This is the German Army order of battle on the outbreak of World War I in August 1914.
Commanders and locations of the German Army
The overall commander of the Imperial German Army was Kaiser Wilhelm II. The Chief of the General Staff was Generaloberst Helmuth von Moltke the Younger, with General Hermann von Stein as Deputy Chief. The Departmental chiefs were Oberst Tappen (Operations Branch), Oberstleutnant Hentsch (Intelligence Branch), Major Nicolai (Secret Service), Oberst von Dommes (Political Section), Generalleutnant Siger (Field munitions), Major Thomsen (Air Service), Oberst Groner (Field Railways), and General von Schjerning (Medical Services). Generalmajor von Schoeler was Intendant-General (responsible for logistical supplies), and General von Claer was General of Engineers.
Helmuth von Moltke the Younger
Location of the German divisions 1914
Location of the German brigades 1914
Homeland corps deployments (1871-1914)
During times of war in Germany, all military forces came under the direct command of the German Emperor, via Article 60 of the Constitution of the German Reich (1871). From 1871 to 1918, the forces of the Emperor included those of the kingdoms of Prussia, Bavaria, Saxony and Wurttemberg, with all other states commanded by, or merged with his Prussian army.
Battle of the Frontiers - 2 August to 26 August 1914.
7th German Army in August 1914
26th (Württ) and 28th Württ. Res Div. End September 1914
Lw-Regt. 122 Lorraine 1914
26th Inf Div. and 26th Cavalry Brig. 1914
26th Inf.-Div. and FArt-Regt. 13 Poland 1914
Württ. units at Western Front in late 1914
Württ. units at Eastern Front in late 1914
Four independent cavalry corps served on the Western Front:
Each Cavalry Division consisted of 3 Brigades, each of 2 Cavalry Regiments (24 squadrons total), 3 horse artillery batteries (4 guns each) and an MG detachment (6 MGs).
First Army was commanded by Generaloberst Alexander von Kluck.
2nd Army was commanded by Generaloberst Karl von Bülow.
3rd Army was commanded by Generaloberst Max von Hausen.
4th Army was commanded by Generaloberst Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg.
5th Army was commanded by Generalmajor Wilhelm, Crown Prince of Germany.
6th Army was commanded by Generaloberst Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria.
7th Army was commanded by Generaloberst Josias von Heeringen.
8th Army was commanded by Generaloberst Maximilian von Prittwitz.
Army of the North
Central Reserves and Border Fortresses
- ^ Originally held back in Schleswig in case of British landings; moved up in late August.
- ^ expansion of pre-war 18th Btn
- ^ Given by Edmonds as "3rd Guard Reserve Division".
- ^ II & III Btns, 4th Foot Regt; I & II Btns, 9th Foot Regt
- ^ II Btn, 9th Reserve Foot Regt
- ^ 1st & 5th Btys
- ^ expansion of pre-war 24th & 25th Btns
- ^ III Btn, 1st Foot Regt
- ^ expansion of pre-war 23rd Btn
- ^ II & III Btns, 7th Foot Regt
- ^ expansion of pre-war 30th Btn
- ^ I & II Btns, 6th Foot Regt; II & III Btns, 12th Foot Regt;
- ^ expansion of pre-war 20th & 29th Btns
- ^ II Btn, 3rd Bavarian Foot Regt; II & III Btns, 18th Foot Regt
- ^ 2nd Bty
- ^ 1st Bty
- ^ expansion of pre-war 19th & 4th Bavarian Btns
- ^ Transferred to 1st Army in late August.
- Appendix 6: Order of battle of the German Armies. In: History of the Great War: Military Operations, France and Belgium 1914, by J. E. Edmonds. Macmillan & Co., London, 1922.
- Appendix 1: The Field Army, 17 August 1914. In: Imperial German Army 1914-18: Organisation, Structure, Orders-of-Battle, by Hermann Cron. Helion & Co., 2002.