wikitext" will appear only as bold text.

Renamed link[]

What you type What it looks like

New York also has [[public transport|public transportation]].

New York also has public transportation.

Automatically rename links[]

Description What you type What it looks like

Automatically hide stuff in parentheses

[[kingdom (biology)|]]

kingdom

Automatically hide the comma and following text [[Seattle, Washington|]] Seattle

Automatically hide namespace

[[Wikipedia:Village pump|]]

Village pump

Or both

[[Wikipedia:Manual of Style (headings)|]]

Manual of Style

But this doesn't work for section links

[[Wikipedia:Manual of Style#Links|]]

[[Wikipedia:Manual of Style#Links|]]

Blend link[]

Description What you type What it looks like
Blending active

San Francisco also has [[public transport]]ation. Examples include [[bus]]es, [[taxicab]]s, and [[tram]]s.

San Francisco also has public transportation. Examples include buses, taxicabs, and trams.
A [[micro-]]second A micro-second

Blending suppressed

A [[micro-]]<nowiki />second.

A micro-second

Link to a section of a page[]

What you type What it looks like

[[Wikipedia:Manual of Style#Italics]] is a link to a section within another page.

Wikipedia:Manual of Style#Italics is a link to a section within another page.

[[#Links and URLs]] is a link to another section on the current page. [[#Links and URLs|Links and URLs]] is a link to the same section without showing the # symbol.

#Links and URLs is a link to another section on the current page. Links and URLs is a link to the same section without showing the # symbol.

[[Wikipedia:Manual of Style#Italics|Italics]] is a piped link to a section within another page.

Italics is a piped link to a section within another page.

Create a page link[]

Description What you type What it looks like

Links to pages that don't exist yet look red.

The article about [[cardboard sandwiches]] doesn't exist yet.

The article about cardboard sandwiches doesn't exist yet.

Redirects[]

Description What you type

Redirect to an article

#REDIRECT [[United States]]

Redirect to a section

#REDIRECT [[United States#History]]

Link to another namespace[]

What you type What it looks like

See the [[Wikipedia:Manual of Style]].

See the Wikipedia:Manual of Style.

Link to the same article in another language (interlanguage links)[]

Description What you type

Link from English article "Plankton" to the Spanish article "Plancton".

"es" is the language code for "español" (the Spanish language).

[[es:Plancton]]

Other examples: French (fr for français), German (de for Deutsch), Russian (ru), and simple English (simple).

[[fr:Plancton]]
[[de:Plankton]]
[[ru:Планктон]]
[[simple:Plankton]]

Interwiki link[]

Description What you type What it looks like

Linking to a page on another wiki in English.

All of these forms lead to the URL https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/hello.

Simple link.

Without prefix.

Named link.

[[Wiktionary:hello]]

[[Wiktionary:hello|]]

[[Wiktionary:hello|Wiktionary definition of "hello"]]

Wiktionary:hello

hello

Wiktionary definition of "hello"

Linking to a page on another wiki in another language.

All of these forms lead to the URL https://fr.wiktionary.org/wiki/bonjour.

Simple link.

Without prefix.

Named link.

[[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour]]

[[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour|]]

[[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour|bonjour]]

Wiktionary:fr:bonjour

fr:bonjour

bonjour

Categories[]

Description What you type What it looks like

Categorize an article.

[[Category:Character sets]]

Link to a category.

[[:Category:Character sets]]

Category:Character sets

Without prefix.

[[:Category:Character sets|]]

Character sets

External links[]

  • Use the link button OOjs UI icon link-ltr.svg on the enhanced ing toolbar to encode the link; this tool will add the bracket markup and the linked text, which may not always be desirable.
  • Or manually encode the URL by replacing these characters:
space " ' , ; < > ? [ ]
%20 %22 %27 %2c %3b %3c %3e %3f %5b %5d
  • Or use the {{urlencode:}} magic word. See Help:Magic words in the MediaWiki documentation for more details.
Description What you type What it looks like

Named link with an external link icon

[https://www.wikipedia.org Wikipedia]

Wikipedia

Unnamed link

(Used only within article body for footnotes)

[https://www.wikipedia.org]

[1]

Bare URL

(Bad style)

use <nowiki></nowiki> to keep this bad style from showing

https://www.wikipedia.org

https://www.wikipedia.org

Link without arrow

(Not often used)

<span class="plainlinks">[https://www.wikipedia.org Wikipedia]</span>

Wikipedia

Miscellaneous[]

