|Mohammad Ayub Khan|
|Emir of Afghanistan|
Ghazi Mohammad Ayub Khan
|Emir of Afghanistan|
|Reign||12 October 1879 – 31 May 1880|
|Predecessor||Mohammad Yaqub Khan|
|Successor||Abdur Rahman Khan|
7 April 1914 (aged 56–57)|
Lahore, British India
|Father||Sher Ali Khan|
Ghazi Mohammad Ayub Khan (Pashto: غازي محمد ايوب خان) (1857 – April 7, 1914, Urdu: غازی محمد ایوب خان) was also known as The Victor of Maiwand or The Afghan Prince Charlie and was, for a while, the governor of Herat Province in Afghanistan. He was Emir of Afghanistan from October 12, 1879 to May 31, 1880 and was also the leader of Afghans in the Second Anglo-Afghan War. He is today remembered as National Hero of Afghanistan and is buried in Peshawar.
On July 27, 1880, inspired by the battle songs of Malalai of Maiwand in support of the freedom fighters, he defeated the British Army of George Burrows at the Battle of Maiwand. This was the biggest defeat for the Anglo-Indian army in the second Anglo-Afghan war. He went on to besiege the superiourly equipped British forces at Kandahar but did not succeed. On September 1, 1880, he was defeated and routed by forces led by General Frederick Roberts at the Battle of Kandahar, which saw the end of the Second Anglo-Afghan War.
He escaped to Persia (now Iran). After negotiations in 1888 with Sir Mortimer Durand, the ambassador at Teheran, Ayub Khan became a pensioner of the British Raj. A political officer, William Evans-Gordon, took charge of him on his arrival in India and escorted him with his entourage from Karachi to Rawalpindi. He lived in India until his death in 1914.
He is today remembered as National Hero of Afghanistan and his body was interred near the shrine of Sheikh Habib at Durrani graveyard in Peshawar. His mausoleum was vandalized and his tomb tablet stolen. Efforts are being made by one of his family members, Asim Khan Effendi to reconstruct and restore the monument in consultation with cultural conservationalist of International repute Hameed Haroon and leading Architect Mujeeb Khan.
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| Barakzai dynasty
Emir of Afghanistan
12 October 1879 – 31 May 1880
Abdur Rahman Khan