Globish (Nerriere)

Globish
The word "globish", with all letters in red and the picture of a globe in blue and green colors.
Created by Jean-Paul Nerrière
Date 2004
Setting and usage international auxiliary language
Purpose
Early forms
Sources vocabulary from a list of 1500 English words, and grammar based on a subset of standard English grammar
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Glottolog None

Globish is a trademarked name for a subset of the English language formalized by Jean-Paul Nerrière.[1] It uses a subset of standard English grammar, and a list of 1500 English words. Nerrière claims it is "not a language" in and of itself,[2] but rather it is the common ground that non-native English speakers adopt in the context of international business.

Origin and development of Globish[]

Jean-Paul Nerrière, the author of Globish presents it as a natural language as opposed to an artificial or constructed language, claiming that it is a codification of a reduced set of English patterns as used by non-native speakers of the language.

The name Globish is a portmanteau of "global" and "English". The first attested reference to the term to refer to a set of dialects of English spoken outside of traditional English speaking areas was in an issue of The Christian Science Monitor in 1997:[3]

Indeed, the "globish" of world youth culture is more and more interactive. Non-Western forms of English now are as creative and lively as Chaucerian or Shakespearean or Dickensian English once were.[4]

The term was then used in another context by Madhukar Gogate to describe his proposed artificial dialect based on English that he presented in 1998 to improve English spelling.

Nerrière's use of the term Globish is related to his claim that the language described in his books is naturally occurring. He has marked his codification of that language by taking out trademark protection on the term, as did I.A. Richards who trademarked Basic English in order to prevent dilution and misrepresentation of his work.[5] Instances of attested prior usage, it can be seen, were incidental or not intended for the same purpose.

Jean-Paul Nerrière[]

Jean-Paul Nerrière, creator of Globish is a French computer engineer. Nerrière graduated with a master's degree in Mechanical Engineering from École Centrale de Paris in 1963. Then he entered the French Naval Academy, with further specialization in law, accounting and administrator while serving as Supply Officer in the French Navy. He graduated from the French Advanced Defence College and advancing to the rank of commander. He joined IBM France in 1965 in the Data Processing Division. In IBM, he spent almost three decades with responsibilities in sales, marketing, and management in France as well as in international headquarters.[6] He became an Assistant to Corporate President John Opel, later on the Operations General Manager of IBM France, then a Vice President at IBM Europe, and eventually the IBM USA Vice President in charge of International Marketing. In 1992, Nerriere moved to Automobiles Peugeot as their Commercial Director and as Senior Vice President of sales, marketing, and services and a member of Peugeot's Council of Directors Council. Then he was appointed CEO of Digital Equipment France (DEC), and soon thereafter was promoted to Vice President of Digital Equipment Europe. Jean-Paul Nerrière was knighted in Légion d'honneur, the highest official award available in France. He is also an elected member of the French Maritime Society.[6] He is also on the National Committee for the development of Grandes Écoles.[6]

Development[]

As an IBM executive and as a result of his vast travels, Jean-Paul Nerrière realized that a new global language was becoming more and more important.[7] While serving as vice president of international marketing at IBM, Jean-Paul Nerriere first observed patterns of English that non-native English speakers used to communicate with each other in international conferences.[2][8] In 1989, he proposed Globish as an international language focussing most of his efforts to its promotion. He developed rules and training in the form of various publications to help non-native English speakers better communicate with each other by using Globish as a lingua franca.[9] He conducted dozens of interviews and wrote or co-authored 6 books about Globish in four different languages.

Promotion and publications[]

Nerrière formulated his ideas in two books he authored, Decouvrez le globish (meaning Discover the Globish) and Do Not Speak English, Parlez Globish.[10] Both books have been translated into a number of international languages. In French, he has published Parlez globish!: l'anglais planétaire du troisième millénaire and co-authored with Philippe Dufresne and Jacques Bourgon, the instruction book Découvrez le globish: l'anglais allégé en 26 étapes.