"As of" template[]

What you type What it looks like

{{As of|2009|4|df=us}}

As of April 2009

{{As of|2009|4|df=us|lc=y}}

as of April 2009

Media link[]

What you type What it looks like

[[media:Classical guitar scale.ogg|Sound]]

Sound

Links directly into mode[]

Description What you type What it looks like

Using the {{fullurl}} template

[{{fullurl:Help:Wiki markup|action=}} ]

Using the {{Edit}} template

{{}}

Links partially italicized[]

What you type What it looks like

[[Hindenburg disaster|''Hindenburg'' disaster]]

Hindenburg disaster

Pronunciation aids[]

It is often desirable to provide an aid to pronunciation for a word. The IPAc-en and Respell templates can be of assistance.

What you type What it looks like

'''Konjac''' {{IPAc-en|lang|pron|ˈ|k|oʊ|n|j|æ|k}}

Konjac English: /ˈknjæk/

'''Konjac''' ({{IPAc-en|lang|pron|ˈ|k|oʊ|n|j|æ|k}} {{respell|KOHN|yak}})

Konjac (English: /ˈknjæk/ KOHN-yak)

''Konjac'' is pronounced {{IPAc-en|ˈ|k|oʊ|n|j|æ|k}} in English.

Konjac is pronounced /ˈknjæk/ in English.

Refer to Wikipedia:Manual of Style (pronunciation) for more information.

Musical notation[]

Musical notation is added by using the <score>...</score> extension HTML-like tag. For example:

Markup Renders as
<score>\relative c' { fis d fis a d f e d c cis d e a g f ees }</score>
\relative c' { fis d fis a d f e d c cis d e a g f ees }

Images[]

Only images that have been uploaded to Wikipedia or Wikimedia Commons can be used. To upload images, use the Commons upload wizard for photos you have taken, and the Wikipedia upload page if there may be copyright issues. You can find the uploaded image on the image list.

See the Wikipedia's image use policy for the policy used on Wikipedia.

For further help on images, including some more versatile abilities, see the picture tutorial and extended image syntax.

What you type What it looks like Notes
The image name, the word thumb then the caption : 
[[File:wiki.png|thumb|Wikipedia logo]]
The image name, the word thumb then the caption :
Puzzle globe
Wikipedia logo
  • The thumb tag automatically allows the image to be enlarged and positions it (floats) automatically to the right of the page.
  • An enlarge icon is placed in the lower right corner.
  • See note below about adding an alt tag
  • This is the basic markup for most images


A picture: [[File:wiki.png]]
A picture: Wiki.png
  • The picture name alone places the image in the text, or on the next line if there is insufficient space.
  • Embedding the image in the text is only possible for very small images.
  • Embedding the image will affect the vertical formatting of text.
With alternative text: 
[[File:wiki.png|alt=Puzzle globe logo]]
With alternative text:

Puzzle globe logo

  • Alternative text, used when the image is unavailable or when the image is loaded in a text-only browser, or when spoken aloud, is strongly encouraged. See Alternative text for images for help on choosing it.
With link: 
[[File:wiki.png|link=Wikipedia]]
With link: Wiki.png
  • The link directs to the Wikipedia page, Wikipedia, instead of the image file page.
Forced to the centre of the page
using the ''frame'' tag (attribute), a ''centre'' tag and a caption: 
[[File:wiki.png|frame|centre|alt=Puzzle globe|Wikipedia logo]]
Forced to the centre of the page using the frame tag (attribute), a centre tag and a caption:
Puzzle globe
Wikipedia logo
  • The frame tag automatically floats the image right.
  • The frame tag is only of use with very small images or ones using the px tag
  • The attributes left, center or centre override this, and places the image to the left or the centre of the page.
  • The last parameter is the caption that appears below the image.
Forced to the left side of the page
using the ''thumb'' attribute, the ''left'' attribute  and a caption: 
[[File:wiki.png|thumb|left|alt=Puzzle globe|Wikipedia logo]]
Forced to the left side of the page using the thumb attribute, the left attribute and a caption:
Puzzle globe
Wikipedia logo
  • The thumb tag automatically floats the image right.
  • An enlarge icon is placed in the lower right corner.
  • The attributes left, center or centre override this, and places the image to the left or the centre of the page.
Forced to the right side of the page
''without'' a caption: 
[[File:wiki.png|right|Wikipedia encyclopedia]]
Forced to the right side of the page without a caption:
Wikipedia encyclopedia
  • Captions are only displayed when the thumb or frame attributes are present
  • The picture tutorial explains more options.
A picture resized to 50 pixels... 
[[File:wiki.png|50 px|Wikipedia encyclopedia]]
A picture resized to 50 pixels width...

