Sir Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen Gibb (2 January 1895 – 22 October 1971), known as FBA H. A. R. Gibb, was a Scottish historian of  Orientalism.
Early life and education [ ]
Gibb was born on Wednesday, 2 January 1895, in
Alexandria, Egypt, to Alexander Crawford Gibb, the son of John Gibb of Gladstone, Renfrewshire, Scotland, and Jane Ann Gardner of Greenock, Scotland. His father died in 1897, following which his mother took up a teaching position in Alexandria. Hamilton returned to Scotland for his formal education at the age of five: first, four years of private tuition, after which he started at the Royal High School, Edinburgh in 1904, staying until 1912. His education was focused on classics, though it included French, German, and physical sciences. In 1912, Hamilton matriculated at University of Edinburgh, joining the new honours program in Semitic languages ( Hebrew, Arabic, and Aramaic). Hamilton's mother died in 1913 while he was studying in his second year at university. He had two brothers, Euston Gibb and Archibald Gibb.(family knowledge)
Military service [ ]
World War I, Gibb broke off his studies at the University of Edinburgh to serve for the Royal Artillery of the United Kingdom in France from February 1917 and for several months in Italy as a commissioned officer. He was commissioned at the age of 19.
He was awarded a "war privilege"
undergraduate Master of Arts (MA) because of his service until the Armistice of 11 November 1918.
Academic career [ ]
After the war Gibb studied Arabic at
SOAS University of London, gaining his postgraduate MA in 1922. His thesis, published later by the  Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland as a monograph, was on the Muslim conquest of Transoxiana.
From 1921 to 1937 Gibb taught Arabic literature at the then School of Oriental Studies, becoming a professor there in 1930.
During this time he was an or of the  . Encyclopaedia of Islam Among his students was the British Arabist and Reader in Arabic,  James Heyworth-Dunne. In 1937 Gibb succeeded  David Samuel Margoliouth as Laudian Professor of Arabic with a Fellowship at St John's College, Oxford, where he stayed for eighteen years.
In 1955, Gibb became the James Richard Jewett Professor of Arabic and University Professor at
Harvard University. 
Personal life [ ]
Also in 1922 Gibb married Helen Jessie Stark. They had one son, Ian (1923–2005), and one daughter, Dorothy (1926–2006, now Dorothy Greenslade).
Gibb died on 22 October 1971.
Associations [ ]
Bibliography [ ]
Ottoman Poems Translated into English Verse in the Original Forms (1882), Trübner & Company.
A History of Ottoman Poetry (vol. 1 1900 - vol. 6 1909), Luzac and Company.
The Arab Conquests in Central Asia (1923), The Royal Asiatic Society.
Arabic Literature – An Introduction (1926), also (1963), Clarendon Press and (1974), Oxford University Press.
Ibn Batuta, 1304–1377 , trans. and selected by Gibb, Hamilton Alexander Roskeen (London: Routledge, 1929), ( Travels in Asia and Africa 1325-I354 Arabic: Tuhfat al-'anzar fi ghara'ib al-'amsar).
(1929), translated and selected with an introduction and notes, R. M. McBride. Travels in Asia and Africa, 1325–1354 ISBN 81-206-0809-7
(1939), from Note by Professor H. A. R. Gibb Arnold J. Toynbee, , Part I. A Study of History C I ( b) Annex I, p. 400-02.
Modern Trends in Islam (1947). Mohammedanism: An Historical Survey (1949) retitled Islam: An Historical Survey (1980), Oxford.
Islamic Society and the West with Harold Bowen (vol. 1 1950, vol. 2 1957).
Shorter Encyclopedia of Islam (1953), ed with J. H. Kramers, Brill.
(1954– ), new ed. Edited by a number of leading orientalists, including Gibb, under the patronage of the The Encyclopaedia of Islam International Union of Academies. Leiden: Brill, along with that ed by J. H. Kramers, and E. Levi-Provençal. "Islamic Biographical Literature," (1962) in
Historians of the Middle East, eds. Bernard Lewis and P. M. Holt, Oxford U. Press.
Studies on the Civilization of Islam (1982), Princeton U. Press The Damascus Chronicle of the Crusades. Extracted and translated from the Chronicle of , Luzac & Company, London, 1932. ibn al-Qalānisi
Citations [ ]
Cameron, Roberta Llewellyn (1997). The Making of Wilfred Cantwell Smith's "World Theology" (PDF) (PhD thesis). Montreal: Concordia University. p. 10 . Retrieved . 26 December 2018
Gibb, H. A. R. (Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen) (1895–1971). National Library of Australia. Accessed 3 June 2013.
Albert Hourani, " Gibb, Sir Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen (1895–1971)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004, accessed 6 August 2008.
^ a b c d e
Makdisi, George (1965). . Brill Archive. p. 15. Arabic and Islamic Studies in Honor of Hamilton A. R. Gibb
^ a b "H.A.R. Gibb,"
, 3rd Edition (1970–1979). Great Soviet Encyclopedia
Aṣ-Ṣūlī, Abū Bakr Muḥammad b. Yaḥyā (1936). Heyworth-Dunne, James (ed.). "Kitāb al-Awrāq: Ashʻar Awlad al-Khulafaʼ wa Akhbaruhum". E. J. W. Memorial Trust (in Arabic). London: Luzac & Co.: (Preface, p.11).
External links [ ]