Nerrière's 2004 codification work began to legitimize the language purpose to the extent it drew some press attention. Clearly, and with much subsequent reference, the term Globish has grown increasingly as a generic term since the date of his first publications. Nerrière trademarked Globish as a subset of the English language formalized by him.[7][11] He also launched the website globish.com to promote his ideas.

In 2009, intending to demonstrate that "Good Globish is correct English", Nerriere and David Hon published Globish the World Over, the first book written entirely in Globish-English. Robert McCrum, literary or of The Observer, is quoted as supporting the efficacy of the language.[12] By 2011, Globish the World Over had been translated into 12 languages including French, German, Spanish, Italian, Russian, Japanese, Chinese, Polish, Hungarian, Slovakian, Uzbek etc.[13] It was a best seller in Japan.

In 2011, the Globish Foundation was formed as a non-profit organization in Australia, for the purpose of maintaining and promulgating the standards of Globish. By 2013, the Globish Foundation had 8 national affiliates and an online Globish Communications Test available 24/7.[14]

Barbara Cassin claims that Globish is not a language of culture, but a language of service.[15] Robert McCrum wrote the book Globish: How the English Language Became the World's Language (ISBN 9780393062557), describing Globish as an economic phenomenon, unlike "global English" whose uses are much more diverse than just business.[16]

Related systems[]

Special English is also a controlled subset of the English language with about 1500 words, short sentences, and slower delivery than traditional English. Special English was first used on October 19, 1959, and is still presented daily by the United States broadcasting service Voice of America.

Specialized English is a controlled subset of the English language derived from Special English by Feba Radio. It also has about 1500 words, with some differences in the word list from Special English.

Criticism[]

Critics of Globish either feel that its codifications are not sufficiently clearly rendered, or that an artificial language is preferable to any natural one.[citation needed]

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ "Globish now the lingua franca of world travellers" The Australian, December 12, 2006.
  2. ^ a b "Parlez vous Globish? Probably, even if you don't know it", Toronto Star, March 7, 2009.
  3. ^ Among the New Words, 2007, American Speech 82.1 Georgia College & State University.
  4. ^ 'Cultural Imperialism Aside, English Spans Linguistic Gulfs', Nigel Young, professor of sociology, Colgate University in Hamilton, N.Y., Christian Science Monitor, 29 December 1997
  5. ^ a b Basic English and Its Uses, W.W. Norton, 1943
  6. ^ a b c Atlantico.fr: Jean-Paul Nerrière Biography of Jean-Paul Nerrière
  7. ^ a b Frederick E. Allen (March 1, 2012). "A New International Business Language: Globish". Forbes. Retrieved March 18, 2018. 
  8. ^ McCrum, Robert: "So, what's this Globish revolution?" The Observer, December 3, 2006.
  9. ^ "New lingua franca upsets French" BBC News, January 23, 2009.
  10. ^ Oxford English Dictionary: The rise of global English
  11. ^ "Globish now the lingua franca of world travellers" The Australian, December 12, 2006.
  12. ^ http://www.globish.com
  13. ^ Globish official website
  14. ^ http://www.globishfoundation.org
  15. ^ "The power of bilingualism: Interview with Barbara Cassin, e-flux.com". e-flux.com. Retrieved March 20, 2017. 
  16. ^ Isaac Chotiner (2010-05-31). "Globish for Beginners". The New Yorker. 
  17. ^ Globish and Basic Global English (BGE): Two Alternatives for a Rapid Acquisition of Communicative Competence in a Globalized World? by Dr Joaquin Grzega, a German linguist.
  18. ^ english version reported by the International Liaison Committee of Atheists and Freethinkers and the original French version[permanent dead link] of the same article, with sources
  19. ^ "English". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2017-11-17. 
  20. ^ GLOBISH ? WHICH GLOBISH ?

External links[]