Wikipedia encyclopedia

  • The picture tutorial explains more options.
  • Sizing in pixels is deprecated and should be used very sparingly.
  • There is an upright attribute that should be used instead. These tags are optimised for both laptop and mobile phone screens.
Linking directly to the description page of an image: 
[[:File:wiki.png]]
Linking directly to the description page of an image:

File:wiki.png

  • Clicking on an image displayed normally on a page also leads to the description page.
Linking directly to an image without displaying it: 
[[Media:wiki.png|Image of jigsaw globe]]
Linking directly to an image without displaying it:

Image of jigsaw globe

  • To include links to images shown as links instead of drawn on the page, use a "media" link.
Example: 
<div style="display: inline; width: 220px; float: right;">
[[File:wiki.png|50 px|Wikipedia encyclopedia]][[File:wiki.png|50 px]] </div>

Example:

Wikipedia encyclopediaWiki.png
  • Using the span or div elements to separate images from text (note that this may allow images to cover text).
Example:

{| align=right
|-
|
[[File:wiki.png|50 px]]
|-
|
[[File:wiki.png|50 px]]
|-
|
[[File:wiki.png|50 px]]
|}

Example:

Wiki.png

Wiki.png

Wiki.png

  • Using wiki markup to make a table in which to place a vertical column of images (this helps links match headers, especially in Firefox browsers).

Tables[]

There are two ways to build tables:

Columns[]

Use {{colbegin}} and {{colend}} templates to produce columns.

References and citing sources[]

Making a reference citing a printed or online source can be accomplished by using the <ref>...</ref> wiki markup tags. Inside these tags details about the reference are added.

Details about the citation can be provided using a structure provided by various templates; the table below lists some typical citation components.

What it's for What you type
To create the reference <ref name="reference name">add_template_name_here</ref>
To cite a book {{cite book}}
To cite a web source {{cite web}}
Book ISBN |isbn=0-4397-0818-4 (ISBN of the book)
Web URL |url=https://www.wikipedia.org
Title |title=title of source
Author |author=authors, use commas for multiple
First name |first=first name
Last name |last=last name
Location |location=location of publisher
Publisher |publisher=who published the source
Date |date=2007-09-21 (date of source)
Year |year=year of source
Accessed date |access-date=2008-12-25 (only if url= is included)
A complete reference tag <ref name="Wiki markup">{{cite web |url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:Wiki_markup |title=Help:Wiki markup |publisher=Wikimedia Foundation}}</ref>
Referencing this again <ref name="Wiki markup" />
Citation needed {{Citation needed|{{subst:DATE}}}}

Templates and transcluding pages[]

Examples for templates: {{pad|...}}, {{math|...}}, {{as of|...}}, {{}}

Templates are segments of wiki markup that are meant to be copied automatically ("transcluded") into a page. They are specified by putting the template's name in {{double braces}}. Most templates are pages in the Template namespace, but it is possible to transclude mainspace pages (articles) by using {{:colon and double braces}}.

There are three pairs of tags that can be used in wikitext to control how transclusion affects parts of a template or article. They determine whether or not wikitext renders, either in its own article, which we will call "here", or in another article where it is transcluded, which we will call "there".

There can be several such section "elements". Also, they can be nested. All possible renderings are achievable. For example, to render there one or more sections of the page here use <onlyinclude> tags. To append text there, wrap the addition in <includeonly> tags before, within, or after the section. To omit portions of the section, nest <noinclude> tags within it.

If a page is transcluded without transclusion markup, it may cause an unintentional categorization. Any page transcluding it will contain the same category as the original page. Wrap the category markup with <noinclude> tags to prevent incorrect categorization. Some templates take parameters, as well, which you separate with the pipe character |.

What you type What it looks like
{{Transclusion demo}}

This text comes from the page named Template:Transclusion demo. It has been transcluded into this page.

{{Help:Transclusion demo}}

This transclusion demo is a little bit of text from the page Help:Transclusion demo to be included into any file.

This template takes two parameters,
and creates underlined text with a
hover box for many modern browsers
supporting CSS:

{{Tooltip|Hover your mouse over this text
|This is the hover text}}

Go to this page to see the Tooltip
template itself: {{tl|Tooltip}}

This template takes two parameters, and creates underlined text with a hover box for many modern browsers supporting CSS:

Hover your mouse over this text

Go to this page to see the Tooltip template itself: {{Tooltip}}

Talk and project pages[]

These are likely to be helpful on talk and project pages.

Signing comments[]

Description What you type What it looks like

You should sign your comments by appending four tildes to the comment, which adds your user name plus date/time.

~~~~

Username (talk) 10:39, 8 December 2022 (UTC)

Adding three tildes will add just your user name.

~~~

Username (talk)

Adding five tildes gives the date/time alone.

~~~~~

10:39, 8 December 2022 (UTC)

Linking to old revisions of pages, diffs, and specific history pages[]

What you type What it looks like

[//en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Help:Wiki_markup&diff=330350877&oldid=330349143 Diff between revisions 330349143 and 330350877]

Diff between revisions 330349143 and 330350877

What you type What it looks like

[[Special:Diff/330349143/330350877|Diff between revisions 330349143 and 330350877]]

Diff between revisions 330349143 and 330350877

What you type What it looks like

[[Special:Diff/330350877|Diff between revisions 330349143 and 330350877]]

Diff between revisions 330349143 and 330350877

What you type What it looks like

[[Special:Permalink/330350877|Revision 330350877]]

Revision 330350877

What links here, and recent changes linked[]

What you type What it looks like

[[Special:WhatLinksHere/Beetroot]]

Special:WhatLinksHere/Beetroot

[[Special:RecentChangesLinked/Beetroot]]

Special:RecentChangesLinked/Beetroot

User s[]

Description What you type What it looks like
Username (registered users). [[Special:Contributions/UserName]] Special:Contributions/UserName
IPv4 address (unregistered users). [[Special:Contributions/192.0.2.0]] Special:Contributions/192.0.2.0
IPv6 address (unregistered users). [[Special:Contributions/2001:0db8:0000:0000:0000:ff00:0042:8329]] Special:Contributions/2001:0db8:0000:0000:0000:ff00:0042:8329

Coloring and highlighting text[]

What you type What it looks like

I will change the color in {{color|blue|the middle part of}} this sentence.

I will change the color in the middle part of this sentence.

This is how to {{Font color||yellow|highlight part of a sentence}}.

This is how to highlight part of a sentence.

Example text[]

The {{xt}} family of templates can be used on help pages and user pages to highlight example text.

These do not work in mainspace; that is, in articles.

What you type What you get
This is an {{xt|A correct example}} for comparison {{tick}} This is an A correct example for comparison checkY
this is an {{!xt|An incorrect example}} for example {{cross}} this is an An incorrect example for example ☒N
this is an {{mxt|In monospace}} for comparison this is an In monospace for comparison
this is an {{!mxt|In monospace}} for comparison this is an In monospace for comparison
this is an {{bxt|in bold}} for comparison this is an In bold for comparison
this is an {{!bxt|In bold}} for comparison this is an In bold for comparison

Show deleted or inserted text[]

What you type What it looks like

You can <del>indicate deleted material</del> and <ins>inserted material</ins>.

You can indicate deleted material and inserted material.

Strike through[]

The {{strike}} template marks up a span of text with the <s>...</s> tag. This is usually renderend visually by drawing a horizontal line through it. Outside of articles, it can be used to mark something as no longer accurate or relevant without removing it from view. Do not use it, however, to indicate document s. For that, use the <del>...</del> tag instead. See § Show deleted or inserted text for details.

What you type What you get
This is {{strike|an obsolete stretch of text}} for comparison This is an obsolete stretch of text for comparison

Limiting formatting / escaping wiki markup[]

A few different kinds of formatting will tell the wiki to display things as you typed them – what you see is what you get!

What you type What it looks like
'''&lt;nowiki&gt; tag:'''

<nowiki>
The <nowiki> tag ignores [[wiki]]
''markup''. It reformats text by
removing newlines and    multiple
spaces.       It still interprets
characters specified by
&amp;name;: &rarr;
</nowiki>

<nowiki> tag:

The <nowiki> tag ignores [[wiki]] ''markup''. It reformats text by removing newlines and multiple spaces. It still interprets characters specified by &name;: →

'''&lt;pre&gt; tag:'''

<pre>The &lt;pre&gt; tag ignores [[wiki]]
''markup'' as does the &lt;nowiki&gt;
tag. Additionally, &lt;pre&gt; displays
in a mono-spaced font, and does
not  reformat    text    spaces.
It still interprets special
characters: &rarr;</pre>

<pre> tag:

The <pre> tag ignores [[wiki]]
''markup'' as does the <nowiki>
tag. Additionally, <pre> displays
in a mono-spaced font, and does
not  reformat    text    spaces.
It still interprets special
characters: →
'''[Text without a URL]:'''

Single square brackets holding
[text without a HTTP URL] are
preserved, but single square
brackets containing a URL are
treated as being an external
[https://example.com/ Web link].

[Text without a URL]:

Single square brackets holding [text without a HTTP URL] are preserved, but single square brackets containing a URL are treated as being an external Web link.

'''Leading space:'''

Leading spaces are another way
to preserve formatting.
 Putting a space at the
 beginning of each line
 stops the text   from
 being reformatted.
 It still interprets [[wiki]]
 ''markup'' and special characters: &amp;

Leading space:

Leading spaces are another way to preserve formatting.

Putting a space at the
beginning of each line
stops the text   from
being reformatted.
It still interprets wiki
markup and special characters: →

Nowiki[]

<nowiki>...</nowiki> (wiki markup contained between these two tags is displayed as normal text)
<nowiki /> (wiki markup that is interrupted by this tag is displayed as normal text, as detailed in examples below)

These two kinds of nowiki operate in different ways, but both neutralize the rendering of wiki markup as shown in the examples below. For example, the characters that have wiki markup meaning at the beginning of a line (*, #, ; and :) can be rendered in normal text. Editors can normalize the font of characters trailing a wikilink, which would otherwise appear in the wikilink font. And newlines added to wikitext for readability can be ignored.

Note to template ors: tag <nowiki> works only on its source page, not the target.

Markup Renders as
# Ordered list

  1. Ordered list
<nowiki /># Ordered list

# Ordered list

A [[micro-]]second.
A [[micro-]]<nowiki />second.

A micro-second.

a<nowiki>

b</nowiki>

a b

'<nowiki />'Italics' markup'<nowiki />'

''Italics' markup''

<nowiki>[[Example]]</nowiki>

[[Example]]

<nowiki><!-- revealed --></nowiki>

<!-- revealed -->

The rest of the section consists of simple, live examples showing how a single nowiki tag escapes entire linkage structures, beyond [[ wikilink ]] and {{ template }}:

[[ fullpagename | label ]]
{{ pagename | parameter }}
[[fullpagename | {{ pagename }} ]]
{{ pagename | [[ fullpagename ]] }}
{{ pagename | {{ pagename }} }}

Unless you use the two "balanced" nowiki tags, troubleshooting strip marker errors and template parameter-handling inconsistencies is a risk. Also, a rendering error may arise when two [[...]] square brackets are on the same line, or two {{...}} curly brackets are in the same section, but only when the two have the nowiki markup placed inconsistently.

Displaying wikilinks[]

(These are all live examples.)

[[ wp:pagename | page name ]]
[<nowiki />[ wp:pagename | page name ]]
[[<nowiki /> wp:pagename | page name ]]
[[ wp:pagename <nowiki />| page name ]]
[[ wp:pagename | page name ]<nowiki />]

page name
[[ wp:pagename | page name ]]
[[ wp:pagename | page name ]]
[[ wp:pagename | page name ]]
[[wp:pagename | page name ]]

For nested structures, escaping an inner structure escapes its outer structure too.

[[ wp: {{ 1x | pagename }} ]]
[[ wp: {<nowiki />{ 1x | pagename }} ]]
[[ wp: {{<nowiki /> 1x | pagename }} ]]
[[ wp: {{ 1x <nowiki />| pagename }} ]]

wp: pagename
[[ wp: {{ 1x | pagename }} ]]
[[ wp: {{ 1x | pagename }} ]]
[[ wp: {{ 1x | pagename }} ]]

For two, first pipes, two nowiki tags are required:

[[ wp: pagename | {{ 1x | label }} ]]
[[ wp: pagename <nowiki />| {{ 1x <nowiki />| label }} ]]
<nowiki>[[ wp: pagename | {{ 1x | label }} ]] </nowiki>

label
[[ wp: pagename | {{ 1x | label }} ]]
[[ wp: pagename | {{ 1x | label }} ]]

Displaying template calls[]

For templates, put nowiki before the first pipe. If a parameter has a wikilink, put it in that, an inmost position.

{<nowiki />{ val | u=&gt; [[ms]] | 49082 }}
{{<nowiki /> val | u=&gt; [[ms]] | 49082 }}
{{ val <nowiki />| u=&gt; [[ms]] | 49082 }}
{{ val | u= > [[ms]] | 49082 }<nowiki />}
{{ val | u= > [[ ms ]<nowiki />] | 49082 }} 

{{ val | u=> ms | 49082 }}
{{ val | u= > ms | 49082 }}
{{ val | u=> ms | 49082 }}
{{ val | u=> ms | 49082 }}
{{ val | u= > [[ ms ]] | 49082 }} Green tickY

Displaying magic words[]

For input parameters, {{{1}}}, {{{2}}}, just write them out, unless they have a default (which goes behind their pipe): {{<nowiki />{1|default}}} → {{{1|default}}}

For a parser function nowiki goes between bracketing-pair characters, or anywhere before the : colon.

{{ #ifeq: inYes | inYes | outYes | outNo }}
{<nowiki />{ #ifeq: inYes | inYes | outYes | outNo }}
{{<nowiki /> #ifeq: inYes | inYes | outYes | outNo }}
{{ #ifeq<nowiki />: inYes | inYes | outYes | outNo }}
{{ #ifeq: inYes | inYes | outYes | outNo }<nowiki />}

outYes
{{ #ifeq: inYes | inYes | outYes | outNo }}
{{ #ifeq: inYes | inYes | outYes | outNo }}
{{ #ifeq: inYes | inYes | outYes | outNo }}
{{ #ifeq: inYes | inYes | outYes | outNo }}

Behavioral switches expect the tag anywhere:

 1. __HIDDENCAT__
 2. __HIDDENCAT<nowiki />__
1.
2. __HIDDENCAT__

Displaying tags[]

Tags do not display; they are just markup. If you want them to, insert <nowiki /> after an < opening angle bracket; it goes only in the very front. Opening tags and closing tags must be treated separately.

<span style=color:blue> Blue </span>
<<nowiki />span style=color:blue> Blue <<nowiki />/span>
<section end=la<nowiki />bel /> 
<<nowiki />section end=label />

Blue
<span style=color:blue> Blue </span>
bel /> ☒N
<section end=label /> checkY

Use template {{tag}} instead of nowiki tags to display parser tags:

Character entities, nowiki cannot escape. To escape HTML or special character entities, replace & with &amp;. For example, &amp;lt;&lt;

To display a nowiki tag, you can (1) use {{tag}}, (2) replace the < left angle bracket with its HTML character entity, or (3) nest nowiki tags in each other:

{{ tag | nowiki }}
<code>&lt; nowiki>...&lt;/ nowiki ></code>
<code><<nowiki />nowiki>...<<nowiki />/ nowiki ></code>

<nowiki>...</ nowiki >
< nowiki>...</ nowiki >
< nowiki>...</ nowiki >

{{ tag | nowiki | s }}
<code>&lt; nowiki /></code>
<code><<nowiki /> nowiki /></code>
<code><nowiki>< nowiki /></nowiki></code>

<nowiki />
< nowiki />
< nowiki />
< nowiki />

Nowiki tags do not otherwise nest, so it is the second and fourth that displays:

1<nowiki>2<nowiki>3</nowiki>4</nowiki>
<nowiki>{{!}}<nowiki></nowiki>{{!}}</nowiki>

12<nowiki>34</nowiki>       second and fourth
{{!}}<nowiki>|</nowiki>

These simply scan from left to right. The paired tags cannot overlap, because the very first pair-match nullifies any intervening tags inside. Unbalanced tags always display.

Nowiki tags do not display table markup, use <pre>...</pre>.

Pre[]

<pre> is a parser tag that emulates the HTML <pre> tag. It defines preformatted text that is displayed in a fixed-width font and is enclosed in a dashed box. HTML and wiki markups are escaped and spaces and line breaks are preserved, but HTML entities are parsed.

<pre> examples
Markup Renders as
<pre><!--Comment-->

[[wiki]] markup &amp;</pre>
<!--Comment-->

[[wiki]] markup &amp;

As <pre> is a parser tag, it escapes wikitext and HTML tags. This can be prevented with the use of <includeonly></includeonly> within the <pre>, making it act more like its HTML equivalent:

<pre> with <includeonly></includeonly> example
Markup Renders as
<pre<includeonly></includeonly>><!--Comment-->

[[wiki]] markup &amp;</pre>

wiki markup &

Invisible HTML <pre> tags can also be inserted by preceding text with a space character, like:

wiki markup &

Alternatively, consider using {{pre}} template or <syntaxhighlight lang="text">...</syntaxhighlight>.

Invisible text (comments)[]

It's uncommon – but on occasion acceptable for notes to other ors – to add a hidden comment within the text of an article. These comments are visible only when ing or viewing the source of a page. Most comments should go on the appropriate Talk page. The format is to surround the hidden text with "<!--" and "-->" and may cover several lines, e.g.:

<!-- An example of hidden comments
 This won't be visible except in "" mode. -->

Another way to include a comment in the wiki markup uses the {{Void}} template, which can be abbreviated as {{^}}. This template "expands" to the empty string, generating no HTML output; it is visible only to people ing the wiki source. Thus {{^|A lengthy comment here}} operates similarly to the comment <!-- A lengthy comment here -->. The main difference is that the template version can be nested, while attempting to nest HTML comments produces odd results.

Variables[]

Code Effect Notes
{{CURRENTWEEK}} 49
{{CURRENTDOW}} 4

Monday = 1, Tuesday = 2, etc., but Sunday = 0

{{CURRENTMONTH}} 12
{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} December
{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} December
{{CURRENTDAY}} 8
{{CURRENTDAYNAME}} Thursday
{{CURRENTYEAR}} 2022
{{CURRENTTIME}} 10:39
{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} 6,584,974
{{NUMBEROFPAGES}} 57,069,804
{{NUMBEROFUSERS}} 44,624,911
{{PAGENAME}} Wikitext
{{NAMESPACE}} Help
{{REVISIONID}} -
{{REVISIONUSER}} Paradoctor
{{localurl:pagename}} /wiki/Pagename
{{localurl:Wikipedia:Sandbox|action=}} /w/index.php?title=Wikipedia:Sandbox&action=
{{fullurl:pagename}} //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pagename
{{fullurl:pagename|query_string}} //en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pagename&query_string
{{SERVER}} //en.wikipedia.org
{{ns:1}} Talk

{{ns:index}} e.g. {{ns:1}} → full name of namespace

{{SITENAME}} Wikipedia

{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} is the number of pages in the main namespace that contain a link and are not a redirect. This includes full articles, stubs containing a link, and disambiguation pages.

{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} is the genitive (possessive) grammatical form of the month name, as used in some languages but not in English; {{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} is the nominative (subject) form, as usually seen in English.

In languages where it makes a difference, you can use constructs like {{grammar:case|word}} to convert a word from the nominative case to some other case. For example, {{grammar:genitive|{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}}}} means the same as {{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}}.

HTML[]

Many HTML tags can be used in wiki markup. You can check your HTML by using markup validation.

Common templates[]

Images[]

[[File: | thumb | upright | right | alt= | caption ]]

Cite web[]

<ref>{{cite web
 |url= 
 |title= 
 |author= 
 |date= 
 |website= 
 |publisher= 
 |access-date= 
}}</ref>

Cite journal[]

<ref>{{cite journal
 |last1= 
 |first1= 
 |last2= 
 |first2= 
 |year= 
 |title= 
 |journal= 
 |volume= 
 |issue= 
 |pages= 
 |publisher= 
 |doi= 
 |url= 
 |access-date= 
}}</ref>

Cite book (short)[]

<ref>{{cite book
 |last= 
 |first= 
 |author-link= 
 |title= 
 |publisher= 
 |series= 
 |year=  
 |doi= 
 |isbn= 
}}</ref>

Cite book (extended)[]

<ref>{{cite book
 |last1       = 
 |first1      = 
 |last2       = 
 |first2      = 
 |author-link = 
 |coauthors   = 
 |or      = 
 |title       = 
 |trans-title = 
 |url         = 
 |access-date = 
 |ion     = 
 |series      = 
 |volume      = 
 |date        = 
 |year        = 
 |publisher   = 
 |location    = 
 |isbn        = 
 |doi         = 
 |page        = 
 |pages       = 
 |chapter     = 
}}</ref>

Metric conversions[]

Single input:
{{convert|original_value|original_unit|conversion_unit|abbr=on}}
Range of values:
{{convert|orig_val1|range|orig_val2|original_unit|conversion_unit|abbr=on}}
Examples:
{{convert|60|and|170|kg|lb|abbr=on}}
{{convert|18|°C|°F}}
{{convert|3.21|kg|lb}}

Variables[]

Code Effect
{{CURRENTWEEK}} 49
{{CURRENTDOW}} 4
{{CURRENTMONTH}} 12
{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} December
{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} December
{{CURRENTDAY}} 8
{{CURRENTDAYNAME}} Thursday
{{CURRENTYEAR}} 2022
{{CURRENTTIME}} 10:39
{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} 6,584,974
{{NUMBEROFPAGES}} 57,069,804
{{NUMBEROFUSERS}} 44,624,911
{{PAGENAME}} Wikitext
{{NAMESPACE}} Help
{{REVISIONID}} -
{{REVISIONUSER}} Paradoctor
{{localurl:pagename}} /wiki/Pagename
{{localurl:Wikipedia:Sandbox|action=}} /w/index.php?title=Wikipedia:Sandbox&action=
{{fullurl:pagename}} //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pagename
{{fullurl:pagename|query_string}} //en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pagename&query_string
{{SERVER}} //en.wikipedia.org
{{ns:index}} e.g. '{{ns:1}}' fullname of namespace e.g 'Talk'
{{SITENAME}} Wikipedia

Recalling named reference[]

<ref name="NAMEOFREF" />

Quotes[]

{{blockquote |text= |sign= }}

Blockquotes[]

<blockquote>
<p>QUOTED PARAGRAPH</p>
<p>NAME, SOURCE, REFERENCE</p>
</blockquote>

About[]

(This page is about USE1. For other uses, see About (disambiguation).)
{{About|USE1}}
(This page is about USE1. For other uses, see PAGE2.)
{{About|USE1||PAGE2}}
(This page is about USE1. For USE2, see PAGE2.)
{{About|USE1|USE2|PAGE2}}
(This page is about USE1. For USE2, see PAGE2. For USE3, see PAGE3. For USE4, see PAGE4. For USE5, see PAGE5.)
{{About|USE1|USE2|PAGE2|USE3|PAGE3|USE4|PAGE4|USE5|PAGE5}}

Tables (borderless)[]

{|
|-
! scope="col" |COLUMN1
! scope="col" |COLUMN2
|-
|ROW1
|ROW1/COL2
|-
|ROW2
|ROW2/COL2
|}

Tables (wikitable)[]

{| class="wikitable"
|-
! scope="col" |COLUMN1
! scope="col" |COLUMN2
|-
|ROW1
|ROW1/COL2
|-
|ROW2
|ROW2/COL2
|}

Collapsible tables (Default: collapsed)[]

{| class="wikitable mw-collapsible mw-collapsed" style="text-align: left;margin:0px;"
|- 
! style="width:20em;" |COLUMN1
! style="width:20em;" |COLUMN2
|- 
|ROW1
|ROW1/COL2
|-
|ROW2
|ROW2/COL2
|-
|}

Columns[]

{{col-begin|width=100%}}
{{col-break|width=}} 
{{col-end}}

Interwiki links[]

Wiki Shortcut
Wikimedia Commons [[commons:]]
Wikipedia [[w:]]
Wiktionary [[wikt:]]
Wikibooks [[b:]]
Wikisource [[s:]]
Wikispecies [[species:]]
Metawiki [[m:]]
MediaWiki [[mw:]]

Vandalism response templates[]

 * {{subst:uw-vandalism1|PageName}} ~~~~ (unintentional vandalism/test)
 * {{subst:uw-delete1|PageName}} ~~~~ (unintentional removal of content)
 * {{subst:uw-vandalism2|PageName}} ~~~~ (suitable for intentional nonsense or disruption)
 * {{subst:uw-delete2|PageName}} ~~~~ (variant for removal of content)
 * {{subst:uw-vandalism3|PageName}} ~~~~ ("please stop" for use after level 2 warning)
 * {{subst:uw-delete3|PageName}} ~~~~ (please stop removing content)
 * {{subst:uw-vandalism4|PageName}} ~~~~ (last warning for vandalism)
 * {{subst:uw-delete4|PageName}} ~~~~ (last warning for removing content)
 * {{subst:uw-vandalism4im|PageName}} ~~~~ (only warning; for severe or grotesque vandalism only)
 * {{subst:uw-delete4im|PageName}} ~~~~ (only warning; for many blankings in a short period of time)

Page citations[]

{{rp|page=}}

Notes[]

  1. ^ Wikipedia is an encyclopedia that uses wikitext—wikitext is not named after Wikipedia.
  2. ^ The version of LaTeX used is a subset of AMS-LaTeX markup; see Help:Displaying a formula for details.

See also[]

Information icon.svg Help desk

See the 'Coding wiki markup' section of the Help navigation navbox below for additional links.